Cucurbita L.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is N. & Central America, W. & S. South America.


M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008]

Morphology General Habit
Rather coarse usually trailing annual or perennial herbs, short-stemmed and compact in some cultivars
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils 3–7-fid, reduced or absent in short-stemmed cultivars
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Monoecious; flowers large
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, narrow, sometimes expanded towards apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla distinctly gamopetalous, with prominent tube; petals 5, yellow
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3, inserted on the hypanthium; filaments free; anthers connate, connectives narrow; thecae tightly triplicate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers solitary Male flowers solitary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary terete, hairy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary Ovules
Ovules numerous, horizontal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Hypanthium
Hypanthium very short Hypanthium shortly campanulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth as in male flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigmas 3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit medium to very large, firm-walled, fleshy, indehiscent, very variable in shape, colour and pattern, many-seeded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovate in outline, compressed, smooth, bordered.
About 18 species, five known only in cultivation, the rest neotropical, mostly in Mexico and Central America.

Native to:

Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Belize, Bolivia, California, Colorado, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, Guatemala, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Nicaragua, Oklahoma, Peru, Texas, Uruguay, Utah, Wyoming

Introduced into:

Albania, Andaman Is., Assam, Austria, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belgium, Benin, Brazil South, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Chad, Chagos Archipelago, Chile North, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Connecticut, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Himalaya, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Gilbert Is., Greece, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Illinois, India, Indiana, Italy, Ivory Coast, Kazakhstan, Korea, Laos, Leeward Is., Line Is., Maine, Marianas, Marshall Is., Massachusetts, Michigan, Myanmar, Nauru, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, North Carolina, Norway, Ohio, Oman, Ontario, Pakistan, Panamá, Pennsylvania, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Québec, Sierra Leone, South Carolina, Spain, St.Helena, Sudan, Sumatera, Sweden, Tadzhikistan, Tennessee, Tokelau-Manihiki, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, Wake I., West Himalaya, West Virginia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Zaïre

Cucurbita L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 1010 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.


Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 2: 555.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by C. Jeffrey & M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.