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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.
Momordica charantia

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Trailing or scandent annual herbs, perennial tuberous-rooted herbs or softly woody climbing shrubs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple or pedately compound
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils simple or bifid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Male flowers in pedunculate basally often conspicuously bracteate clusters or racemes, sometimes reduced to a single flower Monoecious or dioecious
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, entire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens usually 3, 2 two-thecous, 1 one-thecous; anthers usually free; thecae arcuate, sinuate or triplicate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers solitary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary smooth or with fleshy wings, tubercles or spines. Ovules 1–many, usually horizontal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Hypanthium
Hypanthium very shortly cylindrical. Sepals often narrower than in male flowers Hypanthium broad, short
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals similar to those of male flowers Petals 5, orange-yellow to white, free, entire, 1–3 bearing a basal ventral incurved scale
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigmas 3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits ellipsoid to fusiform, smooth, winged, tuberculate or spiny, usually many-seeded, fleshy and red or orange-red when ripe and dehiscent into 3 valves exposing red-sheathed seeds or indehiscent, sometimes few-seeded and pod-like
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds usually compressed, with sculptured faces and grooved margins.
Distribution
About 50 species, palaeotropical.

[FTEA]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

Morphology General Habit
Small to rather large climbers or trailers
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple, or pedately 3–7- or pedately biternately 7–15-foliolate
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils simple or proximally bifid, rarely paired at the nodes and then usually spinose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Probracts usually absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers medium to large, white, cream or yellow, monoecious or dioecious Male flowers solitary, umbellate or shortly racemose, or in many-flowered fascicles or pseudopanicles, often subtended by a prominent suborbicular sessile sheathing bract; receptacle-tube relatively short and broad; lobes entire; petals 5, free, entire, 1–3 with an incurved scale inside at the base; stamens 3 (2 double 2-thecous, 1 single 1-thecous) or 2 (1 triple (2–)3-thecous, 1 double 2-thecous), usually free; thecae arcuate, duplicate or triplicate Female flowers solitary; ovary usually ribbed, tuberculate or papillose; ovules usually many, horizontal, less often few and pendulous and/or erect; stigma 3-lobed
sex Male
Male flowers solitary, umbellate or shortly racemose, or in many-flowered fascicles or pseudopanicles, often subtended by a prominent suborbicular sessile sheathing bract; receptacle-tube relatively short and broad; lobes entire; petals 5, free, entire, 1–3 with an incurved scale inside at the base; stamens 3 (2 double 2-thecous, 1 single 1-thecous) or 2 (1 triple (2–)3-thecous, 1 double 2-thecous), usually free; thecae arcuate, duplicate or triplicate
sex Female
Female flowers solitary; ovary usually ribbed, tuberculate or papillose; ovules usually many, horizontal, less often few and pendulous and/or erect; stigma 3-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit rather large, ovoid-ellipsoid to elongate-fusiform, fleshy, ornamented with fleshy tubercles, spines or longitudinal wings or ridges, less often merely bluntly angled or subterete, indehiscent or dehiscent ± irregularly or often by 3 valves, and then exposing the seeds enveloped in scarlet pulp hanging from the faces of the valves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds medium-sized to rather large, usually compressed, the testa nearly always ± sculptured on the faces and 1–2-grooved at the margins
Figures
Figs. 2, p. 18, 3, p. 25.

[FZ]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Prostrate or scandent, usually herbaceous plants.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple or pedately ternately or 2-ternately 3–21-foliolate.
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils simple or 2-fid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers solitary, umbellate, shortly racemose or fasciculate, often bracteate; bracts often prominent, more or less cucullate. Receptacle-tube relatively short and broad; lobes entire. Petals 5, free, entire, obtuse to rounded or sometimes retuse, 1–3 with a ventral incurved scale at the base. Stamens 3, two 2-thecous and one 1-thecous, or less often 2, one 3-thecous and the other 2-thecous, free or sometimes with the anthers connate into a head; thecae arcuate, sinuate or triplicate. Flowers white, cream, yellow or orange, monoecious or dioecious. Female flowers solitary, perianth similar to that of male flower but receptacle-tube usually much shorter and lobes often narrower and smaller; ovary ribbed, tuberculate or papillose, rarely smooth; ovules usually many, horizontal, less often few, pendulous and/or erect; stigma 3-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit ellipsoid to fusiform, tuberculate, spiny, winged or ribbed, rarely smooth, indehiscent or dehiscent into 3 valves and exposing seeds enveloped in bright red pulp.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds usually compressed, with sculptured faces and grooved margins with a slight erose median ridge.

Native to:

Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Congo, Djibouti, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, New Guinea, New South Wales, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Somalia, South Australia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Extinct in:

Socotra

Introduced into:

Alabama, Andaman Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Aruba, Ascension, Bahamas, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central American Pac, Colombia, Comoros, Connecticut, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Florida, Galápagos, Georgia, Guatemala, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Jamaica, Korea, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Marianas, Marquesas, Mauritius, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Mexico, Nicobar Is., Niue, Oklahoma, Oman, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Southwest Caribbean, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tunisia, Turks-Caicos Is., Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

Momordica L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Mar 1, 1998 Schmidt, H.H. [2200], Ghana K000040180
Cable, S. [187], Cameroon 61753.000

First published in Sp. Pl.: 1009 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 2: 534.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 440 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 1009 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by C. Jeffrey & M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 440 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 1009 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0