Monstera siltepecana Matuda

First published in Revista Soc. Mex. Hist. Nat. 11: 97 (1950)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is S. Mexico to Central America. It is a climber and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome.


CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

General Description

Juvenile: terrestrial creeper, internodes 1 – 3 cm long, leaves exserted and erect, lamina ovate to widely ovate, cordate at the base, acuminate or acute, membranaceous, unequal with one side 1.1 to 2.0 times wider than the other. Adult stem: subterete, smooth, in climbing shoots 2.0 – 3.5 cm thick, internodes 4 – 8 cm long; in stolons 1 – 2 cm thick with internodes 20 – 30 cm long; leaf scars narrow, the ends of each joining in the back of the stem; axillary buds lanceolate to ovate, acuminate, in a depression in the stem not extended into a sulcus. Petiole: 30 – 45 cm long, about equal in length to the lamina, vaginate to the geniculum, the wings neatly deciduous, the geniculum 3.0 – 4.5 cm long. Lamina: subcoriaceous, ovate, unequal, sometimes falcate or the midrib curved, 30 – 60 cm long, 20 – 35 cm wide, broadly cordate at the base, the tip acuminate; margins entire, perforations mostly numerous in 2 to 4 series on each side of the midrib, round near the midrib, elongate near the margin (rarely perforations only one or two); the primary lateral veins parallel, 8 – 12 in number, secondary lateral veins reticulate. Peduncle: smooth, green, terete, 8 – 20 mm thick, 5 – 12 cm long. Spathe: thickly coriaceous, greenish-white outside, rose-colored within, 18 – 25 cm long, 15 – 20 cm around, cuspidate. Flowering spadix: white, cylindric, 10 – 13 cm long, 3.0 – 3.5 cm thick; flowers near the base sterile, the fertile pistils prismatic; stigma round, sessile. Fruiting spadix: deep green, cylindric, 12 – 17 cm long, 4.5 – 6.0 cm thick, the berries mostly one-seeded; seeds light brown, 6 – 7 mm long, 3 – 5 mm wide, 2 – 3 mm thick.

Madison 1977: 56 - 57.

Monstera siltepecana is a distinctive species. Its outstanding features are the numerous leaf perforations in several series, the reticulate secondary venation, the spathe which is rose-colored within, and the thick, dark green, fruiting spadices. It is most closely allied to M. oreophila and M. adansonii var. laniata of southern Central America.

Madison 1977: 54.


  • CATE Araceae

    • Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants.