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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Mozambique to Cape Prov.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Celastraceae, N. K. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or tree 1–12 m. high; branches angular and brownish-green when young, becoming vinous red with whitish lenticels and eventually terete and grey with prominent brownish lenticels.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with lamina dark green or greyish-green above, usually paler below, 3·5–7 × 1·2–3·5 cm., elliptic or oblong to obovate, obtuse to rounded at the apex, with margin usually shallowly crenulate-denticulate, cuneate at the base, chartaceous to subcoriaceous, with densely reticulate venation visible below at first but becoming prominent on both sides; petiole 2–7 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes with peduncle 4–10 mm. long; flowers 3–7 in each dichasium, 5–7 mm. in diam.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4, c. 1 mm. long, broadly ovate to subcircular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4, green, 2·5–3·5 mm. long, obovate, sometimes broadly unguiculate, with or without shallow longitudinal ridges and short fringed appendage at the base, entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 4-locular, semiglobose, c. 1/2-immersed in disk.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe white, up to c. 25 mm. long, globose, smooth.

[FZ]

Celastraceae, N. K. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Tree 2·5–10·5 m. high; branches 4-lined, flattened and pale grey-green to vinous red when young, becoming terete and grey-brown with prominent blackish lenticels.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with lamina greyish-green above, concolorous, 5·3–11·5(15·8) × 2·1–4·4(6·7) cm., oblong to elliptic, acute or very shortly acuminate to obtuse at the apex, with margin indurated, shortly spinulose-denticulate to obtusely glandular-denticulate on flowering shoots, spreading-spinose-dentate on juvenile shoots, cuneate at the base, coriaceous, with densely to rather laxly reticulate venation equally prominent on both sides; petiole 5–11 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes in axil of bract-like prophylls at base of current year’s shoot, rarely also in axil of lowermost foliage leaf; peduncle (2)3–16 mm. long; flowers (1)3–7 in each dichasium, 4–5 mm. in diam., bisexual.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4, all c. 1 mm. long or inner pair shorter, ovate-oblong, rounded, entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4, green to yellow, 1·5–2 mm. long, ovate to oblong, entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk slightly 4-lobed, with lobes shallowly emarginate, flat, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 2-locular, almost completely immersed in the disk except for the style.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe yellow, drying dark red, c. 20 mm. long, ovoid to broadly ovoid, smooth or with a few emergences (“papillae”).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed 1.

Native to:

Cape Provinces, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces

Introduced into:

St.Helena

Elaeodendron croceum (Thunb.) DC. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Gerrard, W.T. [1859], South Africa Elaeodendron capense K000035981
Wood, J.M. [937], South Africa Elaeodendron capense K000035982
Krauss [270], South Africa Elaeodendron capense K000035983 isotype
Krauss [270], South Africa Elaeodendron capense K000035980 isotype
Jul 21, 1993 Ecklon [s.n.], South Africa Crocoxylon excelsum K000035803

First published in Prodr. 2: 11 (1825)

Not accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919. [Cited as Cassine crocea.]

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Lambdon, P. (2012). Flowering plants & ferns of St Helena: 1-624. Pisces publications for St Helena nature conservation group.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0