Microlepia speluncae (L.) T.Moore

First published in Index Fil.: 93 (1858)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tropics & Subtropics. It is a perennial or epiphyte and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Comoros, Cook Is., Cuba, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Hawaii, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kazan-retto, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Ogasawara-shoto, Paraguay, Philippines, Queensland, Réunion, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Extinct in:

Bermuda

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Chang, C.-S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2021). Checklist of Far East Asian Vascular Flora 1: 1-626. EABCN, Seoul.
  • Chen, C.-W. & al. (2022). An annotated checklist of lycophytes and ferns of the Solomon islands. The Fern Gazette 21: 292-419.
  • Ebihara, A. (2016). The standard of ferns and lycophytes in Japan. Nihonsan shida shokubutsu hyojun zukan 1: 1-475. Gakken Plus, Tokyo.
  • Fraser-Jenkins, C.R. & al. (2017). An Annotated Checklist of Indian Pteridophytes 1: 1-562. Dehra Dun : BSMPS.
  • Fraser-Jenkins, C.R. & al. (2018). An Annotated Checklist of Indian Pteridophytes 2: 1-573. Dehra Dun : BSMPS.
  • Gosline, G., Bidault, E., van der Burgt, X., Cahen, D., Challen, G., Condé, N., Couch, C., Couvreur, T.L.P., Dagallier, L.M.J., Darbyshire, I., Dawson, S., Doré, T.S., Goyder, D., Grall, A., Haba, P., Haba, P., Harris, D., Hind, D.J.N., Jongkind, & al. (2023). A Taxonomically-verified and Vouchered Checklist of the Vascular Plants of the Republic of Guinea. Nature, scientific data 10, Article number: 327: [1]-[12].
  • Hsu, T.C., Chen, C.W., Knapp, R. & Hung, H.C. (2019). Ferns and Lycophytes I. The illustrated flora of Taiwan. Tai wan yuan sheng zhi wu quan tu jian 8(1): 1-448. Tai bei shi : Mao tou ying chu ban : Jia ting chuan mei cheng bang fen gong si fa xing.
  • Kitalong, A.H., DeMeo, R.A. & Holm, T. (2008). Native Trees Palau. A field guide: 1-236.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Plunkett, G.M., Ranker, T.A., Sam, C. & Balick, M.J. (2022). Towards a checklist of the vascular flora of Vanuatu. Candollea 77: 105-118.
  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). World Ferns: Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.
  • Singh, S.K. & al. (2023). Pteridophytes of Meghalaya. A pictorial guide: 1-246. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Ebihara, A. (2016). The standard of ferns and lycophytes in Japan. Nihonsan shida shokubutsu hyojun zukan 1: 1-475. Gakken Plus, Tokyo.
  • Fraser-Jenkins, C.R. & al. (2018). An Annotated Checklist of Indian Pteridophytes 2: 1-573. Dehra Dun : BSMPS.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jul 1, 2005 Afriastini, J.J. [B1-29] Indonesia K000446921 No
Jul 1, 2005 Afriastini, J.J. [B1-29] Indonesia K000446919 No
Jul 1, 2005 Afriastini, J.J. [B1-29] Indonesia K000446920 No
Jul 1, 2005 Afriastini, J.J. [B1-29] Indonesia K000446922 No
Mar 1, 2004 Majuakim, L. [63] Malaysia K000473069 No
Mar 1, 2004 Majuakim, L. [63] Malaysia K000473068 No
Aug 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [2745] Cameroon K000109140 No
Jan 1, 2001 Williams, S. [67] Cameroon K000541099 No
Jan 1, 1998 Thomas, D.W. [9144] Cameroon K000085209 No
Jan 1, 1998 Sidwell, K. [125] Cameroon K000085208 No
Jan 1, 1998 Sidwell, K. [125] Cameroon K000085207 No
