Barringtonia racemosa (L.) Spreng.

First published in Syst. Veg., ed. 16. 3: 127 (1826)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Kenya to KwaZulu-Natal and W. Pacific. It is a shrub or tree and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome.

Descriptions

Lecythidaceae, G. R. W. Sangai (East African Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Tree 2–12(–27) m. tall, with grey and yellow, greyish or yellowish-brown smooth or fissured bark, sometimes with pneumatophores as in mangroves; bark on young branches very tough; leaf-scars conspicuous; crown with spreading branches.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves shortly petiolate; blades obovate-oblong, or usually elliptic, to elongate-oblanceolate, (5–)15–36(–42) cm. long, (2–)6–14(–16) cm. wide, acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, often rounded at the extreme base, glabrous, crenulate; petiole 0.25–1.5 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers many in pendulous racemes 20–70(–100) cm. long; pedicels 0.3–1.6(–2.5) cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx green, mostly flushed pink or deep purple, splitting into (2–)3–4(–5) lobes, 0.75–1.5 cm. long, 0.5–1.25 cm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white, often tinged pink outside, elliptic, 1.2–3 cm. long, 0.5–1.5 cm. wide, adnate to the staminal tube.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens white or pinkish tinged, numerous, in several rows, 2.2–3.7(–5) cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary ± globular, (2–)3–4(–6, fide Kirk)-locular; ovules 2–3 in each locule; style red, (2–)3–6.2 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit ± ellipsoid or conic, round in section or sometimes distinctly angular, 3–7(–9) cm. long, 2–4(–5.5) cm. wide, scarcely glossy, mostly dull and rather rough; endocarp fleshy-fibrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed ovoid or subtetragonous, 2–4 cm. long, 1–2.5 cm. wide.
Figures
Fig. 1/1–7.
Habitat
In forest by rivers and streams in coastal belt and some short way inland, also often between the mangroves and bordering grassland or bush with roots often in the water; 0–450(–750) m.
Distribution
K7 P T3 T6 T8 Z Somali Republic, Mozambique, Natal, Seychelles, Comores, Madagascar, thence extending to S. Asiatic coast, Malesia, tropical Australia and into the Pacific
[FTEA]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Tree up to at least 12 m tall
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades elliptic to obovate-oblong or oblanceolate, (5–)15–36(–42) x (2–)6–14(–16) cm, acuminate at the apex, glabrous; petiole 2.5–15 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers many, in long hanging racemes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx splitting into (2–)3–4(–5) lobes, 7.5–15 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white, often tinged pink outside, 12–30 x 5–15 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments white or pinkish, 22–37(–50) mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary ± globular; style (2–)3–6.2 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 3–7(–9) x 2–4(–5.5) cm, sometimes angular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed 2–4 x 1–2.5 cm.
Distribution
S3 eastern coast of Africa, Comoro Is., Madagascar and eastwards to the Pacific.
Ecology
Grows at or near sea level.
Vernacular
De-quen (Somali).
[FSOM]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/160298203/160301831

Conservation
LC - least concern
[IUCN]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images