Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical America to N. Argentina.
Anredera cordifolia

[KBu]

Eriksson, R. (2007). A Synopsis of Basellaceae. Kew Bulletin, 62(2), 297-320. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/20443356

Distribution
Native to southern and central South America and cultivated as ornamental in tropical and subtropical areas worldwide. This species is often naturalised after having escaped cultivation, and in some parts of the world it has become an aggressive weed.
Morphology General Habit
Twining vine
Morphology Leaves
Leaf blades 2.5 - 10 x 1.5 - 7.5 cm, ovate to often cordate, at base often cordate or sometimes truncate to rounded, at apex acute or rarely obtuse
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual-Sepals 1.5 - 3 x 1.5 - 2.5 mm, usually distinctly shorter than petals, rarely almost equalling them in length, patent, broadly ovate to broadly elliptic, at anthesis white, in fruit ± dark brown
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers pale, probably whitish yellow
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 2 - 4 x 1.5 - 2.5 mm, uniform, patent, elliptic to obovate, at anthesis white, in fruit ± dark brown
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 1, 3-parted >7/2 of its length, sometimes almost to the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 0.5 - 3.5 mm long, often rather slender
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit surrounded at base by the persistent, patent perianth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences uIp to c. 50 cm long, usually lax and much branched, or sometimes unbranched, with rather slender axis
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles persistent, triangular to very broadly ovate, connate at base forming a cup
Morphology Stem
Stem glabrous, producing axillary tubers
Note
Anredera cordifolia is distinguished by its distinctly pedicellate flowers with a perianth that dries dark brown and is spreading also in fruit, and the distinctly 3-parted style. The flowers of the other species with 3-parted style dry pale. Furthermore, the inflorescences are usually large and richly branched with numerous flowers, which explain its popularity as an ornamental plant. It usually reproduces by its tubers in areas outside the native one. Anredera cordifolia is rather polymorphic, but the variation is such that no infraspecific taxa can be recognised. Its closest relationships are somewhat obscure. This species has become a major problem in some areas where it has been naturalised due to its invasiveness (e.g. Starr et al. 2003). It is difficult to control because of its rapid growth and very effective vegetative reproduction by means of the tubers. Tenore (1853) probably based the description of Boussingaultia cordifolia on cultivated individuals as well as a specimen in his own herbarium. The herbarium specimen was designated as lectotype by Eriksson (1996).
Type
Orig. unknown, cult. in Hort. Regio Neapolitano, "Boussingaultia cordifolia Ten." (lectotype NAP, designated by Eriksson 1996: 70, photo negative NAP!) .
Vernacular
Heartleaf madeira vine, Madeira vine, and mignonette vine are the most widespread names.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Naturalizada y adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 100 - 1700 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Llanura del Caribe.
Morphology General Habit
Trepadora
Conservation
No Evaluada

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela

Introduced into:

Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, California, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, China South-Central, China Southeast, Cook Is., Corse, Costa Rica, Easter Is., El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, France, Guatemala, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Juan Fernández Is., Kermadec Is., Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Louisiana, Madeira, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Morocco, New Caledonia, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Niue, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Pitcairn Is., Portugal, Puerto Rico, Sicilia, Society Is., Spain, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Swaziland, Texas, Thailand, Tunisia, Yemen, Yugoslavia

Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Weir, J. [436], Brazil K000640676 Unknown type material

First published in Fl. Males. 5: 303 (1957)

Accepted by

  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dogignard, A. (2009). Contributions à la connaissance de la flore du Maroc et de l'Afrique du Nord. Nouvelle série. 2. La flore du Nord-Maroc Journal de Botanique Société de Botanique de France 46-47: 1-136.
  • Florence, J. (2004). Flore de la Polynésie Française 2: 1-503. ORSTOM éditions, Paris.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Lambdon, P. (2012). Flowering plants & ferns of St Helena: 1-624. Pisces publications for St Helena nature conservation group.
  • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Sant'Ana Melhem, T., das Graças Lapa Wanderley, M., Ehlin Martins, S., Jung-Mendaçolli, S.L., Shepherd, G.J. & Kirizawa, M. (eds.) (2007). Flora Fanerogâmica do Estado de São Paulo 5: 1-476. Instituto de Botânica, São Paulo.
  • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 1: 1-988. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.

Literature

Kew Bulletin

  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van (1957). Basellaceae. In: C. G. G. J. van Steenis (ed.), Flora Malesiana (ser. 1) 5: 300 - 304. Djakarta.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dogignard, A. (2009). Contributions à la connaissance de la flore du Maroc et de l'Afrique du Nord. Nouvelle série. 2. La flore du Nord-Maroc Journal de Botanique Société de Botanique de France 46-47: 1-136.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Lambdon, P. (2012). Flowering plants & ferns of St Helena: 1-624. Pisces publications for St Helena nature conservation group.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Sant'Ana Melhem, T., das Graças Lapa Wanderley, M., Ehlin Martins, S., Jung-Mendaçolli, S.L., Shepherd, G.J. & Kirizawa, M. (eds.) (2007). Flora Fanerogâmica do Estado de São Paulo 5: 1-476. Instituto de Botânica, São Paulo.
  • Sykes, W.R. (1970). Contributions to the flora of Niue Bulletin, New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research 200: 1-321.
  • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 1: 1-988. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.
  • Zizka, G. (1991). Flowering plants of Easter island Palmarum Hortus Francofurtensis 3: 1-108.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/