Monstera oreophila Madison

First published in Contr. Gray Herb. 207: 54 (1977)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Costa Rica to Panama. It is a climber and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome.

Descriptions

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 1000 - 1500 m.; Pacífico.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba, trepadora, hemiepífita
Conservation
No Evaluada
[CPLC]

CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

General Description

Stem epiphytic, climbing,1.5 – 2.5 cm thick, internodes 2 – 3 cm long. Petiole: a little longer than blade, 35 – 55 cm long, sheath membranaceous, marcescent; blade ovate, 35 – 50 cm long, 17 – 30 cm wide, base broadly truncate, apex shortly mucronate, entire or perforated, perforations 1 – 2-seriate on each side; primary lateral veins numerous, patent, 25 – 50 on each side, parallel, 5 – 10 mm distant from one another; secondary lateral veins subparallel. Peduncle: 20 – 30 cm long. Spathe: salmon coloured, 15 – 22 cm long. Fruiting spadix: white, 15 – 20 cm long, 3 – 4 cm thick, sessile, cylindric, obtuse.

Madison 1977: 54. Translated from Latin by S.Mayo, 2 July 2009.
Diagnostic

Monstera oreophila, like M. siltepecana, has a salmon- or rose-colored spathe and deciduous petiole sheath wings; it differs in having a peduncle twice as long, yellowish white instead of dark green fruit and leaves with numerous parallel veins rather than a few reticulated ones. Monstera epipremnoides is separated by its pale yellow spathe and leaves regularly pinnatifid rather than with entire margins. The most distinctive feature of M. oreophila is the large number (25 – 50) of parallel primary lateral veins only 5 – 10 mm apart.

Madison 1977: 54.
[CATE]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Pacific. Elevation range: 1000–1500 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Chocó.
Habit
Herb, Hemiepiphyte, Climbing.
[UPFC]

Sources

  • CATE Araceae

    • Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0