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This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Tropical Africa.

[FTEA]

Celastraceae, N.K.B. Robson, N. Hallé, B. Mathew & R. Blakelock†. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1994

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or tree 2–18 m. high, with rounded crown; bark dark grey, smooth or finely reticulate; branches 4-lined or not, flattened to angular and pale grey when young, becoming terete and red-brown to grey-brown or whitish with prominent whitish lenticels.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with lamina greyish green and often ± glossy above, paler beneath, elliptic or oblanceolate to broadly obovate, 3.5–12.6 × 1.8–7.2 cm., obtuse or subacute or apiculate to rounded at the apex, with margin recurved or somewhat indurated, spreading- to erect- or rarely incurved-spinulose-glandular-dentate to -denticulate or subentire, cuneate to attenuate at the base, coriaceous, with relatively laxly reticulate venation more prominent above than beneath; petiole 2–15 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes in axils of bracts on specialised shoots 5–20 mm. long arising from axils of bract-like prophylls or lowermost foliage leaves on current shoots, forming few-flowered paniculate inflorescences or often reduced to 1–3-flowered pseudocymes; peduncle (of cymes) absent or up to ± 3 mm. long; pedicels up to 2.5 mm. long or almost absent, angular, articulated at the base; flowers 1–4 in each cyme, 4–6.5 mm. in diameter, unisexual (plants dioecious).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals (4–)5, subequal, ± 1 mm. long, broadly ovate to semicircular, rounded, with margin entire or minutely serrulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals (4–)5, white or pale yellow, ovate to oblong, 2–3 mm. long, often shortly clawed with raised longitudinal ridges often ending as a fringed appendage below 2 parallel depressions, entire.
sex Male
Male flowers:stamens (4–)5, ± 2 mm. long; disc subentire, shallowly concave; pistillode immersed in disc.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers:staminodes (4–)5, ± 1 mm. long; disc (4–)5-angled, concave; ovary (2–)3-locular, ± 2 mm. long, ovoid-conic. Male flowers:stamens (4–)5, ± 2 mm. long; disc subentire, shallowly concave; pistillode immersed in disc.
sex Female
Female flowers:staminodes (4–)5, ± 1 mm. long; disc (4–)5-angled, concave; ovary (2–)3-locular, ± 2 mm. long, ovoid-conic.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe white, ellipsoid to subglobose, 12–22 mm. long, smooth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed 1.
Figures
Fig. 7/1–3.
Habitat
Dry deciduous woodland, especially on alluvium, fringing forest and on termite mounds; 0–1500 m.
Distribution
K4 K7 T1 T3 T5 T6 T8

[FZ]

Celastraceae, N. K. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or tree 2–18 m. high; branches 4-lined or not, flattened to angular and pale grey to purplish when young, becoming terete and red-brown to grey-brown or whitish with prominent whitish lenticels.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with lamina greyish-green and often ± glossy above, paler beneath, 3·5–12·6 × 1·8–7·2 cm., elliptic or oblong to oblanceolate or broadly obovate, obtuse or apiculate to rounded at the apex, with margin recurved or somewhat indurated, spreading- to erect- or rarely incurved-spinulose-glandular-dentate to -denticulate or subentire, cuneate to angustate at the base, coriaceous, with relatively laxly reticulate venation more prominent above than beneath; petiole 2–15 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes in axils of bracts on specialised shoots arising from axils of bract-like prophylls or lowermost foliage leaves on current year’s shoot, forming few-flowered paniculate inflorescences or often reduced to 1–3-flowered pseudocymes; peduncle (of cymes) up to c. 3 mm. long or absent; flowers 1–4 in each cyme, 4–6·5 mm. in diam., bisexual (or polygamous?).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals (4)5, c. 1 mm. long, broadly ovate to semicircular, rounded, entire or minutely serrulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals (4)5, white or pale yellow, 2–3 mm. long, ovate to oblong, often shortly unguiculate, with raised longitudinal ridges often ending as a fringed appendage below 2 parallel depressions, entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens (4)5.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk (4)5-lobed, flat or convex, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary (2)3-locular, ovoid-conic, immersed in the disk.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe white, drying dark red or brown, 12–22 mm. long, ellipsoid to subglobose, smooth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed 1.

Native to:

Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Elaeodendron schlechterianum (Loes.) Loes. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Drummond, R.B. [4076], Kenya Cassine stuhlmannii 11557.000

First published in H.G.A.Engler & K.A.E.Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam., Nachtr. 1: 223 (1897)

Not accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919. [Cited as Cassine schlechteriana.]

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Loes. in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien III. 5, Nachtr. 1: 223 (1897)
  • Loes. in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2, 20b: 173 (1942).
  • N. Robson & Sousa, Fl. Moçamb. 48: 35 (1969).
  • N. Robson in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 387 (1966).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0