Apr 15, 1997 Sands, M.J.S. [6159] Indonesia K000492073 No
Apr 15, 1997 Sands, M.J.S. [6159] Indonesia K000492074 No
Apr 15, 1997 Sands, M.J.S. [6159] Indonesia K000492075 No
May 20, 1994 Edwards, P.J. [3573] Malaysia K:SPC-67068.000 No
Jan 1, 1994 Thomas, D.W. [9928] Cameroon K000541106 No
Jan 1, 1993 Wheatley, J.I. [97] Cameroon K000541103 No
Jan 1, 1993 Wheatley, J.I. [97] Cameroon K000541104 No
Jul 30, 1987 Du Puy, D.J.; Du Puy, B.P. [CI36] Christmas Island K000446677 No
Jul 30, 1987 Du Puy, D.J.; Du Puy, B.P. [CI36] Christmas Island K000446678 No
Jul 30, 1987 Du Puy, D.J.; Du Puy, B.P. [CI70] Christmas Island K000448299 No
Jul 30, 1987 Du Puy, D.J.; Du Puy, B.P. [CI70] Christmas Island K000448301 No
Jul 30, 1987 Ridley, H.N. [187] Christmas Island K000448307 No
Jul 30, 1987 Du Puy, D.J.; Du Puy, B.P. [CI70] Christmas Island K000448300 No
Jul 30, 1987 Molesworth Allen, B.E.G. [P5] Christmas Island K000448302 No
Jul 30, 1987 Ridley, H.N. [187] Christmas Island K000448306 No
Jul 30, 1987 Molesworth Allen, B.E.G. [P5] Christmas Island K000448303 No
Jul 23, 1986 Williams, R.S. [140] Philippines K000473538 No
Jul 23, 1986 Sulit, M.D.; Conklin, H.C. [16686] Philippines K000473556 No
Jul 23, 1986 Matthew, C.G. [s.n.] Philippines K000473537 No
Oct 18, 1984 Woodhams, J.R. [22] K000492079 No
Oct 18, 1984 Woodhams, J.R. [22] K000492080 No
Oct 18, 1984 Woodhams, J.R. [22] K000492078 No
Oct 18, 1984 Woodhams, J.R. [22] K000492077 No
Jul 1, 1983 Ridley, H.N. [13437] Malaysia K000446148 No
Jul 1, 1983 Ridley, H.N. [1860] Malaysia K000446144 No
Jul 1, 1983 Anonymous [14220] Malaysia K000446127 No
Jul 1, 1983 Anonymous [14220] Malaysia K000446128 No
Jul 1, 1983 Curtis, C. [3061] Malaysia K000451598 No
Jul 1, 1983 Ridley, H.N. [7855] Malaysia K000446151 No
Jul 1, 1983 Hose, G.F. [s.n.] Malaysia K000451595 No
Jul 1, 1983 Haniff, Md.; Nur, Md. [10147] Malaysia K000446119 No
Jul 1, 1983 Anonymous [14220] Malaysia K000446129 No
Jul 1, 1983 Ridley, H.N. [8139] Malaysia K000446146 No
Jul 1, 1983 Ridley, H.N. [7855] Malaysia K000446150 No
Jul 1, 1983 Ridley, H.N. [13437] Malaysia K000446147 No
May 19, 1982 Powell, D.A.; Chey, H.K. [461] Christmas Island K000448304 No
May 19, 1982 Powell, D.A.; Chey, H.K. [461] Christmas Island K000448305 No
Jul 8, 1959 Quisumbing, E. [M77] Philippines K000473555 No
Jul 8, 1959 Quisumbing, E. [M77] Philippines K000473554 No
Jul 7, 1959 Quisumbing, E. [M260] Philippines K000473553 No
Jul 6, 1959 Quisumbing, E. [M107] Philippines K000473550 No
Jul 6, 1959 Quisumbing, E. [M107] Philippines K000473549 No
Jul 4, 1959 Quisumbing, E. [M487] Philippines K000473551 No
Jul 4, 1959 Quisumbing, E. [M487] Philippines K000473552 No
Feb 8, 1958 Buwalda, P. [5986] Indonesia K000473078 No
Jan 1, 1958 Borssum Waalkes, J., van [3258] Indonesia K000446927 No
Feb 1, 1956 Royen, P., van [3216] Indonesia K000492081 No
Jan 1, 1931 Docters van Leeuwen, W.M. [10480] Indonesia K000492085 No
Jan 1, 1928 Posthumus, O. [1362] Indonesia K000448322 No
Jan 1, 1915 Korthals, P.W. [s.n.] Indonesia K000446676 No
Jaman, R.; Zainudin [PL87] Malaysia K000451597 No
Gwynne Vaughan, D. [570] Malaysia K000446124 No
Price, M.G. [1553] Philippines K000448657 No
Kato, M.; Ueda, K.; Okamoto, M. [5965] Indonesia K000473076 No
Vore, de; Hoover [373] Philippines K000473548 No
Vriese, W.H., de [302] Indonesia K000446916 No
Kato, M.; Wiriadinata, H. [6905] Indonesia K000446930 No
Mitchell, B.A. [46] Christmas Island K000446680 No
Elmer, A.D.E. [22237] Philippines K000448658 No
