Aeonium Webb & Berthel.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, SW. Morocco, NE. & E. Tropical Africa to SW. Arabian Peninsula.

[FTEA]

Crassulaceae, G.E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Erect perennial shrubs, mostly branched, or perennial, rarely biennial herbs with horizontal offsets
Morphology Stem
Stems usually woody, at least near the base
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate or spirally arranged, entire, fleshy, usually ciliate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicles cymose or thyrsoid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 6–12-merous, yellow, whitish, pink or red
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx ± cupuliform, 6–12-fid, green, fleshy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals as many as the calyx segments, longer than the stamens
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens twice as many as the petals, the epipetalous stamens shorter than the others
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Nectaries
Nectary scales small, ± quadrate or obcordate, rarely absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels equal in number to the petals, slightly immersed in the base of the receptacle.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Perennial shrubs or herbs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, crowded in rosettes, entire, usually with ciliate to pectinate margin
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in terminal panicles, 6–12-merous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx deeply lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals free
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens twice as many as petals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Nectaries
Nectary scales small
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Follicles many-seeded.
Distribution
About 80 species, mainly in the Canary Islands and Madeira, with two of the species in Morocco and the following in tropical Africa and Arabia.

Doubtfully present in:

Djibouti

Native to:

Canary Is., Cape Verde, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madeira, Morocco, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen

Introduced into:

Algeria, Baleares, California, Corse, East Aegean Is., France, Great Britain, Greece, Italy, Juan Fernández Is., New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Portugal, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Tunisia

Aeonium Webb & Berthel. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Pickering, H.C. [H1046/58], Spain 25258.000 No
Pickering 32020.000 No
Greenway, Tanzania 38990.000 No
Bramwell, Spain 43458.000 No
Greenway [s.n.], Tanzania 54505.000 No

First published in Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries 3(2; 1): 184 (1840)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Liu, National Museum of Natural Science, Taiwan, Special publ. 3 (1989).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Hist. Nat. Iles Canar. 3(1): 184 (1840)

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images