Genus:
Atriplex L.

Atriplex halimus L.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Medit. to W. Iraq and NE. Tropical Africa, Arabian Peninsula.

[FTEA]

Chenopodiaceae, J. P. M. Brenan. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1954

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or woody herb, much branched, 0.5–3 m. high, densely mealy all over so that the whole plant is whitish to pale grey-green.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate to oblong or elliptic, mostly 1–4 cm. long, 0.4–2.5 (–3) cm. wide, rounded to acute at apex, broadly or narrowly cuneate at base, entire or sometimes with a projecting lateral lobe on each side in lower part.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a terminal panicle with spiciform mostly leafless ultimate branchlets.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruiting bracteoles sessile, their basal connate part absent or very short indeed (to 1.5 mm.); free apical part of each bracteole reniform to broadly deltoid-ovate, as broad as or more commonly broader than long, 2.5–6 mm. long, 3–8 mm. wide, acute to rounded at apex, cordate or sometimes truncate or very broadly cuneate at base.
Distribution
K3 K4 K5 K6 (of species as a whole). Mediterranean Region from France and Spain to Syria and TransjordanNorth AfricaTanganyikaapparently in Madagascar

[FZ]

Chenopodiaceae, J. P. M. Brenan. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or woody herb, procumbent or sprawling (probably always so in the Flora Zambesiaca area) to suberect, 0.5–3 m. high, densely mealy all over so that the whole plant is whitish to pale grey-green.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate to oblong or elliptic in outline, 1–4 cm. long, 0.4–2.5 (3) cm. wide, rounded to acute at apex, cuneate to attenuate at base, entire or sometimes with 1 (2) obscure shallow lobes or teeth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a terminal panicle with the ultimate branches spiciform and mostly leafless; lower flower clusters in leaf axils.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruiting bracteoles sessile, their basal connate part absent or very short, up to 1.5 mm.; free apical part of each bracteole reniform to broadly deltoid-ovate, as broad as or more commonly broader than long, 2.5–7 mm. long, 3–9 mm. wide, acute to rounded at apex, cordate or sometimes truncate or very broadly cuneate at base, smooth to conspiciously muricate or tuberculate in centre; margins on either side with 1–4 obscure to pronounced teeth.

Native to:

Algeria, Baleares, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Greece, Iraq, Italy, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Palestine, Portugal, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Somalia, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey, Western Sahara

Introduced into:

Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Belgium, Great Britain, Iran

English
Shrubby Orache, Tree Purslane

Atriplex halimus L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Chevalier, L. [613], Algeria K000243881 Yes
Chevalier, L. [614], Algeria K000243882 No
Chevalier, L. [482], Algeria K000243883 No
Chevalier, L. [481], Algeria K000243884 Yes
Chevalier, L. [615], Algeria K000243885 No
Bove [2], Canary Is. K000243888 Yes
Kuntze [s.n.], Canary Is. K000243889 Yes
Sheahan, M-C. [MCS265], United Kingdom K000696385 No

First published in Sp. Pl.: 1052 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Bergmeier, E., Blockeel, T., Böhling, N., Fournaraki, C., Gotsiou, P., Jahn, R., Lansdown, R. & Turland, N. (2011). An inventory of the vascular plants and bryophytes of Gavdopoula island (S Aegean, Greece) and its phytogeographical significance Willdenowia 41: 179-189.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flore des Mascareignes 136-148: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dobignard, A., Jacquemoud, F. & Jordan, D. (1992). Matériaux pour la conaissance floristique du Sahara occidental et l'Anti-Atlas méridional. I. Pteridophyta à Rosaceae Candollea 47: 113-179.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Freitag, H. & al. (2001). Flora of Pakistan 204: 1-217. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Edmandson, J.R. (eds.) (2016). Flora of Iraq 5(1): 1-284. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Guinea, E. (1948). Catálogo razonado de las plantas del Sáhara Español Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 8: 357-429.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh university press.
  • Parslow, R. & Bennallick, I. (2017). The new flora of the Isles of Scilly: 1-539. Parslow Press.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.
  • Vladimirov, V. Aybeke, M. & Kit Tan (2018). New floristic records in the Balkans: 37 Phytologia Balcanica 24: 397-461.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Edmandson, J.R. (eds.) (2016). Flora of Iraq 5(1): 1-284. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Parslow, R. & Bennallick, I. (2017). The new flora of the Isles of Scilly: 1-539. Parslow Press.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Aellen in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 70: 11 (1939).
  • Aschers. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 5 (1): 150 (1913).
  • L., Sp. Pl., ed. 1, 1052 (1753).

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Living Collection Database

    Common Names from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Living Collection https://www.kew.org/

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images