Suregada Roxb. ex Rottler

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, W. Indian Ocean, S. China, Taiwan, Tropical Asia.

[FZ]

Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

Morphology General Habit
Dioecious, sometimes monoecious, usually glabrous trees or shrubs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, shortly petiolate, stipulate, simple, entire, denticulate or crenate-serrate, vesicular-punctate, penninerved.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules soon falling, leaving prominent scars.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers pedicellate; sepals (4)5–6(8), free, imbricate, subequal, glandular or not; petals absent; disk annular, sometimes lobed; staminodes 5–10; ovary 2–4-celled, with 1 ovule per cell; styles 2–4, united at the base, bifid or multifid, short. Flowers fasciculate or glomerulate in leaf-opposed cymules, or subsolitary, somewhat gummy at first; bracts minute. Male flowers usually pedicellate; sepals (4)5–6(7), free, imbricate, unequal, glandular or not; petals absent; disk glands usually interstaminal, confluent; stamens 6–30 (African species), free, anthers dorsifixed, extrorse, longitudinally dehiscent at the back; pistillode absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 2–4-lobed or subglobose, dehiscing into bivalved cocci, loculicidal or indehiscent; exocarp smooth or reticulate; endocarp woody, coriaceous or crustaceous; columella persistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ecarunculate; exotesta pulpy; endotesta crustaceous; albumen fleshy; cotyledons broad, flat.

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Dioecious or sometimes monoecious trees or shrubs, usually glabrous but occasionally with a simple indumentum
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, shortly petiolate, stipulate, simple, usually entire, vesicular-punctate or -zonate, chartaceous or coriaceous, penninerved
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules soon caducous, leaving prominent scars
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in leaf-opposed, glomerulate or fasciculate, sessile or pedunculate, uni- or bisexual cymules, ± gummy when young bracts; minute Female flowers pedicellate; sepals (4–)5(–8), free, imbricate, subequal, sometimes with a central glandular boss; petals 0; disc annular, sometimes lobate; staminodes 5–10, stamen-like or minute and subulate; ovary (2–)3(–4)-locular, with 1 ovule per locule; styles (2–)3(–4), united at the base, divaricate, bifid or multifid, stigmas linear or subulate, not persistent Male flowers usually pedicellate; sepals (4–)5(–7), free, imbricate, unequal, the outer ones sometimes with a central glandular boss, the inner ones petaloid; petals 0; receptacular glands or an annular disc present, but never both; stamens (6–)10–25(–60), free, anthers medifixed, extrorse, 2-thecous, longitudinally dehiscent at the back, pistillode 0
sex Male
Male flowers usually pedicellate; sepals (4–)5(–7), free, imbricate, unequal, the outer ones sometimes with a central glandular boss, the inner ones petaloid; petals 0; receptacular glands or an annular disc present, but never both; stamens (6–)10–25(–60), free, anthers medifixed, extrorse, 2-thecous, longitudinally dehiscent at the back, pistillode 0
sex Female
Female flowers pedicellate; sepals (4–)5(–8), free, imbricate, subequal, sometimes with a central glandular boss; petals 0; disc annular, sometimes lobate; staminodes 5–10, stamen-like or minute and subulate; ovary (2–)3(–4)-locular, with 1 ovule per locule; styles (2–)3(–4), united at the base, divaricate, bifid or multifid, stigmas linear or subulate, not persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit (1–)3(–4)-lobed or subglobose, dehiscing into as many bivalved cocci, or loculicidal, or else an indehiscent drupe; exocarp smooth or reticulate; endocarp subligneous, thinly crustaceous or firmly coriaceous; columella persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovoid, with a thin pulpy sarcotesta and a crustaceous smooth or foveolate-reticulate endotesta, ecarunculate; albumen fleshy; cotyledons broad, flat.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Trees or shrubs, usually glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, usually entire, areas between veins on upper side raised into distinctive swellings; stipules caducous, leaving prominent scars
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Usually dioecious; flowers in leaf-opposed cymules which are ± glutinous when young
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers: sepals (4–)5–6(–8), imbricate, subequal; petals absent; disc annular; staminodes 5–10; ovary (2–)3(–4)-celled, ovules solitary; styles with linear lobes, united at base Male flowers: sepals (4–)5–6(–7), imbricate, innermost petaloid; petals absent; disc annular or of free glands; stamens (6–)10–25(–60), free; pistillode absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a capsule, sometimes indehiscent, or drupe
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovoid, outer testa fleshy; caruncle absent.
Distribution
About 32 species in the Old World Tropics, of which eight are found in Africa.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, Cape Provinces, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Ghana, Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Mozambique, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Philippines, Réunion, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Suregada Roxb. ex Rottler appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Neue Schriften Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 4: 206 (1803)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Neue Schriften 4: 206 (1803).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. G. Gilbert [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • J. Léon. in B.J.B.B. 28: 443 (1958)
  • in F.C.B. 8: 124 (1962)
  • in Ges. Nat. Fr. Berlin, Neue Schr., 4: 206 (1803)

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0