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This species is accepted, and its native range is N. & NE. Somalia.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Type
Somalia, without precise locality, Playfair s.n. (K lecto.) Plate 4 B.
Vernacular
Yagar, yagcar (the tree); maidi, meydi (the gum-resin, but sometimes also used for the tree).
Morphology General Habit
Tree up to 8 m tall, the trunk base swollen and often disk-shaped; resin copious, milky, drying yellowish; twigs stout
Morphology General Bark
Bark pale yellowish-brown with outer flaking papery layers and a thick reddish-brown inner layer
Morphology Leaves
Leaves oblanceolate in outline, subglabrous, but usually with minute glandular hairs and a few longer eglandular hairs on the rhachis, 10–30 cm long, including a 1–5 cm long petiole, 9–15-foliolate or occasionally simple; leaflets undulate, entire or sinuate or with some irregular crenations on each side, truncate to cordate at the base, obtuse at the apex, usually ovate-orbicular, up to 5 x 3 cm or rarely larger, less often elliptic-oblong, with a slightly prominent network of veins beneath
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers in dense glabrous to pubescent raceme-like thyrses 10–30 cm long, half being peduncle, lateral branchlets rarely over 5 mm long; pedicels 1–3(–4) mm long; bracts 1.5–6 mm long or the lower ones leaf-like
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Calyx c. 2 mm long, glabrous or pubescent; petals reddish or greenish-red, 3.5–5 x 1.5–2.5 mm; filaments glabrous, c. 1.5 mm long, linear but widened at the base; disk saucer-shaped, yellowish, greenish or purplish
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit (5–)6(–8)-celled, 5.5–9 x 3–7 mm, pear-shaped, glabrous; stones trigonous, narrowing to both ends and sometimes shouldered in the upper part, often slightly winged.
Distribution
N2, 3 not known elsewhere.
Ecology
Altitude range 5–750(–1000) m.

[FSOM]
Use
The gum-resin of B. frereana is, apart from its use as frankincense, also chewed and used in traditional medicine. It is a major export commodity from Somalia.

Native to:

Somalia

Boswellia frereana Birdw. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Peck, E.F. [1 & 2], Somalia 21885.000
Birdwood [s.n.] K000199596
Playfair [s.n.], Somalia K000199598
Playfair [s.n.], Somalia K000199597
Birdwood [3], Somalia K000199595

First published in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 27: 146 (1870)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
  • Thulin, M. (2020). The genus Boswellia (Burseraceae). The Frankincense trees Symbolae Botanicae Upsalienses; Arbeten Fran Botaniska Institutionen i Uppsala 39: 1-149.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Thulin & Warfa in Kew Bull. 42: 494–497 (1987).

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0