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This species is accepted, and its native range is Madagascar (Nosy Bé).
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium


Burseraceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Laxly branched deciduous tree up to 12 (30) m. tall; bark brown, rough, fissured; branches spreading; crown round; young branches, petiole, leaf-rhachis and branches of inflorescence covered with a ferruginous or greyish-ferruginous indumentum of simple hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves up to 25 (55) cm. long; petiole up to c. 7 cm. long; leaflets 4–5 (9)-jugate, up to 12 (16) × 4 (5·5) cm., the lower pairs smaller, ovate-oblong to oblong, apex bluntly acuminate, margins entire or undulate, base rounded, glabrous or almost so on both sides except for the midrib which is densely pilose below; nerves slightly raised below; petiolules c. 1·2 cm. long, hairy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in laxly paniculate inflorescences up to 20 cm. long (female inflorescence smaller), with clusters of 6–15 flowers in cymose glomerules; outer bracts broad and very caducous, inner bracts c. 3 mm. long, linear, ferruginous-pubescent; pedicels 1 (6) mm. long, calyx 2–3 mm. long, campanulate, shortly and obtusely lobed to about 1/3 of the way or less, densely ferruginous-pubescent outside, glabrous within. Female flowers not seen.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals c. 5 × 3 mm., oblong, keeled, apex mucronulate, pubescent outside, glabrous within.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2–3 mm. long, with thickened filaments tapering to the apex, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk annular, very small.
sex Female
Female flowers not seen.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit up to 4·5 × 2·3 cm., ovoid-ellipsoid, plum-like; endocarp almost as large as the fruit, ovoid-ellipsoid and somewhat trigonous.


Burseraceae, J.B. Gillett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

A large spreading tree, differing from C. schweinfurthii in its fewer leaflets, with ± 9 pairs of principal lateral veins on longer petiolules, and in its much smaller flowers in spreading panicles ± as broad as they are long. The stone of the fruit has less sharp angles than that of C. schweinfurthii and has 3 minor ridges between each of the angles instead of one only as illustrated by Kabuye in Utafiti 1(2), fig. 1/9 (1988), Fig. 1/9, p.3.
Rare in forest remnants on sandy soil in shallow river valleys; 5–300 m.; rainfall ± 1000 mm.
T3 T6

Native to:


Canarium madagascariense Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 16, 1998 Gautier, L. [2697], Madagascar K000382901
May 21, 1988 Bernier, J. [s.n.], Madagascar K000382910
Gautier, L. [3451], Madagascar K000382900
Faber-Langendoen, D. [2863], Madagascar K000382904
s.coll. [31], Madagascar K000382907
Noyes, R.D. [966], Madagascar K000382902
Noyes, R.D. [966], Madagascar K000382903
Schatz, G.E. [1807], Madagascar K000382911
Barnett, L.C. [359], Madagascar K000382909
Rakotondrajaona, R. [152], Madagascar K000382897
Gentry, A.H. [11735], Madagascar K000382908
Labat, J.-.N. [2262], Madagascar K000382905
Greve [74], Madagascar K000382906 Unknown type material
Antilahimena, P. [235], Madagascar K000382898

First published in Candolle & Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 4: 111 (1883)

Accepted by

  • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Gillett, J.B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Burseraceae: 1-94.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.


Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Daly, D.C., Raharimampionona, J. & Federman, S. (2015). A revision of Canarium L. (Burseraceae) in Madagascar Adansonia, sér. 3, 37: 277-345.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Engl. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 4: 111 (1883).
  • Leenh. in Blumea 9: 377 (1959).
  • Perrier in Fl. Madag. 106: 43, fig. 10 (1946).
  • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 283 (1963).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.