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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to SW. Pacific.
Coccinia adoensis (A.Rich.) Cogn.

[FZ]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Scandent perennial herbs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple, petiolate or sessile, usually very variable in shape.
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils simple or proximally 2-fid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Probracts present.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Receptacle-tube usually short and broad, obconic-campanulate; lobes entire, often small, remote and dentiform, sometimes larger.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla distinctly gamopetalous, 5-lobed, lobes entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens usually 3, all 2-thecous, less often two 2-thecous, one 1-thecous; filaments inserted on receptacle-tube, usually ± connate or at least coherent into a central column; anthers connate or coherent into a globose head, rarely free; connectives broad; thecae flexuous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers solitary or rarely racemose; ovary smooth; ovules many, horizontal; stigma 3-lobed. Male flowers solitary, clustered or shortly racemose. Flowers creamy-white to deep orange-yellow, sometimes with a pinkish tinge, dioecious.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit globose to ellipsoid-rostrate or cylindrical, usually terete, thin-walled, fleshy, bright red when mature.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovate in outline, ± compressed; testa fibrillose or minutely rugulose, pale-coloured.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Perennial climbing or trailing herbs or softly woody climbers with tuberous rootstock
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils simple or 2-fid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Dioecious
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers solitary or clustered Female flowers solitary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Hypanthium
Hypanthium obconic to campanulate Hypanthium shortly cylindrical
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, entire, usually small and remote
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, united in the lower half
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens usually 3, usually all two-thecous, inserted on the hypanthium; filaments coherent or connate into a central column; anthers coherent or connate into a globose head; connectives broad; thecae flexuous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary smooth
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary Ovules
Ovules numerous, horizontal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth like that of male flower
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigmas 3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit globose to cylindrical, terete or slightly angled, thin-walled, fleshy, bright red when ripe, many-seeded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovate or elliptic in outline, ± compressed, often fibrillose.
Distribution
About 30 species in the palaeotropics, all but one confined to Africa.

[FTEA]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

Morphology General Habit
Medium-sized climbers or trailers
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple, usually very variable in shape
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils simple or proximally bifid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Probracts present
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers medium to large, orange-buff, yellow or brownish-yellow, rarely whitish, often green-veined, dioecious Female flowers solitary or rarely racemose; ovary smooth; ovules many, horizontal; stigma 3-lobed Male flowers solitary, clustered or more usually shortly racemose; receptacle-tube relatively short and broad; lobes entire, often small and dentiform, less often large and calyx-like; corolla distinctly gamopetalous, 5-lobed; lobes entire and devoid of basal scales inside; stamens usually 3, all 2-thecous, sometimes two 2-thecous, one 1-thecous, more rarely stamens 2 or 4; filaments inserted on the tube, connate or coherent apically or sometimes along their whole length then forming a central column, less often free; anthers connate or more usually coherent at the base into a globose head, rarely free; connectives broad; thecae triplicate and usually also transversely ± convoluted
sex Male
Male flowers solitary, clustered or more usually shortly racemose; receptacle-tube relatively short and broad; lobes entire, often small and dentiform, less often large and calyx-like; corolla distinctly gamopetalous, 5-lobed; lobes entire and devoid of basal scales inside; stamens usually 3, all 2-thecous, sometimes two 2-thecous, one 1-thecous, more rarely stamens 2 or 4; filaments inserted on the tube, connate or coherent apically or sometimes along their whole length then forming a central column, less often free; anthers connate or more usually coherent at the base into a globose head, rarely free; connectives broad; thecae triplicate and usually also transversely ± convoluted
sex Female
Female flowers solitary or rarely racemose; ovary smooth; ovules many, horizontal; stigma 3-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit small to moderately large, globose to elongate-cylindrical, fleshy, terete or less often longitudinally ribbed, baccate, indehiscent, with thin pericarp, red or red mottled with green
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds small, ± compressed, ovate in outline; testa fibrillose
Figures
Fig. 8.

Native to:

Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, Botswana, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Philippines, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Andaman Is., Brazil Southeast, Caroline Is., Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Guyana, Hawaii, Leeward Is., Marianas, Mauritius, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Northern Territory, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Suriname, Taiwan, Texas, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Wake I., Western Australia, Windward Is.

Coccinia Wight & Arn. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 347 (1834)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Holstein, N. (2015). Monograph of Coccinia (Cucurbitaceae) PhytoKeys 54: 1-166.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —Cogn. in DC. Monogr. 3: 528.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Prodr. Pl. Ind. Or.: 347 (1834).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by C. Jeffrey & M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Prodr. Pl. Ind. Or.: 347 (1834)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0