Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl.

First published in Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 3: 435 (1930)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is W. Tropical Africa to Ethiopia and Tanzania. It is a climbing annual and grows primarly in the seasonally dry tropical biome(s). It is used as animal food, a poison and a medicine, has environmental uses and social uses and for food.

Descriptions

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
bangaña, bangaño, bangaño de bejuco, bola, cabazo, calabacera, calabacito, calabacito amargo, calabaza, calabaza de guasca, calabaza vinatera, calabazo, calabazo amargoso, calabazo bangaño, calabazo blanco, calabazo cinturo, calabazo de bangaño, calabazo de bejuco, calabazo de mata, calabazo de pote, calabazo negro macho, camaza, camaza de tula, camazo, choca, chocá, choco, chorondoco, chucá, chucho, chumbo, coyabra, cuyabra, mate, murcia, murcio pequeño, poporo, poroporo, pote, puro, sumbo, talambo, táparo, táparo bandano, tarralí, tina, totumo de bejuco, totumo sabanero, tula, tutuco
[UNAL]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

Morphology General Habit
Climber or trailer to 4.5 m.; stem herbaceous, rather densely hairy.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves broadly ovate-reniform or suborbicular in outline, cordate, sinuate-toothed, apiculate, hairy beneath and usually also above, 32–230 mm. long, 45–230 mm. broad, undivided or shortly and obscurely palmately 5–9-lobed; lobes rounded; petiole 27–125 mm. long, pubescent, with two small apical lateral conical glands.
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils bifid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Monoecious. Male flowers solitary on 75–310 mm. long peduncles; receptacle-tube funnel-shaped, slightly bulbous at the base, pubescent, 11–16 mm. long; lobes linear to triangular, 3–7 mm. long; petals white, opening in the evening, broadly obovate, apiculate, 27–45 mm. long, 18–37 mm. broad; anthers oblong, coherent, included; thecae triplicate, also ± contorted especially in lower part of anther. Female flowers on ± 60–70 mm. long stalks; ovary ovoid, villous, 11–17 mm. long, 6–8 mm. across; receptacle-tube ± 2.5 mm. long; lobes acute, ± 3–3.5 mm. long; petals ± 30 mm. long and 24 mm. broad.
sex Male
Male flowers solitary on 75–310 mm. long peduncles; receptacle-tube funnel-shaped, slightly bulbous at the base, pubescent, 11–16 mm. long; lobes linear to triangular, 3–7 mm. long; petals white, opening in the evening, broadly obovate, apiculate, 27–45 mm. long, 18–37 mm. broad; anthers oblong, coherent, included; thecae triplicate, also ± contorted especially in lower part of anther.
sex Female
Female flowers on ± 60–70 mm. long stalks; ovary ovoid, villous, 11–17 mm. long, 6–8 mm. across; receptacle-tube ± 2.5 mm. long; lobes acute, ± 3–3.5 mm. long; petals ± 30 mm. long and 24 mm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit large, subglobose, ellipsoid, lageniform, biventricose, clavate or elongated, up to 130 mm. or more in diameter, green, hairy, fleshy, hard-shelled, indehiscent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds (fig. 6/9, p. 48) oblong, compressed, slightly tapered, slightly 2-horned on the shoulders at the broader end, smooth with 2 flat longitudinal facial ridges fading towards the narrow end and approaching one another medially at the 2-horned end, ± 17 × 7 × 3.2 mm., in some cultivated forms much larger, irregular and ± rugose.
Habitat
Apparently wild in grassland and bushland, also cultivated; 500–1770 m.
Distribution
pantropical, but probably introduced outside Africa and Asia K1 K3 K4 K5 T1 T2 T3 T5 T6 T8 U1 U2 U3 U4
[FTEA]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Vigorous annual.
Morphology Stem
Stems prostrate or scandent, softly villous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina 3–40 × 4·5–40 cm., broadly ovate or reniform in outline, cordate, shortly and softly puberulous or pubescent, undivided or incipiently palmately 5–7-lobed, the lobes rounded, shallowly sinuate-dentate, apiculate.
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petioles 2–30 cm. long, densely pubescent or villous; glands small, somewhat recurved, inserted at the base of the lamina.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Probract
Probracts undeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers monoecious. male flowers solitary; pedicels 7–31 cm. long, softly hairy or villous; receptacle-tube 1·1–1·6 cm. long, obconic-cylindrical, villous, lobes remote, 2·5–7 × 1–2 mm., subulate-dentiform or triangular-dentiform. Petals 2–4·5 × 1–3·5 cm., white, obovate. Anthers oblong, included. Female flowers on 6–10 cm. long peduncles; ovary 10–25 × 5–8 mm., subglobose to ellipsoid or cylindrical, densely villous; receptacle-lobes and petals similar to those of male flowers.
sex Male
male flowers solitary; pedicels 7–31 cm. long, softly hairy or villous; receptacle-tube 1·1–1·6 cm. long, obconic-cylindrical, villous, lobes remote, 2·5–7 × 1–2 mm., subulate-dentiform or triangular-dentiform. Petals 2–4·5 × 1–3·5 cm., white, obovate. Anthers oblong, included.
sex Female
Female flowers on 6–10 cm. long peduncles; ovary 10–25 × 5–8 mm., subglobose to ellipsoid or cylindrical, densely villous; receptacle-lobes and petals similar to those of male flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits large, up to 1 m. long and 20 cm. across, subglobose to cylindrical, often ± biventricose or lageniform, green, becoming yellowish when mature.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 7–20 mm. long, oblong, truncate and emarginate at the base, with 2 flat facial ridges, in some variants rather irregular and rugose.
[FZ]

Cucurbitaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Vernacular
The Calabash, Bottle-Gourd or White Pumpkin.
[FWTA]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals triangular-lanceolate or lanceolate, 2.5–11 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white with green veins, obovate, 2.5–4.7 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers solitary Male flowers solitary Monoecious; flowers sweet-scented
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicel 2–10 cm long Pedicel 7–31 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary ellipsoid to cylindrical, villous, 1–3.5 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Hypanthium
Hypanthium 1.5–2.5 mm long Hypanthium obconic-cylindrical, 11–16 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth like that of male flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit subglobose to cylindrical, commonly bottle-shaped or swollen at ends, up to 100 x 10–20 cm, green, uniformly coloured or mottled, yellow-brown when dry
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds oblong in outline, 7–20 mm long, variable, smooth or with longitudinal facial ridges.
Morphology General Habit
Vigorous prostrate or scandent annual herb to 4.5 m
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blade broadly ovate or reniform, cordate, softly shortly pubescent or puberulous, 3–40 x 4.5–40 cm, unlobed or, when young, palmately 5–7-lobed, lobes rounded; petiole 2–30 cm long, obscurely 2-glandular at the apex
Distribution
N1; S3, also cultivated pantropical.
Ecology
Altitude range 40–1850 m.
Vernacular
Gardu (Somali-N).
[FSOM]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 50 - 1760 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.
Morphology General Habit
Trepadora
[CPLC]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Amazonia, Andean, Caribbean, Orinoquia, Pacific. Elevation range: 50–1760 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Colombian departments: Amazonas, Antioquia, Bolívar, Casanare, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Guainía, Magdalena, Valle del Cauca, Vaupés.
Habit
Climbing.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, native grassland, artificial - terrestrial.
Vernacular
Calabazo, Camaza, Camazo
[UPFC]

Uses

Use
Mature fruits used as containers. Young fruits edible
[FSOM]

Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.
Use Social
Social uses.
[UPFC]

Common Names

English
Bottle Gourd, Monkey apple

Sources

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Living Collection https://www.kew.org/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Plants and People Africa

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    • © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0