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This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & E. Turkey to Transcaucasus and N. Iraq.

[FIQ]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb
Morphology Stem
Stems erect or ascending, sometimes decumbent, arising from a woody base, slightly hairy especially towards the base and glabrescent or glabrous towards the apex, 15–70 cm tall, simple or branched
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple, denticulate, undulate or entire, hairy; radical leaves petiolate, oblong-lanceolate, 4–10 × 0.5–1.5 cm, petiole 3–4 cm; cauline leaves few to many, sessile or sometimes tapering to a short petiole, elliptic to linear-lanceolate, 2.5–5 × 0.2–1.5 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pedicellate, in lax bracteolate branched or unbranched spikes; bracts small, triangular-lanceolate, 1.5 × 0.5 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx glabrous, lobes oblong-lanceolate, 2–3.5 mm wide; calyx tube ovoid-oblong, 1.5–3 × 0.5–1.2 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla glabrous, longer than calyx-lobes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments 2 mm long, dilated and ciliate at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style hairy, 8–10 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule oblong-ovate, erect, glabrous, 3–5 × 1.5–2 mm, crowned with the persistent erect calyx lobes, dehiscent by 3 lateral valves near apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds small, rotund, 1 × 0.8 mm, brown.
Ecology
Stony mountain sides and rocky slopes, among Astragalus bushes; alt. (2000–)2600–3000(–3600) m
Phenology
Flowering and fruiting: Jul.-Aug.
Distribution
Occasional, but locally common, in the central sector of the alpine and thorn-cushion zones of Iraq. Turkey (SE Anatolia), Iran, Armenia, Caucasus.

Native to:

Iraq, Transcaucasus, Turkey

Asyneuma lobelioides (Willd.) Hand.-Mazz. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 27: 431 (1913)

Accepted by

  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Flora of Iraq

  • Blakelock in Kew Bull. 4: 517 (1949);
  • Damboldt in Fl. Turk. 6: 72 (1978).
  • Fedorov in Fl. URSS 24: 417 (1957);
  • Hand.-Mazz. in Ann. Naturh. Mus. Wien 27: 431 (1913);
  • Rawi in Dep. Agr. Iraq Tech. Bull. 14: 127 (1964);
  • Rech. f. & Schiman-Czeika in Fl. Iranica 13: 45 (1965);

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Edmondson, J.R. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Iraq 5(2): 1-349. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.

Flora of Iraq
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0