Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants

This species is accepted, and its native range is America, Subantarctic Islands. It is has social uses, as animal food, a poison and a medicine and for food.

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Amazonia, Andean, Caribbean. Elevation range: 50–3600 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Amazonas, Antioquia, Atlántico, Bogotá DC, Boyacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo,
Habit
Herb.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.
Vernacular
Apazote, Camatai, Chemen contra, Epazota, Paico, Pasote, Pazote, Semen contra, Shipiwai, Simen contra, Wormweed, Yerba santa

[FTEA]

Chenopodiaceae, J. P. M. Brenan. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1954

Morphology General Habit
Herb up to 120 cm. high, usually annual, rarely a short-lived perennial, polymorphic (principally in America), upright, much branched, green (? occasionally red-tinged), variably pubescent or hairy especially on stem, also with numerous yellowish sessile glands particularly on lower side of leaves, strongly aromatic.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves variable, lanceolate in outline to more rarely elliptic or obovate, mostly 1.5–10 cm. long and 0.4–4.3 cm. wide, entire to laciniate or pinnatifid; upper leaves and bracts smaller and narrower.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence an ample much-branched panicle with small sessile flower-clusters arranged spicately along the ultimate branches.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers greenish, 0.5–1.5 mm. in diameter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 3–5 (♀ flowers) 4–5 (hermaphrodite flowers), pubescent to glabrous, glandular, variably connate, smooth or very rarely keeled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4–5.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pericarp easily removed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds deep red-brown to blackish or shining, 0.5–1.25 (–1.5) mm. in diameter, bluntly keeled, testa under microscope almost smooth or shallowly and irregularly pitted, usually marked also with sinuose lines.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Naturalizada en Colombia; Alt. 50 - 3600 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
Preocupación Menor

[FZ]

Chenopodiaceae, J. P. M. Brenan. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Herb, usually annual, rarely a short-lived perennial, up to 180 cm. high, upright, much branched, green (? occasionally red-tinged), shortly and inconspicuously pubescent or puberulous, often with some longer hairs on stem, also with numerous yellowish sessile glands particularly on inferior side of leaves, strongly aromatic.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves mostly lanceolate, the inferior with several (to c.10) coarse irregular ascending teeth on each margin, 3–14 × 0.5–4.5 cm.; superior leaves becoming smaller narrower and linear-entire, bracts even smaller, down to 23 × 0.5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence an ample much branched pancile of small sessile clusters of flowers arranged spicately along the ultimate branches, all or some clusters bracteate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth-segments 3–5 (female flowers), 4–5 (unisexual flowers), pubescent to glabrous, glandular, variable connate, smooth and not at all dorsally keeled keeled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4–5.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Pericarp easily removed. Seeds deep red-brown, about 0.5–0.8 mm. in diam.; testa (see under microscope) almost smooth and with faintly impressed sinuouse lines.

[UPFC]
Distribution
Found in Boyacá, Colombia.

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Morphology General Habit
Herb.
Ecology
Alt. 50 - 3600 m.
Distribution
Naturalised in Colombia.

[UPFC]
Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.
Use Social
Social uses.

[UPB]
Use Food
Food (Cadena González 2010).
Use Food Food Additives
Used as a condiment (Florez-Cárdenas et al. 2010).
Use Materials Essential Oils
Used for essential oils (Florez-Cárdenas et al. 2010).
Use Materials Unspecified Materials Chemicals
Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Medicines Digestive System Disorders
Leaves and infructescences - Used in liquid medicines (Cadena González 2010). Stems - Used in liquid medicines in the treatment of stomach complaints (Cadena González 2010).
Use Medicines Infections & Infestations
Leaves and infructescences - Used in liquid medicines (Lagos-López 2007, Cadena González 2010). Used in the treatment of helminth worm infestations (Florez-Cárdenas et al. 2010). Stems - Used in liquid medicines (Lagos-López 2007, Cadena González 2010).

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arkansas, Aruba, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Florida, Georgia, Guatemala, Honduras, Louisiana, Maryland, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Nicaragua, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, South Carolina, Texas, Tristan da Cunha, Uruguay, Venezuela, Virginia

Introduced into:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Arizona, Ascension, Assam, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Bangladesh, Belgium, Benin, Bermuda, Botswana, Bulgaria, Burundi, California, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, Connecticut, Corse, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, Desventurados Is., District of Columbia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, Hungary, Illinois, India, Indiana, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, Korea, Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Madeira, Maine, Malawi, Marianas, Massachusetts, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Northwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Pennsylvania, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Rodrigues, Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sicilia, Sinai, Society Is., South Australia, South Dakota, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sulawesi, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Tubuai Is., Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Utah, Venezuelan Antilles, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Washington, West Himalaya, West Virginia, Western Australia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Spanish
Paico, epazote.

Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
May 1, 2018 Stevens, P.F. [51459], Papua New Guinea K000342369
May 1, 2018 Hartley, T.G. [13049], Papua New Guinea K000342370
Aug 12, 2015 Guichard, K.M. [13], Morocco Chenopodium ambrosioides K001035633
Aug 12, 2015 Gregg, J. [515], Mexico Chenopodium ambrosioides K001134127
May 1, 1999 Onana, J.-M. [495], Cameroon Chenopodium ambrosioides K000580141
Sep 23, 1904 s.c. [102] Chenopodium ambrosioides K001134122
Ash [886], Ethiopia Chenopodium ambrosioides 36453.000
Hildebrandt [3475], Madagascar Chenopodium ambrosioides K000243863
s.coll. [s.n.], Chile Chenopodium ambrosioides K000583166
s.c. [s.n.], Portugal Chenopodium ambrosioides K001134126
Melliss [s.n.], St. Helena Chenopodium ambrosioides K001134121
Burchell [8383/32], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001204996
Heringer, E.P. [11031], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001207009
Philcox, D. [4803], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001207010
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6956] Chenopodium ambrosioides K001126357
Harley, R.M. [11115], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001207005
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6956] Chenopodium ambrosioides K001126354
Rambo, B. [47069], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001207007
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6956] Chenopodium ambrosioides K001126353
Glaziou, A. [3085], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001204999
Tessmann, G. [6098], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001207003
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6956] Chenopodium ambrosioides K001126356
Traill, J. [s.n.], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001204993
Sellow [1473], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001204989
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6956] Chenopodium ambrosioides K001126355
Milne [s.n.], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001207001
MacGillivray, J. [293], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001205000
Steyermark, J.A. [112402], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001207012
Barros, C. [182], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001204998
Hellen, B. [8029/b] Chenopodium ambrosioides K001204994
Miers, J. [3401], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001204990
Burchell [1417], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001207270
Rambo, B. [46667], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001207006
Hooker, J.D. [26] Chenopodium ambrosioides K001134123
s.c. [s.n.], Algeria Chenopodium ambrosioides K001134124
Spruce [s.n.], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001204992
Traill, J.W.H. [698], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001204991
Ridley [122], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001207002
Prance, G.T. [29871], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001207004
Irwin, H.S. [14168], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001207008
P.J.M. [270], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001207011
Blanchet [s.n.], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001204997
Spruce [1851], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001204995
Sellow [3785], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001207269

First published in Ukrayins'k. Bot. Zhurn. 59: 382 (2002)

Accepted by

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  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Sukhorukov, A.P. & Kushunina, M. (2014). Taxonomic revision of Chenopodiaceae in Nepal Phytotaxa 191: 10-44.
  • Sukhorukov, A.P., Liu, P.L. & Kushunina, M. (2019). Taxonomic revision of Chenopodiaceae in Himalaya and Tibet PhytoKeys 116: 1-141.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) in Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2012). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 3(2): 1-623. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Van Steenis, C.G.G.J. (ed.) (1948-1954). Flora Malesiana 4: 1-631. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
  • Vladimirov, V., Dane, F., Matevski, V. & Kit Tan (2012). New floristic records in the Balkans: 18 Phytologia Balcanica 18: 69-92.
  • Vladimirov, V., Dane, F., Stevanovic, V. & Kit Tan (2013). New floristic records in the Balkans: 22 Phytologia Balcanica 19: 267-303.
  • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 1: 1-988. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Yan, X.L. & Ma, J.S. (2011). Nomenclatural notes on alien invasive vascular plants in China Plant Diversity and Resources 33: 132-142.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • de Moura Júnior, E.G. & al. (2015). Updated checklist of aquatic macrophytes from Northern Brazil Acta Amazonica 45: 111-132.
  • van Steenis, C.G.G.J. (ed.) (1974-1978). Flora Malesiana 8: 1-577. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Burkill HM. (1995). The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols. 1-3. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols 1-3.
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt. (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
  • PROTA (2021). Plants Resources of Tropical Africa. https://prota4u.org/database/
  • Plants for malaria, plants for fever: Medicinal species in Latin America, a bibliographic survey: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • RBG, Kew (2021). Kew Economic Botany Collection. https://ecbot.science.kew.org/
  • Willis, K.J. (ed.) (2017). State of the World’s Plants 2017. Report. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

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  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
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  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
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  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

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  • Kew Backbone Distributions

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  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

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  • Kew Science Photographs

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  • Plants and People Africa

    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
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  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

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