Chironia L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 190 (1753)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Tropical & S. Africa.

Descriptions

Gentianaceae, J. Paiva & I. Nogueira. Flora Zambesiaca 7:4. 1990

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs, rarely suffrutescent.
Morphology Stem
Stems erect, simple or branched at the apex or straggling, rarely radicant.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves cauline and in basal rosette (sometimes soon deciduous); the cauline ones linear, linear-lanceolate, ovate-lanceolate to ovate-cordate, sometimes much reduced, sessile, or amplexicaul, rarely cuneate to a petiole-like base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 5-merous in a lax, few-many-flowered cyme, sometimes solitary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 5-lobed, sometimes winged on the keel and decurrent on the tube, without basal glands.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla tube campanulate or cylindric; lobes 5, spreading, usually as long as or longer than the tube, without nectaries.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5, inserted at the throat of the corolla; filaments without scales at the base; anthers straight or twisted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose to cylindric-globose, unilocular; ovules numerous; style simple, terete usually becoming hooked at the apex; stigma subcapitate or bilobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule septicidally bivalved, rarely baccate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds numerous, subglobose; testa faveolate.
[FZ]

Gentianaceae, Sileshi Nemomissa. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herb, suffrutescent or herbaceous
Morphology Stem
Stem simple or branched
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sometimes in basal rosette (often soon deciduous); cauline leaves sometimes reduced
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences in many- to few-flowered cymes, rarely flowers solitary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 5-merous, showy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx with short tube; lobes without basal glands, sometimes winged at the keel
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla tube cylindrical, slightly widened at the throat; lobes usually as long as, or longer than the tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments inserted into the corolla tube, without scale at the base; anthers straight or twisted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary unilocular; ovules numerous; style usually hooked at apex; stigma subcapitate or bilobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule bivalved
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds numerous.
[FTEA]

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0