Scadoxus Raf.

First published in Fl. Tellur. 4: 19 (1838)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Tropical & S. Africa, Arabian Peninsula.

Descriptions

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Vegetative Multiplication Bulbs
Bulbs with distinct rhizomatous part
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petioles sheathing to form a false stem
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Many-flowered inflorescence subtended by 4 or more, free or partly fused involucral bracts
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pink to red, on long pedicels, with a distinct narrowly cylindrical tube and spreading linear segments
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments red, filiform and semipatent; anthers yellow, small
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits red berries with 1–3 rather large seeds with pale testa.
Distribution
Nine species in tropical Africa south to Natal, the only species in Somalia also reaching the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula.
Note
The species of Scadoxus were up to recently referred to Haemanthus L., which is, however, a distinct genus restricted to South Africa.
[FSOM]

Amaryllidaceae, Inger Nordal (University of Oslo). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

Morphology General Habit
Rhizomatous or bulb with a distinct rhizomatous part
Morphology Leaves
Petioles often sheathing and forming a false stem; leaf-blade lanceolate to ovate, glabrous, thin apart from midrib
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Scape solid, lateral or apparently central among the leaves; involucral bracts 4–many, soon drooping and withering or erect and conspicuous at anthesis
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers many, regular, red to pink, with tube and free segments, usually erect and hypocrateriform, more rarely pendulous and infundibuliform; segments with±distinctglandular hairs at apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments from the base of the perianth-segments, filiform or flattened
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose, with 1–2 ovules per locule; style with undivided to minutely tricuspidate stigma
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a globose berry, orange to red
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1–3, globose, with pale testa.
[FTEA]

Flora Zambesiaca Amaryllidaceae by C. Zimudzi, R.H. Archer, E.G. Kwembeya & I. Nordal

Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary globose, with 1–2 ovules per locule; style with undivided to minutely tricuspidate stigma.
Morphology General Habit
Herbaceous plants; bulb with a well-developed rhizomatous part.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves lanceolate to ovate, glabrous, thin apart from distinct midrib; appearing during or after flowering.
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petioles sheathing and forming a distinct pseudostem.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Scape
Scape solid, lateral or central among the leaves; involucral bracts 4 to several, differing in size, either drooping, soon withering, or erect and conspicuous at anthesis.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers many, regular, red to pink, with cylindrical tube and free segments.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments from base of perianth segments, filiform (rarely flattened).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a globose berry, orange to red; seeds 1–3, globose, with pale testa.
Ecology
A genus of 9 woodland and forest species in Subsaharan Africa, reaching Yemen.
[FZ]

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0