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This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Mexico to Tropical America.
Senna alata

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1000 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca.
Morphology General Habit
Arbusto, arbolito
Conservation
No Evaluada

[UNAL]
Vernacular
Bagua, Bajagua, Barajo, Frisolillos, Galve, Galve amarillo, Glaves, Kasyalata, Lenguevaca, Lucutema, Mahagüilla, Mahaquilla, Majaguillo, Martingalbe

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Cultivated, Guinea-Congolian anthropic landscapes, Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transition zone; anthropic landscapes.
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub/Tree
Vernacular
Acapulco, Candelabra Bush, Candle Bush, Candle-bush, Candlestick Plant, Candlesticks, Carrion Crow Bush, Casse De Java, Catepan, Catepen, Cattiping, Dadmurdan, Dartres, Dartrier, Datkapat, Epis d'Or, Fleur a Dartre, Fleur St. Christophe, Flor Del Secreto,

[FWTA]

Caesalpiniaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A soft-wooded shrub, up to 15 ft. or more high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Yellow flowers in stout dense erect racemes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits black when ripe
Ecology
In villages and clearings, chiefly in forest regions.

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Herb or shrub 1–6 m. high.
Morphology Stem
Young stems puberulous with minute spreading hairs, eglandular.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves mostly 30–75 cm. long; petiole and rhachis eglandular. Stipules obliquely triangular, 0.6–1.3 cm. long, 0.3–1 cm. wide. Leaflets in 5–7 (–13) pairs, oblong-elliptic to obovate-elliptic, mostly 5–19 cm. long and 2.5–12 cm. wide, rounded and usually retuse at apex, usually with a short mucro 0.5–1.5 mm. long, puberulous especially on midrib, lateral nerves and margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes (including peduncle) 15–70 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts subtending flower-buds large, orange, 2–2.8 cm. long, 1.2–1.7 cm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals bright yellow, 1.7–2.2 cm. long, 0.9–1.2 cm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens normally 10; filaments straight or nearly so; 2 anthers large, 5 medium, 3 small.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods 12–17(–19) cm. long, 1.3–2 cm. wide (to 3 cm. across wings), dehiscent, transversely septate, with a crenate-margined wing running longitudinally along the middle of each valve.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds flattened at right angles to the axis of the pod, deltoid-rhombic, acuminate to the hilum, with a longitudinal ridge along each face, 6–8 mm. long, 4–5 mm. wide, 1.5–2.5 mm. thick.
Habitat
Uncertain, but in the Flora area doubtless always an escape from cultivation; near sea-level to 460 m.
Distribution
P T3 T6 Z pantropical, originally from South America

[ILDIS]
Use
Environmental, Medicine, Toxins, Weed

Doubtfully present in:

Hainan

Native to:

Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Southwest Caribbean, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Brazil South, Burkina, Burundi, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Congo, East Himalaya, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Hawaii, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Laos, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Marianas, Marshall Is., Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Niue, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Samoa, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Sri Lanka, Sumatera, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Zaïre

