Cajanus scarabaeoides (L.) Thouars

First published in G.-F.Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat., ed. 2. 6: 167 (1816)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Comoros, W. Madagascar, India to S. China and N. Australia. It is a scrambling perennial or subshrub and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Descriptions

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Morphology General Habit
Annual/Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb
Vernacular
Fausse Pistache Marronne, Jangal Tor, Jangli Tur, Pistache Marronne, Ram Kurti, Vahi-tsokona, Wal-Kollu
[ILDIS]

RBG Kew (2016) Indonesia Seed Collecting Guide

Ecology
ecology fields, roadsides, grassy slopes, coastal areas. altitude100 - 1500 m Fields, roadsides, grassy slopes, seasides. Altitude:100 - 1500 m Habitat: Fields, roadsides, grassy slopes, coastal areas. Altitude:100 - 1500 m fields, roadsides, grassy slopes, coastal areas. altitude100 - 1500 m Fields, roadsides, grassy slopes, coastal areas. Altitude:100 - 1500 m fields, roadsides, grassy slopes, coastal areas. altitude100 - 1500 m
Distribution
distribution china, bangladesh, bhutan, cambodia, india, indonesia, japan, laos, malaysia, myanmar, nepal, pakistan, sri lanka, thailand, vietnam; africa, oceania. China, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Africa, Oceania. Distribution: China, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Africa, Oceania. china, bangladesh, bhutan, cambodia, india, indonesia, japan, laos, malaysia, myanmar, nepal, pakistan, sri lanka, thailand, vietnam; africa, oceania. china, bangladesh, bhutan, cambodia, india, indonesia, japan, laos, malaysia, myanmar, nepal, pakistan, sri lanka, thailand, vietnam; africa, oceania. China, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Africa, Oceania.
Conservation
conservation least concerned Least concerned Conservation: Least concerned least concerned least concerned Least concerned
Habit
HABIT: Perennial, woody, creepers or twiners, stems to 2 m habit perennial, woody, creepers or twiners, stem to 2 m perennial, woody, creepers or twiners, stems to 2 m perennial, woody, creepers or twiners, stems to 2 m perennial, woody, creepers or twiners, stems to 2 m
Morphology General Habit
Vines, woody, twining or trailing, to 2 m Perennial, woody, creepers or twiners, stems to 2 m
Morphology Stem
Stems slender, ± pubescent Stems slender, ± pubescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate; stipules small, ovate, hairy, usually deciduous; petiole 1-2 cm; stipels absent; petiolules extremely short; leaflets papery or nearly leathery, with glandular spots, sparsely pubescent on both surfaces, denser abaxially, basal veins 3, obviously convex below; terminal leaflet elliptic or obovate-elliptic to obovate, 1.2-4 x 0.8-1.5(-3) cm, apex obtuse or rounded; lateral leaflets smaller, obliquely elliptic to obliquely obovate Pinnately 3-foliolate; stipules small, ovate, hairy, usually deciduous; petiole 1-2 cm; stipels absent; petiolules extremely short; leaflets papery or nearly leathery, with glandular spots, sparsely pubescent on both surfaces, denser abaxially, basal veins 3, obviously convex below; terminal leaflet elliptic or obovate-elliptic to obovate, 1.2-4 x 0.8-1.5(-3) cm, apex obtuse or rounded; lateral leaflets smaller, obliquely elliptic to obliquely obovate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Raceme axillary, usually less than 2 cm, 1-5-flowered; peduncle 2-5 mm, densely brown to dull brown villous Raceme axillary, usually less than 2 cm, 1-5-flowered; peduncle 2-5 mm, densely brown to dull brown villous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx campanulate, 5-lobed, or 4-lobed with upper 2 incompletely connate; lobes linear­ lanceolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla yellow, ca. 1 cm, usually deciduous; standard obovate, with emarginate auricle and claw at base; wings narrowly elliptic, slightly curved, base auriculate; keels curved at apex, densely very pale brown villous Corolla yellow, ca. 1 cm, usually deciduous, standard obovate, with emarginate auricle and claw at base, wings narrowly elliptic, slightly curved, base auriculate, keels curved at apex, densely very pale brown villous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary Ovules
Ovules several-Pod oblong, 1.5-2.5 x 0.4-0.6 cm, leathery, densely villous, transversely constricted between seeds Ovules several-Pod oblong, 1.5-2.5 x 0.4-0.6 cm, leathery, densely villous, transversely constricted between seeds
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 2-7, dark brown, ellipsoidal, ca. 4 mm; strophiole convex. 2-7, dark brown, ellipsoidal, ca. 4 mm, strophiole convex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Calyx campanulate, 5-lobed, or 4-lobed with upper 2 incompletely connate, lobes linear-lanceolate
Phenology
flower (September - November), fruit (October - December) phenology flower (september – november), fruit (october - december) Flower (September - November); fruit (October - December) Phenology: flower (September - November), fruit (October - December) flower (september - november), fruit (october - december) flower (september - november), fruit (october - december)
[SCG]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/19892765/20032501

Conservation
LC - least concern
[IUCN]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Perennial climber or trailer forming thick mats; rootstock woody, slender.
Morphology Stem
Stems often reddish, covered with short ferruginous pubescence.
Morphology Leaves
Leaflets elliptic, the laterals slightly oblique, 0·8–7·3 cm. long, 0·5–3 cm. wide, rounded to subacute at both ends, sparsely to densely greyish velvety pubescent and gland-dotted on both surfaces; petiole 0·7–2·7 cm. long, ferruginous pubescent; rhachis 1–5 mm. long; petiolules 1–1·5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary, few-flowered; peduncle 1–3 mm. long; pedicels ± 4 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx ± 6–7 mm. long, the lobes longer than the tube.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard yellow, flushed crimson outside, obovate, 9–10 mm. long, 5 mm. wide, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod oblong, compressed, 1·5–2·5 cm. long, 5–7·5 mm. wide, 3–6-seeded, the valves conspicuously grooved between the seeds, densely shortly pubescent and also with much longer ferruginous ± adpressed hairs and small glands.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds reddish, mottled brown or black, oblong, longest dimension 4–5 mm., shorter dimension 2·5–3 mm., 1·5–1·8 mm. thick.
Figures
Fig. 107.
Habitat
Bushland; sea-level
Distribution
Z W. Africawidespread throughout Asia and the Orientundoubtedly introduced into Africathe earliest Zanzibar specimen I have seen was collected in 1930
[FTEA]

Uses

Use
Environmental, Food and Drink, Forage, Medicine, Weed
[ILDIS]

Sources

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    • International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Legumes of the World Online

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/
  • Seed Collection Guides

    • Kew Bulletin
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0