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This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia to NW. & N. Venezuela. It is has environmental uses, as animal food and a medicine and for food.
Myrcianthes leucoxyla (Ortega) McVaugh

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Ecology
Alt. 2650 - 3200 m.
Distribution
Native from Colombia.
Conservation
Not Evaluated.
Morphology General Habit
Shrub.

[UNAL]
Vernacular
Arrayán, Levaduro, Mirto, Mortiño

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 2650 - 3200 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Arbusto, arbolito
Conservation
No Evaluada

[UNAL]
Vernacular
Arrayán

[UNAL]
Vernacular
Arrayán

[UPB]
Use Animal Food
Eaten by birds (Florez-Cárdenas et al. 2010).
Use Environmental Boundary Barrier Support Plants
Live plant (in situ) - Used as a barrier (Florez-Cárdenas et al. 2010). Entire plant - Boundary markers (Galvis & Morales 2010).
Use Food
Infructescences - Used to prepare alcoholic beverage known as chicha (Alarcón 2001). Food (Romero Castañeda 1961). Infructescences - Edible fruits, eaten raw or used to make jam (Ortiz et al. 2005).
Use Materials Wood
Entire plant - Used to make wooden tools (Ortiz et al. 2005).
Use Materials Unspecified Materials Chemicals
Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Medicines Muscular-Skeletal System Disorders
Infructescences - Fruits are chewed and used as an spasmodic (Lagos-López 2007). Leaves - Leaves are chewed and used as an spasmodic (Lagos-López 2007).
Use Medicines Pain
Leaves - Used to alleviate toothache in folk medicine (Ortiz et al. 2005, Lagos-López 2007, Galvis & Morales 2010, Florez-Cárdenas et al. 2010). Infructescences - Fruits are chewed and used to alleviate toothache (Ortiz et al. 2005, Lagos-López 2007, Galvis & Morales 2010, Florez-Cárdenas et al. 2010).
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016, Instituto Humboldt 2014).

Native to:

Colombia, Venezuela

Spanish
Arrayan, guayabo, mirto, levaduro.

Myrcianthes leucoxyla (Ortega) McVaugh appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Fieldiana, Bot. 29: 491 (1963)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R., Sobral, N., Ashton, P., Barrie, F., Holst, B.K., Landrum, L.L., Matsumoto, K., Fernanda Mazine, F., Nic Lughadha, E., Proença, C. & al. (2008). World Checklist of Myrtaceae: 1-455. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

  • Alarcón, J. J. 2011. Plantas aromáticas y medicinales. Enfermedades de importancia y sus usos terapéuticos. Medidas para la temporada invernal. Bogotá: Instituto Colombiano Agropecuario.
  • Florez-Cárdenas, G., Núñez-Izquierdo, O. L., Núñez-Izquierdo, M. M., Ramírez-Mesa, M., & Zusunaga-Quintana, J. A. (2010). 100 Plantas útiles del páramo del Rabanal: Guía para comunidades rurales. Bogotá: Instituto Alexander von Humboldt - CAR - Corpoboyac
  • Galvis-Rueda, M., Morales, M.E. (2010). Páramos de Boyacá, Flora representativa. (1st ed.). Tunja Corporación Autónoma Regional de Boyacá.
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Castro, C. (Proveedor de metadatos), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). Versión 11.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Kew Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) https://www.kew.org/science/data-and-resources/tools-and-services/medicinal-plant-names-services in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org
  • Lagos-López, M. (2007). Estudio etnobotánico de especies vegetales con propiedades medicinales en seis municipios de Boyacá, Colombia. Actualidades Biológicas, 29(86), 87-96.
  • Ortiz, E., Pava de la, R., García, R., Cortés, A. (2015). Retratos agroecológicos de huertas y jardines de la microcuenca del río Curubital. Jardín Botánico de Bogotá José Celestino Mutis, Colombia.
  • Romero Castañeda, R. (1961). Plantas útiles de Colombia. Volumen I. San Juan Eudes, Bogotá.

Universidad Nacional de Colombia

  • García Castro, N. J. (2011). Plantas nativas empleadas en alimentación en Colombia. Instituo de Investigaciones Biológicas Alexander von Humboldt. http://repository.humboldt.org.co/handle/20.500.11761/31275

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Universidad Nacional de Colombia
ColPlantA database
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
ColPlantA database
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/