Senna alata (L.) Roxb. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2007 Ferrucci, M.S. [2376], Bolivia K001041921
Jan 1, 2005 Galiano, W. [4396], Peru K001041931
Sep 18, 2002 Akoegninou A. et al. [2293], Benin K000117635
Sep 14, 2002 Rusby, H.H.; Squires, Roy W. [19], Venezuela K001041923
Jul 1, 2001 Bruneau, A. [1076], Cameroon K000108223
Jan 1, 2000 Sanjines, A. [249], Bolivia K001041935
Jan 1, 1999 Manuñak, V. [964], Argentina K001259743
Mar 28, 1998 Whitmore, T.C. [s.n.], Ecuador K001041934
Jan 1, 1998 Carrion [631], Bolivia K001041936
Dec 1, 1997 Mann, G. [1000], Gabon K000232485
Dec 1, 1997 Mann, G. [1000], Gabon K000232486
Dec 1, 1997 Barter [3348], Nigeria K000417511
Dec 1, 1997 Barter [s.n.], Sierra Leone K000417512
Jul 1, 1997 Etuge, M. [371], Cameroon K000092587
Jul 1, 1997 Manning, S.D. [519], Cameroon K000092589
Jul 1, 1997 Manning, S.D. [519], Cameroon K000092590
Feb 26, 1997 Mexia, Ynes [8455], Ecuador K001041932
Jun 1, 1995 França, F. [1216], Bahia K000055484
Jan 1, 1995 JRT [1047], Peru K001041930
Oct 4, 1987 Whitmore, T.C. [793], Ecuador K001041933
Feb 3, 1987 illegible [1372], Bolivia K001041922
Jan 1, 1987 Balée, W.L. [1593], Pará K000841007
Nov 1, 1986 Coradin, L. [5839], Piauí K000055878
Jan 1, 1986 Thomas, W. [4630], Mato Grosso K000841005
Jan 1, 1985 Teixeira, L.O.A. [381], Rondônia K000840995
Jan 1, 1983 Hage, J.L. [1135], Bahia K000055876
Jan 1, 1983 Hage, J.L. [680], Bahia K000055875
Jan 1, 1983 Heringer, E.P. [4581], Brazil K000841151
Jan 1, 1983 Oliveira, P.I. [429], Goiás K000841008
Jan 1, 1974 Belém, R.P. [3567], Bahia K000055877
Jan 6, 1969 Lehmann [K13], Colombia K001041928
Dec 17, 1966 Ferrucci, M.S.; Dematteis, M.; Pieszko, G.; Urdampilleta, J.D. [2376], Bolivia K001041921
Oct 21, 1960 Triana, J. [s.n.], Colombia K001041925
Oct 21, 1960 Bridgeman, A.R. [355], Colombia K001041926
Dec 16, 1936 Colchester [2411], Venezuela K001041924
Jan 1, 1918 Lewis, W.H.; Dwyer, J.D.; Elias, T.S.; Robertson, K.R. [955], Panama K001041929
Jan 1, 1918 JRT; Ríos, José [1047], Peru K001041930
Jan 1, 1918 Galiano, W.; Nuñez, P.; Valenzuela, L.; Farfán, J.; Rodriguez, A.; Carazas, F. [4396], Peru K001041931
May 3, 1883 Callejas, R.; Castano, C.J.; Roldan, F.J. [3200], Colombia K001041927
Hinton, G.B. [5660], Mexico K000119649
Hinton, G.B. [11764], Mexico K000119651
Hinton, G.B. [10887], Mexico K000119652
Hinton, G.B. [10887], Mexico K000119653
Hinton, G.B. [10956], Mexico K000119654
Hinton, G.B. [10956], Mexico K000119655
Regnell, A.F. [476], Minas Gerais K000840999
illegible [1372], Bolivia K001041922
Rusby, H.H. [19], Venezuela K001041923
Colchester [2411], Venezuela K001041924
Prance, G.T. [1821], Maranhão K000841001
Irwin, H.S. [5945], Brazil K000840996
Bridgeman, A.R. [355], Colombia K001041926
Irwin, H.S. [48781], Amapá K000841000
Mexia, Ynes [8455], Ecuador K001041932
Almeida, E.F. [209], Minas Gerais K000841009
Whitmore, T.C. [s.n.], Ecuador K001041934
Triana, J. [s.n.], Colombia K001041925
Hinton, G.B. [5660], Mexico K000119648
Burchell [6160], Goiás K000841003
Krapovickas, A. [42169], Argentina K001259742
Hunt, D.R. [5571], Mato Grosso K000840993
Irwin, H.S. [13173], Brazil K000840997
Lehmann [K13], Colombia K001041928
Whitmore, T.C. [793], Ecuador K001041933
Hunt, D.R. [5571], Mato Grosso K000840992
Glaziou [10685], Rio de Janeiro K000840998
Burchell [2976], Rio de Janeiro K000841002
Hinton, G.B. [6904], Mexico K000119650
Callejas, R. [3200], Colombia K001041927
Cid, C.A. [4647], Rondônia K000841004
Lewis, W.H. [955], Panama K001041929
Hunt, D.R. [5571], Mato Grosso K000840994
Lewis, G.P. [1468], Roraima K000841006
Venezuela, Bolivia K001473482
Venezuela, Bolivia K001473483
Brenan, J.P.M. [8793], Nigeria Cassia alata 11445.000
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5301] Cassia alata K001120441
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5301] Cassia alata K001120443
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5301] Cassia alata K001120442
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5301] Cassia alata K001120439
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5301] Cassia alata K001120440