Smith, C. [s.n.] Indonesia K000473081 Syntype Yes
Turnau, E.A. [877] Malaysia K000446139 No
Bélanger, C. [s.n.] Indonesia K000448314 No
Moseley, H.N. [s.n.] Indonesia K000492082 No
Beccari, O. [436] Indonesia K000446674 No
Kostermans [18141] Indonesia K000446923 No
Schodde, R. [2638] K000492196 No
Anonymous [s.n.] Malaysia K000446131 No
Price, M.G. [1553] Philippines K000448656 No
Vogel, E.F., de [1725] Indonesia K000407742 No
Gideon, O.G. [76991] K000492192 No
Comber, H.F. [4073] Malaysia K000473061 No
Parris, B.S.; Edwards, P.J. [10357] Malaysia K000446143 No
Parris, B.S. [10675] Malaysia K000473052 No
Kiah [35403] Malaysia K000451604 No
Copeland, E.B. [665] Philippines K000473546 No
Anonymous [14762] Malaysia K000451606 No
Motley, J. [12] K000446929 No
Sinclair, J.; Tassim, K., bin [10392] Malaysia K000473055 No
Croft, J.R. [836] K000492201 No
Anonymous [14762] Malaysia K000451603 No
Parris, B.S.; Croxall, J.P. [8951] Malaysia K000473073 No
Piggott, A.G. [2802] Malaysia K000446153 No
Blume, C.L. [s.n.] Indonesia K000446914 No
Schiffner, V. [s.n.] Indonesia K000446915 No
Elmer, A.D.E. [20868] Malaysia K000473075 No
Jongkind, C.C.H.; Sambolah, G. [13654] Liberia K001519166 Yes
Jaeger, P. [7.307] Sierra Leone K001519067 Yes
Sita, P. [1685] Congo, Republic of the K001553584 Yes
Braithwaite, A.F. [2558] Vanuatu K001765109 Yes
Braithwaite, A.F. [2558] Vanuatu K001765110 Yes
Braithwaite, A.F. [2171] Vanuatu K001765102 Yes
Fernandez Casas, J. ; Carvalho, M. [12123] Equatorial Guinea K001519450 No
Fernandez Casas, J. ; Carvalho, M.F. [11454] Equatorial Guinea K001519446 No
Henderson, M.R. [22723] Malaysia K000446138 No
Jaman, R.; Zainudin [PL87] Malaysia K000451596 No
Hennipman, E. [5736] Indonesia K000473080 No
Carr, C.E. [11291] K000492200 No
Savinierre, E., de la [152] Indonesia K000473079 No
Mitchell, B.A. [46] Christmas Island K000446679 No
Argent; Ratter; Leopold; Dongop; Kumin [107664] Malaysia K000473050 No
Elmer, A.D.E. [17961] Philippines K000473535 No
Griffith, W. [s.n.] Malaysia K000446158 No
Croft, J.R. [836] K000492203 No
Kato, M.; Ueda, K.; Okamoto, M. [5965] Indonesia K000473077 No
Ramos, M.:, Edaño, G. [30834] Philippines K000473561 No
Kostermans; Wirawan [5] Indonesia K000446926 No
Price, M.G. [1553] Philippines K000448655 No
Parris, B.S.; Edwards, P.J. [10357] Malaysia K000446141 No
Croft, J.R. [2082] K000492206 No
Hose, E.S.; Hose, G. [5049] Malaysia K000446157 No
Edaño, G.E.:, Gutierrez, H. [38557] Philippines K000473534 No
Parris, B.S.; Edwards, P.J. [10357] Malaysia K000446142 No
Parris, B.S.; Croxall, J.P. [3945] K000492198 No
Elmer, A.D.E. [6431] Philippines K000473540 No
Parris, B.S. [11418] Malaysia K000473053 No
Anonymous [14762] Malaysia K000451602 No
Gwynne Vaughan, D. [570] Malaysia K000446125 No
Winterbottom [s.n.] Indonesia K000448316 No
Parris, B.S.; Edwards, P.J. [10369] Malaysia K000446133 No
Raciborski, M. [s.n.] Indonesia K000448323 No
Jaman, R.; Zainudin [PL8] Malaysia K000451600 No
Maingay, A.C. [1752] Malaysia K000446160 No
Vriese, W.H., de [308] Indonesia K000448318 No
Kiah [35403] Malaysia K000451605 No
Dr. King's Collector [992] Malaysia K000446130 No
Ridley, H.N. [7856] Malaysia K000446149 No
[s.n.] Malaysia K000451599 No
Copeland, E.B. [36] Philippines K000473536 No
Matthew, C.G. [s.n.] Philippines K000473542 No
Comber, H.F. [4073] Malaysia K000473060 No
Croft, J.R. [407] K000492191 No
Kostermans [18141] Indonesia K000446924 No
Gwynne Vaughan, D. [570] Malaysia K000446123 No
