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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Burseraceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Tree up to 30 (45) m. tall (but often less in our area); bark grey, rough; crown flattish and much branched; young branches densely ferruginous-pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves up to 50 cm. long; petiole up to c. 5 cm. long, ferruginous-pubescent; rhachis and petiole flattened above, semicircular in section below, often slightly winged at the edges towards the base; leaflets 8–12 (23)-jugate, up to 15 (18) × 4 (5·5) cm., oblong, apex acuminate, margins entire, base cordate, sparsely pubescent or glabrescent above, ± densely hairy beneath, especially on the nerves, nerves and veins moderately prominent above, more prominent below; petiolules 1–5 mm. long, densely pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in dense panicles up to 30 cm. long; branches of inflorescence ferruginous-tomentellous; bracts caducous, 1–2 cm. long, ovate-triangular to lanceolate-triangular, ferruginously tomentellous; pedicels 1–5 mm. long, ferruginously tomentellous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx c. 1 cm. long, infundibuliform, lobed about 1/2-way, ferruginous-tomentellous outside and within.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 0·6–1·2 cm. long, lanceolate, keeled, greyish-tomentellous outside, glabrous within.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens with filaments c. 0·4 mm. long, inserted on the cylindric disk, glabrous; anthers oblong (in female flowers c. 2 mm. long, with the thecae sparsely pubescent).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk cylindric, pubescent in male flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary ovoid to obconic, glabrous; style c. 2 mm. long; stigma 3-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit purplish, up to 4 × 2 cm., plum-like, ellipsoid, usually mucronulate; endocarp almost as long as the fruit, hard and trigonously spindle-shaped.

[FTEA]

Burseraceae, J.B. Gillett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Tree up to 40 m. tall with a massive straight cylindrical trunk and widely spreading branches; bark grey, rough; young branches ferruginous-pubescent, soon glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves up to 50 cm. long; petiole up to ± 5 cm., flattened above, slightly winged at the base, like the rhachis and petiolules ferruginous-pubescent, sometimes sparsely so; stipules oblong-spathulate, inserted on the petiole well above the base, enclosing the terminal bud, very caducous; petiolules 1–6 mm. long; leaflets 17–25(–45), stiff, entire, dark brownish green when dry, oblong, cordate at the base, acute-acuminate at the apex, sparsely pubescent or glabrescent above, more densely pubescent beneath, especially on the nerves, up to 15(–18) cm. long × 4(–5.5) cm. wide; primary lateral nerves in ± 15 pairs; nerve network dense, prominent beneath, less so above.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicles dense, ferruginous-tomentellous, less than 4 cm. wide, up to 30 cm. long, including a peduncle of up to 12 cm.; pedicels 1–5 mm. long, lengthening to 15 mm. in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx up to 10 mm. long, funnel-shaped, lobed about halfway, ferruginous tomentellous without and within.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals creamy white, up to 12 mm. long, lanceolate, keeled, greyish-tomentellous outside, glabrous within.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens inserted on the pubescent tubular disc; anthers, filaments and disc each ± 2 mm. long in ♂ flowers, ± half as long in the ♀.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary (absent in ♂ flowers) ovoid, glabrous; style ± 2 mm. long; stigma subglobose, 3-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit purplish, ellipsoid, up to 4 cm. long and 2 cm. wide; stone trigonous-spindle-shaped, nearly as long as the fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Cotyledons divided into 3 linear-elliptic leaflets, each of the 2 lateral leaflets deeply bifid; first foliage leaves oblong, entire.
Figures
Fig. 1/1–8.
Habitat
In cleared forests, rare except by lakes, in drier areas chiefly near rivers; often an isolated tree on cleared ground; 1000–1600 m.; rainfall 900–1400 mm.
Distribution
Senegal to S. Sudan and possibly SW. Ethiopia (but not N. Ethiopia, see note), S. to Angola and Zambia T1 T4 U1 U2 U3 U4

[FWTA]

Burseraceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A large forest tree, to 120 ft. high
Morphology Trunk
Very slight blunt buttresses
Morphology General Exudate
Cut bark copiously exuding gum which solidifies to a whitish resin
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers creamy white
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Ripe fruits purplish, plum-like, containing a hard spindle-shaped, trigonous “stone.”

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

Canarium schweinfurthii Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 1, 2005 Cheek, M. [11145], Cameroon K000199837
Jan 1, 1955 Guillaumin, A. [s.n.] K000425290 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1955 Schweinfurth, G. [3324] K000425291 Unknown type material
Brenan, J.P.M., Nigeria 21886.000
Styles, B.T. [350], Uganda 25694.035

First published in A.L.P.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 4: 145 (1883)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
  • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Gillett, J.B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Burseraceae: 1-94.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Aubrév. Fl. For. C. Iv. 2: 10, t. 170
  • Chev. Bot. 111
  • Kennedy For. Fl. S. Nig. 154.
  • in DC. Monogr. Burserac. 145 (1883)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Burkill, Useful Pl. W. Trop. Afr., ed. 2, 1: 301 (1985).
  • Engl. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 4: 145 (1883)
  • Engl., Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(1): 781, fig. 367 (1915).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 323 (1952).
  • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 173 (1962).
  • Gilg. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile B: 412 & C: 230 (1895)
  • Hamilton, Ug. For. Trees: 210 (1981).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 78 (1949).
  • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 697 (1958).
  • Leenh. in Blumea 9: 382, fig. 20 (1959).
  • Troupin in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 7: 144 (1958).
  • Vollesen in Fl. Eth. 3: 442 (1990).
  • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 51, photo. 6 (1952).
  • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 283, t. 53 (1963).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0