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This species is accepted, and its native range is Temp. & Subtropical America. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders.
Eclipta prostrata

[FTEA]

Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Annual or short-lived perennial herb, erect or decumbent, sometimes scrambling, 5–90 cm high and long, sometimes mat-forming; stem fleshy or sappy, sometimes tinged with red; branches appressed scabrid-pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves narrowly ovate, narrowly elliptic or elliptic, 2–12 cm long, 0.3–4 cm wide, base cuneate or attenuate, margins serrate or serrate-crenate, apex acute or subacute, appressed scabrid-pubescent on both surfaces; petiole to 3 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula hemispheric, stalked for up to 1 cm; involucre to 6 mm long; phyllaries 8–11, appressed-pubescent; paleae not very visible.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Ray florets in several series, inconspicuous, white, the ray 1–2 mm long; disc florets white, rarely yellow, 1–2 mm long, with puberulous lobes, but especially distinctive when young when they are flat and mid- to dark green.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes brown or black with pale margins, oblong, 2–2.5 mm long, flat or 3-gonous, subglabrous; pappus absent or of a small puberulous rim.
Figures
Fig. 151 (page 729).
Habitat
Moist sites such as swamp edges, river or lake banks, edge of rice-fields, black cotton soil; 0–1250 m
Distribution
a pantropic weed K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1900 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Ecology
Alt. 0 - 1900 m.
Morphology General Habit
Herb.
Distribution
Native from Colombia.

[FWTA]

Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
A decumbent or erect annual herb up to 2 ft. or more high, with rough leaves and stems
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
White flower-heads about 1/3 in. across
Note
Whole plant blackening on drying
Ecology
A common tropical weed especially in damp places.

[UNAL]
Vernacular
Clavo de pozo, Congolala, Herb de clavo, Juan eliberto, Vangolalá

[UPB]
Use Materials
Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Materials Unspecified Materials Chemicals
Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016).

Native to:

Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, California, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Colombia, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Georgia, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Nicaragua, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Puerto Rico, Rhode I., South Carolina, South Dakota, Suriname, Tennessee, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin

Introduced into:

Afghanistan, Albania, Andaman Is., Angola, Aruba, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, Botswana, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Chagos Archipelago, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, France, Free State, Gabon, Galápagos, Greece, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Hainan, Hawaii, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Korea, Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Manchuria, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Niue, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Portugal, Qinghai, Queensland, Rodrigues, Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sicilia, Sinai, Society Is., Socotra, South Australia, South China Sea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tasmania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Transcaucasus, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Turkey, Tuvalu, Ukraine, Venezuelan Antilles, Victoria, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Xinjiang, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

