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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, W. Indian Ocean.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

Morphology General Habit
Medium-sized perennial climbing herbs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple; blade palmately lobed
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils simple or usually proximally bifid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Probracts present
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers medium to rather large, white or yellow, dioecious Female flowers solitary; ovary ellipsoid, terete, ± hairy; ovules many, horizontal; receptacle-tube elongated; lobes and petals as in ♂; stigma 3-lobed Male flowers solitary or racemose, often a long-pedicelled solitary flower and a raceme arising from the same axil; racemose flowers bracteate; bracts small to large and then usually ± hooded; receptacle-tube elongated, subcylindrical; lobes linear-lanceolate, narrow, entire; petals 5, entire, free; stamens 3, all 2-thecous, or 3, two 2-thecous, one 1-thecous; filaments free, inserted on the tube; anthers united into a head, included in the tube; connective narrow; thecae triplicate
sex Male
Male flowers solitary or racemose, often a long-pedicelled solitary flower and a raceme arising from the same axil; racemose flowers bracteate; bracts small to large and then usually ± hooded; receptacle-tube elongated, subcylindrical; lobes linear-lanceolate, narrow, entire; petals 5, entire, free; stamens 3, all 2-thecous, or 3, two 2-thecous, one 1-thecous; filaments free, inserted on the tube; anthers united into a head, included in the tube; connective narrow; thecae triplicate
sex Female
Female flowers solitary; ovary ellipsoid, terete, ± hairy; ovules many, horizontal; receptacle-tube elongated; lobes and petals as in ♂; stigma 3-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit medium-sized, thin-walled, fleshy, subglobose to ellipsoid and beaked, terete, red, indehiscent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds relatively small, elliptic in outline, compressed, lenticular, dark-coloured
Figures
Fig. 11, p. 80.

[FZ]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Prostrate or scandent perennial herbs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple, palmately lobed, with scattered disk glands on lower surface.
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils 2-fid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers solitary; perianth similar to that of male flower; ovary terete; ovules numerous, horizontal; stigma 3-lobed. Male flowers axillary, racemose, rarely solitary, bracteate, the racemes usually accompanied by a long-pedicellate co-axillary solitary flower. Bracts more or less cucullate, membraneous, glandular. Receptacle-tube elongated, more or less cylindrical; lobes lanceolate, narrow, entire. Petals 5, free or shortly united, entire. Stamens 3, all 2-thecous, or two 2-thecous, one 1-thecous, inserted on receptacle-tube, with free filaments and anthers connate into a narrow cylindrical head; connectives narrow; thecae triplicate. Flowers white or yellow, dioecious.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit ovoid or ellipsoid, usually more or less rostrate, terete, smooth, thin-walled, fleshy, indehiscent, red when ripe.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovoid in outline, compressed, smooth, lenticular, blackish, sometimes obscurely bordered.

Native to:

Aldabra, Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Congo, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Ghana, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Peponium Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in H.G.A.Engler & K.A.E.Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam., Nachtr. 1: 318 (1897)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. Nachtr. 318 (1897).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • in E. & P. Pf., Nachtr.: 318 (1897)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0