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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar, Arabian Peninsula, Tropical Asia.
Kedrostis leloja (J.F.Gmel.) C.Jeffrey

[FZ]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Prostrate or scandent herbs with tuberous rootstock.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple, petiolate.
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils simple or 2-fid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers axillary, solitary; ovary smooth, glabrous or variously pubescent; ovules few to many, horizontal; perianth as in male flowers; staminodes 3–5, small, inserted in mouth of tube; stigma 2-lobed. Male flowers few to many in axillary racemes or fascicles, usually pedunculate. Receptacle-tube campanulate, lobes usually small. Corolla-lobes 5, united below. Stamens 5, all 1-thecous, in 2 pairs with one single, or 3, with the paired stamens ± united, 2 double 2-thecous, 1 single 1-thecous; filaments short, inserted in mouth of receptacle-tube; thecae short, straight or arcuate, lateral. Flowers small, yellowish, monoecious.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits solitary, small to medium-sized, succulent, cylindrical-fusiform to globose, often rostrate, red, indehiscent or dehiscent by a longitudinal slit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds asymmetrically ovoid or subglobose, small.

[FTEA]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

Morphology General Habit
Small to medium-sized climbing or trailing herbs, less often rather large woody climbers or more rarely subshrubs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves usually simple, ovate-lanceolate or hastate to suborbicular in outline, ± palmately lobed, sometimes deeply dissected into narrow segments, rarely 3-foliolate with sessile leaflets
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils simple, less often proximally bifid, rarely absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers small, greenish-white, greenish-yellow or yellow, monoecious or dioecious Female flowers solitary, paired or few-fasciculate, subsessile or ± shortly stalked; ovary smooth; ovules horizontal; perianth as in ♂ flower; staminodes (3–)5, inserted in mouth of tube; stigma 2(–3)-lobed; disk basal, annular, not distinct from base of tube Male flowers in few- to many-flowered lax or contracted short- to long-pedunculate racemes, more rarely in short dense fascicles, pedicellate; receptacle-tube campanulate; lobes ± small, dentiform, filiform or lanceolate; petals united at the base; stamens 5, all 1-thecous, in 2 pairs with 1 single, inserted in the mouth of the tube, or the paired stamens ± united, when completely so the stamens appearing as 3, 2 double 2-thecous, 1 single 1-thecous; filaments short; connective often apically produced; thecae lateral, short, straight or slightly arcuate; disk basal, usually concave, not distinct from base of tube
sex Male
Male flowers in few- to many-flowered lax or contracted short- to long-pedunculate racemes, more rarely in short dense fascicles, pedicellate; receptacle-tube campanulate; lobes ± small, dentiform, filiform or lanceolate; petals united at the base; stamens 5, all 1-thecous, in 2 pairs with 1 single, inserted in the mouth of the tube, or the paired stamens ± united, when completely so the stamens appearing as 3, 2 double 2-thecous, 1 single 1-thecous; filaments short; connective often apically produced; thecae lateral, short, straight or slightly arcuate; disk basal, usually concave, not distinct from base of tube
sex Female
Female flowers solitary, paired or few-fasciculate, subsessile or ± shortly stalked; ovary smooth; ovules horizontal; perianth as in ♂ flower; staminodes (3–)5, inserted in mouth of tube; stigma 2(–3)-lobed; disk basal, annular, not distinct from base of tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits solitary, paired or few-fasciculate, subsessile or stalked, small to medium-sized, fleshy, baccate, red, sometimes hairy, subglobose, ovoid-rostrate, conical or fusiform, indehiscent or dehiscent by a longitudinal slit or valves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds rather small, tumid, asymmetrically pyriform to subglobose, usually smooth
Figures
Fig. 23, p. 132.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Scandent or trailing herbs with perennial tuberous rootstock, or softly woody climbers
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple or 3-foliolate
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils simple or bifid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Hypanthium
Hypanthium campanulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, small, lanceolate to dentiform
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, united at the base, greenish-yellow or yellow
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5, all one-thecous, in 2 pairs with 1 single or the paired stamens more or less united into 2 two-thecous stamens, inserted on the mouth of the hypanthium; filaments short; thecae short, straight or curved
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Female flowers solitary or few-fasciculate Male flowers racemose or fasciculate Monoecious or dioecious; flowers small
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary smooth, glabrous or pubescent; ovules few to many, horizontal; perianth as in male flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigmas usually 2
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits solitary or few-fasciculate, fleshy, often rostrate, red, indehiscent or dehiscent by a longitudinal slit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds asymmetrically pyriform or subglobose, usually smooth.
Distribution
About 20 species, mostly in tropical and southern Africa and Madagascar, a few in south-west Asia and Indomalesia.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Borneo, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Chad, Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Ghana, India, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Bangladesh, Pakistan, Suriname

Kedrostis Medik. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Staatswirthschaftl. Vorles. Churpfälz. Phys.-Ökon. Ges. Heidelberg 1: 229 (1791)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 2: 563, as Rhynchocarpa Schrad.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Phil. Bot. 2: 69 (1791).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by C. Jeffrey & M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Phil. Bot. 2: 69 (1791)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0