English
Eclipta

Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 1, 2015 Julius [FRI 56168], Malaya K001045438
Sep 1, 2012 Gardner, G. [523], Brazil K000895511
Sep 1, 2012 Gardner, G. [795], Rio de Janeiro K000895513
Jul 1, 2012 Burchell [836], Brazil K000955678
Jul 1, 2012 Burchell [6617], Brazil K000955679
Jul 1, 2012 Burchell [6924-2], Brazil K000955683
Jul 1, 2012 Burchell [6821], Brazil K000955677
Apr 1, 2009 Asik [127836], Sabah K000610478
Apr 1, 2009 Amib [59547], Sabah K000610488
Feb 1, 2009 Forster, J.G.A. [s.n.] K001065758 lectotype
Jan 1, 2009 Laizer, G.S. [1373], Tanzania K000614910
Feb 1, 2008 Vermeulen [2394], Sulawesi K000512316
Feb 1, 2008 Ambriansyah [3202], Kalimantan K000512337
Jan 1, 2008 Ezrom, P. et al. [78], Tanzania K000612543
Nov 1, 2007 Sasaki, D. [1504], Mato Grosso K000579649
May 13, 2005 Hamilton, W.D. [40], Brazil K001030457
Mar 1, 2002 Gardner, G. [1054], Pernambuco K000054367
Feb 1, 2002 Ridley [102], Pernambuco K000054365
Feb 1, 2002 Moseley [9/73], Pernambuco K000054366
Sep 1, 2001 França, F. [1993], Bahia K000053086
Aug 1, 1999 Andrade, W.M. [136], Pernambuco K000054368
Jul 1, 1993 Spruce, R. [s.n.], Brazil K001062032
Jul 1, 1993 Spruce, R. [6473], Peru K000200545
May 1, 1989 Harley, R.M. [25850], Bahia K000053335
Jan 1, 1966 Eiten, G. [4997], Bahia K000053334
Meikle, R.D. [1262], Nigeria 8659.000
Cruckshanks [s.n.], Peru K000009860 holotype
Hind, D.J.N. [PCD3381], Bahia K000053325
Hind, D.J.N. [H50475], Bahia K000053326
Carvalho, A.M. [3846], Bahia K000053327
Guedes, M.L. [17], Bahia K000053328
Salzmann, P. [13], Brazil K000053329
Salzmann, P. [13], Brazil K000053330
Mori, S.A. [11617], Bahia K000053331
Kayombo, C.J. [4407], Tanzania K000612947
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3209] K001118811
Hoehne, W. [s.n.], Brazil K001030559
Silva, H.G.C. [143], Brazil K001030563
Archer, W.A. [7726], Brazil K001030469
Martius [404], Brazil K001030476
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3209] K001118810
Lowe, J. [4268], Brazil K001030458
Burchell [1063], Brazil K000955681
Bidgood, S. [5952], Tanzania K000468473
Burchell [1618], Brazil K000955682
Preston, T.A. [s.n.], Brazil K001030468
Philcox, D. [4651], Brazil K001030461
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3209] K001118813
Anderson, A.B. [1109], Brazil K001030561
s.coll. [450] K000895512
Trail, J.W.H. [480], Brazil K001030471
Prance, G.T. [14759], Brazil K001030470
Hoehne, W. [s.n.], Brazil K001030557
Chevalier [1262], Mali K000391793
Prance, G.T. [2546], Brazil K001030473
Lombardi, J.A. [2510], Brazil K001030462
Krukoff, B.A. [6735], Brazil K001030459
Burchell [7064-2], Brazil K000955680
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3209] K001118812
Hagerup, O. [433], Mali K000391794
Mexia, Y. [5273], Brazil K001030477
Carneiro-Torres, D.S. [374], Brazil K001030569
Castellanos, A. [23434], Brazil K001030483
Glaziou [4050], Brazil K001030481
Krukoff, B.A. [6735], Brazil K001030472
s.coll. [s.n.], Santa Catarina K000895510
Eiten, G. [7832], Brazil K001030480
Hepper, F.N. [3792], Mali K000391792
Miers, J. [3838], Brazil K001030479
Grazziotin, G. [s.n.], Brazil K001030562
s.coll. [s.n.] K001030463
Teixeira, L.O.A. [386], Brazil K001030475
Tweedie [402], Brazil K001030466
Amaral, I.L. [345], Brazil K001030474
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3209] K001118809
Hind, D.J.N. [PCD2938], Bahia K000053324
Castellanos, A. [23479], Brazil K001030482
Rau, W. [102], Brazil K001030485
Lombardi, J.A. [2589], Brazil K001030460
s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001030667
Hoehne, W. [s.n.], Brazil K001030558
Bartolomeu, J.G. [s.n.], Brazil K001030560
Glaziou, A. [14001], Brazil K001030484
s.coll. [402], Brazil K001030467
Eiten, G. [6209], Brazil K001030486
Trail, J.W.H. [480], Brazil K001030464
Nunes, T.S. [1253], Brazil K001030570
Mattos Silva, L.A. [631], Bahia K000053332
s.coll. [402], Brazil K001030465
King, R.M. [8789], Bahia K000053333
Mexia, Y. [4844], Brazil K001030478
Schimper [539], Ethiopia Anthemis abyssinica K000410945 isotype
Schimper [539], Ethiopia Anthemis abyssinica K000410947 holotype
Schimper [539], Ethiopia Anthemis abyssinica K000410946
Schimper [539], Ethiopia Anthemis abyssinica K000410948
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3211], Vietnam Eclipta erecta K001118817
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3211] Eclipta erecta K001118818
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3211], India Eclipta erecta K001118815
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3211], India Eclipta erecta K001118816
Cuming, H. [2436], Singapore Eclipta alba K001065763 isosyntype
Carey, W. [s.n.] Eclipta alba K001065768
Wight, R. [1444] Eclipta alba K001065769
s.coll. [319] Eclipta alba K001065767
s.coll. [3209] Eclipta alba K001065766
Roxburgh, W. [s.n.] Eclipta alba K001065765
Wallich, G.C. [3209] Eclipta alba K001065764

