Atriplex semibaccata R.Br.

First published in Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 406 (1810)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is SW., E. & SE. Australia. It is a perennial or subshrub and grows primarily in the desert or dry shrubland biome.

Descriptions

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2016) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 1: Elatinaceae to Sphenocleaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Subshrub, very branched at base, with prostrate or ascending shoots up to 1 m
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 2–5 × 0.6–1 cm, oblong to lanceolate, entire or sinuate-dentate to lobate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence leafy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Valves rhombic, to 5 mm, connate in lower half, reddish or mauve coloured, sclerified, entire or toothed, mostly without tubercles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1–2 mm in diameter, brown.
Ecology
Saline soil, dry rocky slopes, screes, waste places; alt.: to 250 m;
Phenology
Flowering & fruiting: Jul.–Sep.
Distribution
Iraq: Widespread alien plant in the deserts that has become common in many adjacent areas. Native in Australia, cultivated and escaped in Mediterranean area, S Africa, subtropical parts of America, Polynesia.
[FIQ]

Chenopodiaceae, J. P. M. Brenan. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1954

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb, sometimes fruiting in its first year, or thinly woody shrub, grey to grey-green, mealy especially on leaves beneath; stems prostrate, up to 1 m. long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves oblanceolate, oblong-lanceolate or sometimes narrowly obovate, 0.5–3 (–4) cm. long, 0.2–0.8 (–1) cm. wide, rounded to acute at apex, cuneate at base, entire or with up to 6 small teeth along each margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers clustered in leaf-axils, upper clusters male and female mixed, lower female.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruiting bracteoles free to about or below middle, when fresh their lower part swollen, smooth, fleshy, usually cherry-red, sometimes greenish, when dry flattened, veiny, and appearing cuneate into a very short pedicel; basal connate part about 1–3 mm. long; free apical part of each bracteole ovate-triangular, acute, 2–3 mm. long, 3–4 mm. wide, entire or with 1–5 minute teeth on each margin; bracteoles smooth on back, rarely with 1–2 dorsal projections.
Habitat
Weed of gardens and cultivated land
Distribution
native of Australiaintroduced into other parts of the worldnaturalized in South Africa and elsewhere K3
[FTEA]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Common Names

English
Berry Saltbush

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora of Iraq

    • Ghazanfar, S. A., Edmondson, J. R. (Eds). (2013-2019). Flora of Iraq, Volumes 5.1, 5.2 and 6.0. Kew Publishing
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0