Iwatsuki, k.; Kato, M.; Murata, G.; Mogea, Y.P. [3407] Indonesia K000446935 No
Parris, B.S. [11418] Malaysia K000473054 No
Edwards, P.J. [s.n.] Malaysia K000473067 No
Elmer, A.D.E. [16090] Philippines K000473539 No
Parris, B.S.; Croxall, J.P. [3945] K000492197 No
Anonymous [s.n.] Philippines K000473559 No
Moseley, H.N. [s.n.] Philippines K000473562 No
Parris, B.S. [10675] Malaysia K000473051 No
Yapp, R.H. [125] Malaysia K000446120 No
Croft, J.R. [1700] K000492189 No
Matthew, C.G. [s.n.] Indonesia K000448311 No
Schlechter, F.R.R. [14142] Indonesia K000492187 No
Henderson, M.R. [22631] Malaysia K000446121 No
Matthew, C.G. [s.n.] Indonesia K000448310 No
Burke [s.n.] South Africa K000350989 Syntype Yes
Prout, J.W. [s.n.] K000446928 No
Murata, G.; Kato, M.; Mogea, Y.P. [225] Indonesia K000446934 No
Piggott, A.G. [2734] Malaysia K000446135 No
Fitzgerald, W. [50] K000492195 No
Comber, H.F. [4137] Malaysia K000473059 No
Beccari, O. [437] Indonesia K000446673 No
Dr. King's Collector [8391] Malaysia K000451608 No
Buwalda, P. [7273] Indonesia K000448320 No
Winterbottom [s.n.] Indonesia K000448308 No
Dransfield, J.; Saerudin, D. [2279] Indonesia K000446936 No
Shim, P.S. [132538] Malaysia K000473064 No
Gwynne Vaughan, D. [570] Malaysia K000446122 No
Shim, P.S. [132538] Malaysia K000473066 No
Teysmann, J.E. [2441] Indonesia K000446675 No
Parris, B.S. [6923] Malaysia K000473056 No
Clemens, J.; Clemens, M.S. [27672] Malaysia K000473070 No
Kato, M.; Wiriadinata, H. [6905] Indonesia K000446931 No
Native Collector [4951] Malaysia K000451601 No
Ernst, A. [s.n.] Malaysia K000451594 No
Hose, E.S.; Hose, G. [5049] Malaysia K000446156 No
Cuming, H. [s.n.] Philippines K000473545 No
Piggott, A.G. [1937] Malaysia K000446155 No
Merrill, E.D. [2265] Philippines K000473544 No
Iwatsuki, k.; Murata, G.; Kato, M.; Mogea, Y.P. [505] Indonesia K000446932 No
Murata, G.; Kato, M.; Mogea, Y.P. [225] Indonesia K000446933 No
Carter [16] Indonesia K000448312 No
Burbidge, F.W. [s.n.] Malaysia K000473074 No
Comber, H.F. [4137] Malaysia K000473058 No
Piggott, A.G. [2734] Malaysia K000446136 No
Mitchell, B.A. [46] Christmas Island K000446681 No
Gideon, O.G. [76991] K000492193 No
Dr. King's Collector [1745] Malaysia K000446132 No
Matthew, C.G. [s.n.] Indonesia K000448309 No
Shim, P.S. [132538] Malaysia K000473063 No
Blume, C.L. [s.n.] Indonesia K000446918 No
Dr. King's Collector [8391] Malaysia K000451607 No
Croft, J.R. [1700] K000492188 No
Mousset, J.P. [71] Indonesia K000448319 No
Parris, B.S.; Edwards, P.J. [10369] Malaysia K000446134 No
Burkill, I.H. [11869] Malaysia K000446152 No
Millett, C. [s.n.] Indonesia K000446917 No
Parris, B.S.; Croxall, J.P. [8951] Malaysia K000473072 No
Holttum, R.E. [24705] Malaysia K000446140 No
Elmer, A.D.E. [11741] Philippines K000473533 No
Parris, B.S.; Croxall, J.P. [7642] Indonesia K000448321 No
Anonymous [s.n.] Philippines K000473560 No
Croft, J.R. [2082] K000492205 No
Ernst, A. [1110] Malaysia K000446145 No
Lobb, T. [s.n.] Indonesia K000448315 No
Harvey, W.H. [s.n.] K000492083 No
Parris, B.S.; Croxall, J.P. [8353] K000492076 No
Elmer, A.D.E. [12389] Philippines K000473558 No
Norris, W. [s.n.] Singapore K000446161 No
Dransfield, J.; Saerudin, D. [2279] Indonesia K000446937 No
Gaudichaud-Beaupré, C. [s.n.] Philippines K000473543 No
Croft, J.R. [407] K000492190 No
Comber, H.F. [4073] Malaysia K000473062 No
Henderson, M.R. [25210] Malaysia K000446137 No
Ridley, H.N. [14220] Malaysia K000451610 No