First published in Mant. Pl. 2: 286 (1771)

Accepted by

  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Beentje, H.J. (2021). Flore du Gabon 56: 1-148. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2006). Asteraceae Flora of North America North of Mexico 21: 1-616. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • GCC in GCC (2011). Global Compositae Checklist Global Compositae Checklist http://compositae.landcareresearch.co.nz/.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A., Edmondson, J.R. & Hind, D.J.N. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Iraq 6: 1-458. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Ling, Y., Chen, Y.L. et C.Shih in Ling, Y. Et Ge, X. (1979). Inuleae-Helenieae Flora Reiublicae Popularis Sinicae 75: 1-422. Science Press.
  • Liogier, A.H. (1996). Flora de la Española 8: 1-588. Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo.
  • Lorence, D.H. & Wagnwe, W.L. (2020). Flora of the Marquesas Islands 2: 413-1135. National Tropical Botanic Garden, Smithsonian, DRPF.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Prakash, L. & Balasubramanian, P. (2018). Invasive alien flora of Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve in Southern Eastern Ghats, India Indian Forester 144: 857-862.
  • Pruski, J.F. (ed.) (2018). Flora Mesoamericana 5(2): 1-608. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
  • Schischkin, B.K. (ed.) (1959). Compositae. Tribes Eupatorieae, Astereae, Inuleae, Ambrosieae, Heliantheae and Heleniae Flora of the USSR 25: 1-628. Science Publishers, Inc.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(1): 1-346.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2011). Asteraceae Flora of China 20-21: 1-992. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Mant. Pl. Alt. 286 (1771).

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

  • Kew's Economic Botany collection in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org/2016/

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Beentje, H.J. (2021). Flore du Gabon 56: 1-148. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2006). Asteraceae Flora of North America North of Mexico 21: 1-616. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • GCC in GCC (2011). Global Compositae Checklist Global Compositae Checklist http://compositae.landcareresearch.co.nz/.
  • Lorence, D.H. & Wagnwe, W.L. (2020). Flora of the Marquesas Islands 2: 413-1135. National Tropical Botanic Garden, Smithsonian, DRPF.
  • Pruski, J.F. (ed.) (2018). Flora Mesoamericana 5(2): 1-608. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
  • St. John, H. (1988). Census of the Flora of the Gambier islands, Polynesia Pacific Plant Studies 43: 1-34.
  • Tropicos.org (2009-continuously updated). Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden http://www.tropicos.org/.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2011). Asteraceae Flora of China 20-21: 1-992. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 215 (1994).
  • D.J.N. Hind in Fl. Masc. 109: 181, t. 60 (1993).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 26, t. 4 (1956).
  • L., Mant. Pl. Alt.: 286 (1771).
  • Lisowski, Asterac. Fl. Afr. Centr. 1: 223 (1991).
  • Maquet in Fl. Rwanda 3: 622, fig. 191/3 (1985).
  • Wild in Kirkia 6: 59 (1967).

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Neotropikey
Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
© Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Universidad Nacional de Colombia
ColPlantA database
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
ColPlantA database
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0