Gymnosporia putterlickioides Loes.

First published in Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1894: 25 (1894)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is S. Ethiopia to Limpopo. It is a shrub or tree and grows primarily in the subtropical biome.

Descriptions

Celastraceae, N.K.B. Robson, N. Hallé, B. Mathew & R. Blakelock†. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1994

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree 1–6 m. high, often bushy or straggling, with spines up to 6.7(–8.3) cm. long, without latex; branches flattened, angular, reddish brown and pubescent or puberulous when young, becoming terete, often striate, with ± numerous pale lenticels, eventually greyish.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves frequently fasciculate, usually on spines, petiolate; lamina paler below, elliptic or oblong-elliptic to obovate or oblanceolate, 0.7–9 × 0.6–4 cm., obtuse to rounded or emarginate, with margin subentire to shallowly crenulate or remotely glandular-denticulate, cuneate to attenuate at the base, membranous to chartaceous, fawn pubescent or puberulous on both sides, with lateral nerves and densely reticulate venation slightly prominent on both sides; petiole 1–3 mm. long, pubescent or puberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes 1.5–4.5(–5.2) cm. long, regularly dichasial or submonochasial, solitary and axillary or 2–5 in fascicles on short shoots, with peduncle (2–)5–18(–36) mm. long, pubescent; pedicels ± 4–10 mm. long, articulated near the base, pubescent; flowers ± 7–20(–40) in each cyme, (6–)8–10 mm. in diameter, scented, bisexual.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, subequal, broadly ovate to subcircular, rounded, ± 1 mm. long, pubescent outside and usually on entire or subentire margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, white or cream, obovate to oblong, 4–5(–6) mm. long, with margin irregularly ciliolate-fimbriate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5, with filaments 1.5–2 mm. long, slender, arising below the disc; anthers sometimes sparsely pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc broad, red, convex, ± shallowly 5-lobed, glabrous or pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 3-locular, subglobose, puberulous, ± half-immersed in the disc; style ± twice as long as the ovary, 3-fid at the apex; stigmas small.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule orange to brick-red, 4–6 mm. long, flattened-subglobose or obconic–3-gonous, subcarnose to coriaceous, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds (2–)3, reddish brown, glossy, completely or almost completely enclosed by thin whitish aril.
Figures
Fig. 1.
Habitat
Dry deciduous woodland, thickets, termite mounds and riverine areas; 30–1800 m.
Distribution
K1 K3 K4 K6 K7 T3 T4 T5 T7 T8
[FTEA]

Celastraceae, N. K. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree 1–3(6) m. high, often bushy or straggling, with spines up to 1·8 cm. long, terminal or axillary on short branches without latex; branches flattened, angular, reddish-brown, reddish-brown- or fawn-pubescent or -puberulous when young, becoming terete, often longitudinally striate, with numerous pale lenticels and eventually greyish.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves frequently fasciculate, petiolate; lamina 1·8–7·5(9) × 1–4 cm., elliptic or oblong-elliptic to obovate or oblanceolate, obtuse to rounded or emarginate at the apex, with margin subentire to shallowly crenulate or remotely glandular-denticulate, cuneate to angustate at the base, membranous to chartaceous, fawn-pubescent or -puberulous on both sides, with lateral veins and dense reticulate venation slightly prominent on both sides; petiole 1–5 mm. long, pubescent or puberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes regularly dichasial or submonochasial, solitary and axillary or 2–5 in fascicles on short shoots, with peduncle (3)5–18(36) mm. long, pubescent; pedicels c. 4–10 mm. long, articulated near the base, pubescent; flowers c. 7–20(40) in each cyme, (6)8–10 mm. in diam., scented.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, subequal, c. 1 mm. long, broadly ovate to subcircular, rounded, pubescent outside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, white or cream, 4–5(6) mm. long, obovate to oblong, sessile, with margin irregularly ciliolate-fimbriate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5, with filaments 1·5–2 mm. long, slender, arising below the disk.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk red, broad, convex, ± shallowly 5-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 3-locular, subglobose, puberulous, c. 1/2-immersed in disk; style c. twice as long as ovary, 3-fid at the apex; stigmas small.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule orange, 4–6 mm. long, flattened-subglobose or obconic-3-gonous, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds (2)3, reddish-brown, completely enclosed by an aril.
[FZ]

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0