Family:
Cactaceae Juss.

Epiphyllum phyllanthus (L.) Haw.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Central Mexico to NE. Argentina. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders, as a medicine and for food.

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
cactus, calaguala, calanguala, caraguala, cola de caimán, flor de baile, rabiguano, rabo de iguana

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Amazonia, Andean, Guiana Shield, Caribbean, Pacific. Elevation range: 0–1700 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Amazonas, Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Guainía, Huila, La Guajira, Meta, Nariño, Norte
Habit
Herb, Epiphyte.
Conservation
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC. Listed in Appendix II of CITES.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, native grassland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.
Vernacular
Cactus, Cactus de flor roja, Calaguala, Cola de caimán

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1700 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Llanura del Caribe, Pacífico, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba, epífita
Conservation
No Evaluada

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Distribution
Native from Colombia.
Ecology
Alt. 0 - 1700 m.

[UPFC]
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.

[UPB]
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016, Instituto Humboldt 2014).

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cayman Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela

Introduced into:

Assam

Spanish
Cactus de flor roja, cactus, calaguala, cola de caimán.

Epiphyllum phyllanthus (L.) Haw. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Sep 1, 2014 Zartman, C.E. [6402], Brazil K000543541
Jan 1, 2010 Henicka, G.S. [271], Brazil K000543537
Jan 1, 2010 Henicka, G.S. [271], Brazil K000543538
Jan 1, 2010 Henicka, G.S. [271], Brazil K000543536
Jan 1, 1999 Zappi, D.C. [356], Brazil K000542923
Leuenberger, B. [3104], Bahia K000013016
Castellanos, A. [25802], Bahia K000013011
Harley, R.M. [17037], Bahia K000013017
Taylor, N. [1613], Bahia K000013015
Laurenio, A. [255], Pernambuco K000013012
Sales de Melo, M.R.C. [93], Pernambuco K000013013
Harley, R.M. [17037], Brazil 43907.000
Sales de Melo, M.R.C. [138], Pernambuco K000013014
Nogueira, P.E. [741], Tocantins K000035162
Clarke, D. H. [3912], Guyana K000035163
Poole et al [1619], Amazonas K000101410
Field [339], Venezuela K000100216
Gottsberger, G. [110-26183], Brazil K000101398
Jansen-Jacobs [2502], Guyana K000101396
Cid Ferreira et al [6455], Mato Grosso K000101411
Nee [42872], Amazonas K000101414
Harley et al [25426], Minas Gerais K000101412
Taylor, N.P. [1477], Minas Gerais K000101413
Pereira [1394], Minas Gerais K000101405
Cid et al [1531], Brazil K000101399
Hugh-Jones [41], Suriname K000101427
Sagot [0], French Guiana K000101424
Woolston [632], Paraguay K000101425
Vargas [0], Peru K000101441
Heringer et al [168], Brazil K000101400
Ramos [138], Mato Grosso K000101420
Prance et al [19224], Mato Grosso K000101417
Prance et al [20588], Amazonas K000101422
Sandwith [704], Guyana K000101393
Zarucchi, J.L. [1745], Colombia K000101438
Jenman [7254], Guyana K000101392
Pittier [1117], Panama K000101437
Samuels [416], Suriname K000101428
Samuels [305], Suriname K000101426
Verner [12397], Panama K000101436
Sandwith [704], Guyana K000101394
Irwin [5477], Minas Gerais K000101407
Anderson [10868], Brazil K000101406
Prance et al [24441], Amazonas K000101403
Irwin [5899], Brazil K000101402
Irwin et al [27302], Minas Gerais K000101401
Guyana K000101395
Pittier [0], Guatemala K000101352
Bowles [111], Venezuela K000101440
Yuncker [8379], Honduras K000100182
Sandoval [s.n.], El Salvador K000100101
Zardini, E.M. [46386], Paraguay K000100253
Harley [10110], Mato Grosso K000101416
Ek [301], Suriname K000101423
Rose [3362] K000101383
Jansen-Jacobs et al [1762], Guyana K000101397
Horich [0], Ecuador K000101439
Williams [735], Bolivia K000100015
Burchell [1001A], Brazil K000101408
Prance [59288], Mato Grosso K000101419
Prance et al [24441], Amazonas K000101404
Argent et al [6582], Mato Grosso K000101421
Zardini, E.M. [30177], Paraguay K000100218
Jenman [7254], Guyana K000101391
Bernacci [1342], Brazil K000101415
Souza, C. V. [9569], Brazil K000101418
Pereira Neto et al [274], Minas Gerais K000101409

First published in Syn. Pl. Succ.: 197 (1812)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Correa A., Mireya D. Galdames, Carmen Correa A., M. D., C. Galdames & M. S. de Stapf (2004). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá: 1-599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Monro, A.K., González, F., Santamaría, D., Chacón, O., Rodríguez, A., Solano, D. Zamora, N. & Correa, M. (2011). A first checklist to the vascular plants of La Amistad International Park (PILA), Costa Rica-Panama Phytotaxa 322: 1-283.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Sant'Ana Melhem, T., das Graças Lapa Wanderley, M., Ehlin Martins, S., Jung-Mendaçolli, S.L., Shepherd, G.J. & Kirizawa, M. (eds.) (2007). Flora Fanerogâmica do Estado de São Paulo 5: 1-476. Instituto de Botânica, São Paulo.
  • Soller, A., Soffiatti, P., Calvente, A. & Goldenberg, R. (2014). Cactaceae no estado do Paraná, Brasil Rodriguésia 65: 201-219.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
  • Véliz, M. (2008). Las Cactáceas de Guatemala: 1-129. Unidad de Investigación Herbario BIGU, Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

  • GRIN National Genetic Resources Program http://www.ars-grin.gov in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org/2016/
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Castro, C. (Proveedor de metadatos), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). Versión 11.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Correa A., Mireya D. Galdames, Carmen Correa A., M. D., C. Galdames & M. S. de Stapf (2004). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá: 1-599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • GBIF (2008-2020). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
  • Soller, A., Soffiatti, P., Calvente, A. & Goldenberg, R. (2014). Cactaceae no estado do Paraná, Brasil Rodriguésia 65: 201-219.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
  • Véliz, M. (2008). Las Cactáceas de Guatemala: 1-129. Unidad de Investigación Herbario BIGU, Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • CITES (2021). Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. https://cites.org/eng/app/appendices.php
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • IUCN (2021). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-2. https://www.iucnredlist.org.
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt (2015). Identificación de las plantas útiles como Productos Forestales No Maderables del Bosque seco-Tropical en tres ventanas del Caribe colombiano. 1386 registros, aportados por: Garcia, H. (Contacto del Recurso), López Camacho, R. (Creador del recurso), Sarmiento Bernal, C. (Proveedor del metadatos). Espitia Palenci, L. (Autor), Gallego, B. (Punto de contacto), Aguilar Cano, J. (Curador), Mendoza, H. (Curador). Versión 2.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=rrbb_bst-caribe_plantae_2015
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt. (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/