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This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Turkey to Iran.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FIQ]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb, much branched from base
Morphology Stem
Stems and branches erect or ascending, slightly scabrid or hairy, greenish, 20–40 cm long
Morphology Leaves
Leaves scabrid or hairy; radical leaves petiolate, decurrent, 10–12 × 1–4 mm, the uppermost leaves small, lanceolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pedicellate or subsessile, bracteolate, in spikes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx hairy all over or sometimes glabrous or subglabrous; calyx lobes triangular-lanceolate, 1–4 × 0.5–1 mm, usually reflexed; calyx tube ovate-turbinate, 1.5–2.5 × 1–1.5 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla hirsute all over, or sometimes almost glabrous, longer than calyx lobes, corolla tube 1/3–1/4 the length of the lobes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5, free, filaments dilated at base, 1.5–2 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style hairy, 8–10 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule nodding, ovoid, 3–5 × 2–4 mm, dehiscing by 3 lateral valves near base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds small, yellow-brown, 2–3 × 1–1.3 mm.
Ecology
Dry rocky mountain slopes, on barren metamorphic rock, on serpentine and limestone, on a cliff face with S aspect, on scree, occasionally near streams; alt. (1500–)1800–3000(–3300) m
Phenology
Flowering and fruiting: Jul.–Aug.(–Sep.).
Distribution
Common in the central sector of the alpine and subalpine thorn-cushion zones of Iraq, occasional in the upper forest area. Turkey (SE Anatolia), W & S Iran.
Note
This shrubby herb is said to be locally known in Halgurd district as BURRUK (Kurd. Guest & Alizzi). So far as we are aware it has never been brought into cultivation (not listed in the RHS “Plant Finder”).

Native to:

Iran, Iraq, Turkey

Asyneuma persicum (A.DC.) Bornm. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Kotschy, C.G.T. [377], Iraq Phyteuma asperum K000814236
Kotschy, C.G.T. [377], Iraq Phyteuma asperum K000814237
Kotschy, C.G.T. [s.n.], Iraq Phyteuma asperum K000814235
Jan 1, 1969 Aucher Eloy, P.M.R. [1869] Campanula persica K000814481
Jan 1, 1969 Kotschy, K.G.T. [600] Campanula persica K000814482

First published in Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 38(2): 347 (1921)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Flora of Iraq

  • Bornmüller in Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 38(2): 347 (1921);
  • Rech. f. & Schiman-Czeika in Fl. Iranica 13: 41 (1965).

Flora of Iraq
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0