Agrostemma githago L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 435 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is SE. & E. Europe to N. Iran. It is an annual and grows primarily in the temperate biome.

Descriptions

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2016) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 1: Elatinaceae to Sphenocleaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Annual, 25–40cm
Morphology Stem
Stem erect, with dense long white pilose eglandular hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves narrowly lanceolate to linear, 20–120 mm × 2–8 mm, apex acute-acuminate, densely pubescent-pilose with eglandular hairs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts similar to cauline leaves but smaller in size
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicel 2–8.5 cm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 2–(3) in lax dichasial cymes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 35–43 mm, cylindrical to ovoid; tube 14–18 mm long, inflated in fruit, with pubescent-pilose eglandular hairs outside, teeth 21–27 mm long, apex acute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petal 25–28 mm long; limbs purple-mauve, 15–14 × ± 11 mm, apex emarginate, shorter than calyx teeth; claw white, 11–13 mm long, narrowly cuneate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens and styles exserted.
Ecology
Mountain slopes, under Populus trees, near water; alt. 1350–2200 m.;
Phenology
Flowering: Jun.–Aug.
Distribution
Rare in mountain-forest region of Iraq. Europe to China.
[FIQ]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Common Names

English
Corn Cockle

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora of Iraq

    • Ghazanfar, S. A., Edmondson, J. R. (Eds). (2013-2019). Flora of Iraq, Volumes 5.1, 5.2 and 6.0. Kew Publishing
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images