Argent; Ratter; Leopold; Dongop; Kumin [107664] Malaysia K000473049 No
Croft, J.R. [2082] K000492204 No
Vogel, E.F., de [1725] Indonesia K000407743 No
Gideon, O.G. [76991] K000492194 No
Elmer, A.D.E. [10992] Philippines K000473547 No
Meyen, F.J.E. [s.n.] Philippines K000473541 No
Brown, S.; Britton, N.L. [266] Bermuda K000912453 Type Yes
Beccari, O. [s.n.] K000492084 No
Matthew, C.G. [s.n.] Malaysia K000451609 No
Comber, H.F. [4137] Malaysia K000473057 No
Dr. King's Collector [8661] Malaysia K000451611 No
Croft, J.R. [836] K000492202 No
Teysmann, J.E. [10677] Indonesia K000446925 No
Parris, B.S. [5688] Philippines K000448659 No
Piggott, A.G. [1463] Malaysia K000446154 No
Kiah [37235] Malaysia K000446159 No
Shim, P.S. [132538] Malaysia K000473065 No
Merrill, E.D. [485] Philippines K000473557 No
Vriese, W.H., de [291] Indonesia K000448313 No
Raciborski, M. [s.n.] Indonesia K000448317 No
Corner, E.J.H. [30517] Malaysia K000446126 No
Parris, B.S.; Croxall, J.P. [8951] Malaysia K000473071 No
MacGregor, W. [90] K000492199 No
Jan 1, 1976 Holttum, R.E. [s.n.] Microlepia trichosticha K000491027 No
Jan 1, 1976 Holttum, R.E.; Womersley, J.S. [s.n.] Microlepia trichosticha K000491029 No
Jan 1, 1976 Holttum, R.E.; Womersley, J.S. [s.n.] Microlepia trichosticha K000491030 No
Jan 1, 1976 Holttum, R.E.; Womersley, J.S. [s.n.] Microlepia trichosticha K000491028 No
Nov 1, 1974 Woodhams, J.R. [23] Microlepia trichosticha K000472456 No
Nov 1, 1974 Woodhams, J.R. [16] Microlepia trichosticha K000472459 No
Nov 1, 1974 Woodhams, J.R. [23] Microlepia trichosticha K000472455 No
Nov 1, 1974 Woodhams, J.R. [16] Microlepia trichosticha K000472461 No
Nov 1, 1974 Woodhams, J.R. [16] Microlepia trichosticha K000472460 No
Nov 1, 1974 Woodhams, J.R. [23] Microlepia trichosticha K000472458 No
Nov 1, 1974 Woodhams, J.R. [23] Microlepia trichosticha K000472457 No
Jan 1, 1918 Blume, C.L. [s.n.] Indonesia Microlepia trichosticha K000448554 No
Cuming, H. [7] Philippines Microlepia trichosticha K000474330 Type Yes
Edaño, G.E. [40507] Philippines Microlepia trichosticha K000474329 No
Zahn, H. [s.n.] Microlepia trichosticha K000491025 No
Parris, B.S.; Croxall, J.P. [3949] Microlepia trichosticha K000472462 No
Parris, B.S.; Croxall, J.P. [3949] Microlepia trichosticha K000472464 No
Zahn, H. [s.n.] Microlepia trichosticha K000491026 No
Parris, B.S.; Croxall, J.P. [3949] Microlepia trichosticha K000472463 No
Cuming, H. [328] Philippines Microlepia trichosticha K000474331 Type Yes
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 264] Burma Davallia virens K001109668 Unknown Type Material Yes
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 7075] Alsophila grevilleana K001126696 Unknown Type Material Yes
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 7075] Alsophila grevilleana K001126695 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 338] Nepal Aspidium puberum K001109849 Unknown Type Material Yes
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 263] Bangladesh Davallia pilosula K001109667 Unknown Type Material Yes
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 263] Bangladesh Davallia pilosula K001109666 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 263] Nepal Davallia pilosula K001109665 Unknown Type Material Yes
Holttum, R.E. [23509] Malaysia Microlepia pilosula K000451577 No
Holttum, R.E. [23509] Malaysia Microlepia pilosula K000451578 No

Sources

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images