Maerua holstii Pax

First published in H.G.A.Engler, Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 187 (1895)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is S. Somalia to E. Tanzania. It is a shrub and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Descriptions

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Straggling or scrambling shrub up to at least 3 m tall; young stems covered with brownish hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets obovate to oblong-obovate, 20–85 x 15–55 mm, rounded at the apex, pubescent; petiole 20–30 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers solitary or in 2–4-flowered racemes; pedicels 10–25 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Receptacle 7–10 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 12–23 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals c. 5 mm long, yellowish white
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens many
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary ovoid, c. 2 mm long, pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits subglobose, up to 4 cm in diam.
Distribution
S3; E Kenya, E Tanzania
Ecology
Altitude range 20–25 m.
[FSOM]

Capparidaceae, J. Elffers, R. A. Graham & G. P. Dewolf. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1964

Morphology General Habit
Straggling or scrambling shrub, up to perhaps 3 m. tall.
Morphology Stem
Young twigs densely covered with sometimes spreading, fulvous, rather bristly hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate, 3-foliolate; blade obovate to oblong-obovate, 2–8.5 cm. long, 1.5–5.5 cm. wide, apically rounded or somewhat truncate, basally broadly cuneate, pubescent; petiole 2–3 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 2–4-flowered terminal and lateral racemes or the flowers solitary in the leaf-axils; pedicels 1–2.5 cm. long, becoming stout.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 12–20(–23) mm. long, pubescent on both surfaces; receptacle 7–10 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals about 5 mm. long, cream.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens ± 44; filaments 3–4 cm. long, markedly rigidly exserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary ovoid, ± 2 mm. long, usually densely pubescent; stigma broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits subspheroid, up to 4 cm. in diameter, densely verruculose, green, glabrescent, with the small stigma persistent.
Habitat
Lowland rain-forest, sometimes in dense shade, and in deciduous woodland in dry sandy places; 30–450 m.
Distribution
K7 T3 T6 T8 not known elsewhere
[FTEA]

Sources

  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0