Commiphora schimperi (O.Berg) Engl.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to S. Africa, Arabian Peninsula.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree, 2–6 m tall, spiny, glabrous or almost so throughout; bark yellowish to grey, peeling in small flakes; young branchlets glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3-foliolate, glabrous or with fairly long hairs at the base of the leaflets and on the petiole; petiole c. 5–35 mm long; middle leaflet obovate or rhombic, 7–35 x 8–25 mm, cuneate-attenuate at the base, rounded to acute at the apex, with margins deeply crenate usually above the middle on each side; lateral leaflets smaller than the middle one
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers produced before the leaves, glabrous, the male flowers many together in dense clusters, the female 1–6 together on c. 1 mm long pedicels
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx c. 3 mm long, shortly lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4–5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits ovoid to ellipsoid, 10–15 x 7–8 mm, acute and often distinctly beaked at the apex; pericarp 2-valved; pseudaril almost entirely covering the rugose stone; stone c. 8 x 5 mm.
Distribution
N1; C2; S1 East Africa
Ecology
Altitude range 225–1800 m.
Vernacular
Wano (Somali-N).

[FZ]

Burseraceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small bushy tree, spiny, quite glabrous except for a few brown hairs at the apex and base of the petioles; bark smooth, peeling in yellowish strips.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3-foliolate; petiole up to 2·5 cm. long; terminal leaflet up to 2·6 × 1·4 cm., narrowly obovate or obovate, apex acute (often truncate to the north of our area), base gradually cuneate; lateral leaflets about half the size of the terminal ones, broadly obovate or ovate, apex acute, base broadly cuneate; margin of all leaflets coarsely crenate in the upper half.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers appearing before the leaves in axillary abbreviated clusters, often borne on the spines; pedicels c. 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 1·5 mm. long, lobed to 1/3-way or less.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals c. 3·5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments subterete.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk-lobes 4, ± bifid at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits c. 1·3 × 0·8 cm., ellipsoid to m globose, slightly apiculate at the apex; pseudaril apparently absent; endocarp c. 0·75 × 0·5 cm., ellipsoid, lumpy-rugose, with one face very deeply convex and the other shallowly so.

[FTEA]

Burseraceae, J.B. Gillett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Almost glabrous shrub or small tree 2–6 m. tall; trunk cylindrical; outer bark peeling in dull yellow or grey flakes from the green under-bark; slash pale or reddish, smooth; exudate usually sparse, ± aromatic, producing a hard yellowish gum-resin; both long- and short-shoots usually spine-tipped, young twigs glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves all 3-foliolate, often glabrous but sometimes with rather long flexuous golden hairs at the bases of the leaflets and the petiole which is usually about as long as the central leaflet but sometimes, especially on short-shoots, much longer and sometimes on long-shoots much shorter; terminal leaflet obovate or rhombic, rounded or pointed, cuneate-attenuate at the base, 7–35 mm. long, 8–22 mm. wide, with 3–6 deep crenations usually above the middle on each side; lateral leaflets usually similar in shape but 1/3–2/3 as long, sometimes almost orbicular with a wide basal angle and with teeth nearer the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers greenish yellow, precocious, glabrous, the ♂ 20–40 together in dense clusters of very short cymes, the ♀ 2–6 together; pedicels ± 1 mm. long; receptacle cupular ± 1.2 mm. deep and 1.5 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx ± 2.5 mm. long including triangular lobes ± 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals linear, reflexed near the pointed tip, 4–5 mm. long, 1 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments 5 and 3, anthers 1.1 and 0.7 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit-stalk 0.5–2 mm. long; drupe flattened ovoid or ellipsoid, usually distinctly beaked, sometimes merely acute, 10–13 mm. long (including a 0–3 mm. beak) × 7 × (3.5 + 4) mm.; pseudaril almost entirely surrounding and closely clinging to the rugose stone, sometimes shortly 4-lobed at the tip; stone ovoid, pointed ± 8 × 5 × (2.5 + 3) mm. with small but well-defined apical pits; sterile cell convex, thickest below the middle, resembling the fertile cell but rather smaller, the stone thus appears 4-gonous when viewed from above.
Figures
Fig. 7/6–8, p. 41.
Habitat
Bushed grassland and Acacia, Commiphora bushland; 430–1890 m. (this species and two varieties of C. africana reach the highest altitudes attained by Commiphora in East Africa) rainfall 450–700 mm.
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T5 T6 T7 U1 curiously unknown in Zambia and Malawi

Native to:

Botswana, Burundi, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Commiphora schimperi (O.Berg) Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Sep 4, 1984 Eggeling, W.J. [1221], Uganda K000425348 Yes
Sep 9, 1983 Trotha [233] K000425386 Yes
Jun 16, 1970 Schimper [624], Ethiopia K000199676 Yes
Jun 16, 1970 Schimper [624], Ethiopia K000199677 Yes
Jun 16, 1970 Seiner II [64], South Africa K000425455 Yes
Polhill, R. [1051], Tanzania 25207.000 No
Ash, J. [754], Ethiopia 40405.000 No
Beccari [23], Ethiopia K000199675 Yes
Hansen, O.J. [3530], Botswana K000285579 Yes
Chase, N.C. [8516], Zimbabwe K000285580 No
Eggeling, W.J. [854], Uganda K000425347 Yes
Holmberg [859], Peninsular Malaysia K000800059 Yes
Dr King's collector [8679], Peninsular Malaysia K000800061 Yes
Ellenbeck [292], Somalia K000199674 Yes
Engler [1924], Kenya K000425387 Yes
Wray, L. [2822], Peninsular Malaysia K000800060 Yes
Drummond, R.B. [2367], Tanzania Commiphora trothae 16040.000 No

First published in A.L.P.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 4: 13 (1883)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Gillett, J.B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Burseraceae: 1-94.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • B.D. Burtt in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1935: 108 (1935).
  • Coates Palgrave, Trees S. Afr.: 370 (1977)
  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 92 (1961).
  • Engl. in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2, 19A: 435, fig. 204C–D (1931).
  • Engl. in A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(1): 795, fig. 371N–Nb (1915).
  • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 48: 459, 477, fig. 2N–Nb (1912)
  • Engl. in DC., Monogr. Phan. 4: 13 (1883)
  • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 229 (1895)
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 83 (1949).
  • Schwartz, Fl. Trop. Arab.: 128 (1939).
  • Van der Walt in Flora of Southern Africa 18: 9 (1986).
  • Van der Walt. in Bothalia 11: 65, figs. 20–26 (1973).
  • Vollesen in Fl. Eth. 3: 454, fig. 123–7 (1990).
  • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 277, t. 52A (1963).

  • Flora Zambesiaca

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  • Flora of Somalia

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  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

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  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0