Carpha Banks & Sol. ex R.Br.

First published in Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 230 (1810)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Uganda to S. Africa, W. Indian Ocean, S. Japan, New Guinea to New Zealand, S. South America.

Descriptions

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Morphology General Habit
Perennials, robust, rhizomatous, often mat-forming
Morphology Culms
Culms tufted, the base often covered with fibrous remains of old leaf sheaths
Morphology Leaves
Leaves eligulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle with clusters of spikelets on peduncles emerging from the axils of the leaves up the culm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets solitary or few to many in dense clusters at the end of primary branches, lanceolate to ovoid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes 3–7 per spikelet, 1–2 lowest glumes scale-like, followed by 3 empty, upper 1–2 glumes with bisexual flowers Glumes distichous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth segments 6, bristle-like, upwardly scabrid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens (2–)3, conspicuously greenish yellow
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet lanceolate to elliptic, trigonous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style base and perianth bristles persistent Style with 3 branches
Note
15 species; Old World and Chile.
[FTEA]

Sources

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0