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This species is accepted, and its native range is Greece to Iran.
Legousia pentagonia

[FIQ]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb
Morphology Stem
Stem erect or ascending, usually branching from base, scabrid with short, reflexed, stiff hairs, 7–25 cm long
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile, 5–20(–25) × 3–8 mm, serrulate or shallowly serrate, usually scabrid, lower leaves ovate, upper leaves oblong-lanceolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary or in terminal cymes, sessile
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx scabrid or sometimes nearly smooth; lobes linear or linear-lanceolate, longer than the corolla tube, 8–15 × 1 mm, erect; calyx tube oblong, 8–20 × 1–2 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla purple, rotate, scabrid or sometimes nearly smooth, 10–15 mm; lobes mucronate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens free; filaments short, ciliate at base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style viscid, hairy, about 8–12 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule oblong, 4–8 × 0.5–2 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds small, 1 × 0.8 mm, brown, shining.
Ecology
Mountain pastures, fields; alt. (500–)900–1400 m
Phenology
Flowering and fruiting: Apr.-May(–Jun.).
Distribution
Occasional in the middle forest zone of Iraq. Mediterranean Europe (Balkans, Greece), Crete, Aegean Isles, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Jordan, Turkey, Caucasus, W Iran.

Native to:

Bulgaria, East Aegean Is., Greece, Iran, Iraq, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe

Introduced into:

Czechoslovakia

Legousia pentagonia (L.) Thell. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Grisebach, A.H.R. [s.n.], Greece K000814500

First published in Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 46: 465 (1908)

Accepted by

  • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Edmondson, J.R. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Iraq 5(2): 1-349. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Lammers, T.G. (2007). World checklist and bibliography of Campanulaceae: 1-675. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of Iraq

  • Bornmuller in Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 61: 74 (1941);
  • Damboldt in Fl. Turk. 6: 85 (1978).
  • Fedorov in Fl. URSS 24: 429 (1957);
  • Rech. f. & Schiman-Czeika in Fl. Iranica 13: 6 (1965);
  • Thell. in Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zurich 46: 465 (1908);
  • Zohary in Fl. Palest. 3d. 2, 2: 170 (1933);
  • Zohary, Fl. Palaest. 3: 284 (1978);

Flora of Iraq
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/