First published in Fl. Ind. ed. 1832, 2: 349 (1832)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New York Botanic Garden Press, New York.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Barua, K.N. & Khatry, P.K. (2009). Alien forest weeds in upper Brahmaputra valler and hill zones of Assam Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 414-422.
  • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2009). Nova silva cusatlantica. Árboles nativos e introduciados de El Salvador. Parte 1: Angiospermae - Familias A a L Englera 29-1: 1-438.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Castle, G.E. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. Orstom Editions.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • D'Arcy, W.G. (1987). Flora of Panama. Checklist and Index. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 17: 1-328. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Evenhuis, N.L. & Eldredge, L.G. (eds.) (2012). Records of the Hawaii biological survey for 2011. Part II: plants Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 113: 1-102.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Forero, E. & Castellanos, C. (eds.) (2019). Estudios en Leguminosas Colombianas 3: 1-398. Academia Colombiana de ciencias exactas, físicas y naturales.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2007). Flora of the Sultanate of Oman. volume 2. Crassulaceae - Apiaceae Scripta Botanica Belgica 36: 1-220.
  • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Hedberg, I., Friis, I. & Persson, E. (2009). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 1: 1-305. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Pandey, R.P. (2009). Floristic diversity of Ferrargunj forest area in South Andaman Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 747-768.
  • Paña-Chocarro, M.C., Espada-Mateos, C., Vera, M., Céspedes, G. & Knapp, S. (2010). Updated checklist of vascular plants of the Mbaracayú Forest Nature Reserve (Reserva Natural del Bosque Mbaracayú), Paraguay Phytotaxa 12: 1-224.
  • Smith, A.C. (1985). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 3: 1-758. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
  • Souza, V.C. & al. (2016). Flora dos Estados de Goiás e Tocantins 48: 1-147. Universidade federal de Goiás.
  • Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (1946). Flora of Guatemala Fieldiana Botany New Series 24(5): 1-502. Field Museum of Natural History.
  • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Suzuki, M., Taufatofua, P. & Koyama, T. (2007). New records of plants from Tonga Makinoa, n.s., 6: 25-62.
  • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • da Silva e Silva, W.L., Cajueiro Gurgel, E.S., Moreira dos Santos, J.U. & Falcão da Silva, M. (2013). Inventário e distribuição geográfica de Leguminosae no arquipélago de Marajó, PA, Brazil Hoehnea 40: 627-647.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New York Botanic Garden Press, New York.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Barua, K.N. & Khatry, P.K. (2009). Alien forest weeds in upper Brahmaputra valler and hill zones of Assam Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 414-422.
  • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2009). Nova silva cusatlantica. Árboles nativos e introduciados de El Salvador. Parte 1: Angiospermae - Familias A a L Englera 29-1: 1-438.
  • Berhaut, J. (1975). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 4: 1-625. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Castle, G.E. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. Orstom Editions.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Choudhary, R.K., Srivastava, R.C., Das, A.K. & Lee, J. (2012). Floristic diversity assessment and vegetation analysis of Upper Siang district of eastern Himalaya in North East India Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 42: 222-246.
  • D'Arcy, W.G. (1987). Flora of Panama. Checklist and Index. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 17: 1-328. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
  • Evenhuis, N.L. & Eldredge, L.G. (eds.) (2012). Records of the Hawaii biological survey for 2011. Part II: plants Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 113: 1-102.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2007). Flora of the Sultanate of Oman. volume 2. Crassulaceae - Apiaceae Scripta Botanica Belgica 36: 1-220.
  • Gonzalez, F., Nelson Diaz, J. & Lowry, P. (1995). Flora Illustrada de San Andrés y Providencia: 1-281. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Colombia.
  • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Hedberg, I., Friis, I. & Persson, E. (2009). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 1: 1-305. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
  • Jaramillo Díaz, P. & Guézou, A. (2017). CDF Checklist of Galapagos Vascular Plants - FCD Lista de especies de Plantas Vasculares de Galápagos http://www.darwinfoundation.org/datazone/checklists/vascular-plants/.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
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