Myriophyllum aquaticum (Vell.) Verdc.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & S. Tropical America. It is used as a medicine, has environmental uses and for food.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 2100 - 3300 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba, acuática

[FTEA]

Haloragaceae, R. Boutique (Jardin botanique national de Belgique) & B. Verdcourt (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

Morphology General Habit
Aquatic herb, either growing in water, with most of the upper leafy parts above the water-level, or sometimes on mud; stems 0.45–1.2 m. long, simple or sparsely branched, puberulous or glabrous, with up to 1/4 emerging, mostly several from a creeping rhizome.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves all pinnatipartite, in whorls of 4–6, 0.6–2.5(–3) cm. long, often puberulous; lobes alternate or subopposite, 15–17(–35), linear-subulate, 1.8–5(–7) mm. long, 0.13–0.3 mm. wide, ± acute, {PAGE}{PAGE}entire or denticulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers unisexual, monoecious or mostly dioecious, solitary in the leaf-axils, the lower flowers ♀ and the upper ♂. Male flowers:bracteoles 2, linear, 1.5–3 mm. long, 0.1 mm. wide, white, very finely bifid or trifid; pedicel and calyx-tube together at first 1.3–2.5 mm. long, tenuous, later 3.5–5 mm. long, 2 mm. thick; lobes 4, oblong-lanceolate or narrowly triangular, 0.7–1.8 mm. long, 0.4 mm. wide, at first erect, later spreading, minutely serrate; petals 4, boat-shaped, 2.5–5 mm. long, 0.8–1.3 mm. wide, clawed; stamens 4–8, filaments 0.15–5 mm. long; anthers 1.9–3.5 mm. long, 0.4 mm. wide; sometimes minute rudiments of styles present. Female flowers:bracteoles 2, linear, 0.7–1.2 mm. long, 0.15 mm. wide, acute, sub-membranous, toothed at the middle; pedicels 0.3–0.7 mm. long, thick; calyx-tube 0.5–1 mm. long, 0.5–0.6 mm. wide, 4-angled, 4-grooved, the 4 lobes linear, (0.3–)0.5–1 mm. long, at first erect, later reflexed, acute, entire, minutely serrulate or pinnately ± 5-lobed; petals and stamens lacking; stigmas 4, short, 0.45–0.7 mm. long, at first erect, later decurved, capitate or claviform, shortly papillose.
sex Male
Male flowers:bracteoles 2, linear, 1.5–3 mm. long, 0.1 mm. wide, white, very finely bifid or trifid; pedicel and calyx-tube together at first 1.3–2.5 mm. long, tenuous, later 3.5–5 mm. long, 2 mm. thick; lobes 4, oblong-lanceolate or narrowly triangular, 0.7–1.8 mm. long, 0.4 mm. wide, at first erect, later spreading, minutely serrate; petals 4, boat-shaped, 2.5–5 mm. long, 0.8–1.3 mm. wide, clawed; stamens 4–8, filaments 0.15–5 mm. long; anthers 1.9–3.5 mm. long, 0.4 mm. wide; sometimes minute rudiments of styles present.
sex Female
Female flowers:bracteoles 2, linear, 0.7–1.2 mm. long, 0.15 mm. wide, acute, sub-membranous, toothed at the middle; pedicels 0.3–0.7 mm. long, thick; calyx-tube 0.5–1 mm. long, 0.5–0.6 mm. wide, 4-angled, 4-grooved, the 4 lobes linear, (0.3–)0.5–1 mm. long, at first erect, later reflexed, acute, entire, minutely serrulate or pinnately ± 5-lobed; petals and stamens lacking; stigmas 4, short, 0.45–0.7 mm. long, at first erect, later decurved, capitate or claviform, shortly papillose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit ovoid, 1.8 mm. long, 1.2 mm. in diameter, papillose-punctate, eventually dividing into 4 parts.
Figures
Fig. 3.
Habitat
In artificial ponds and lakes, also by river banks, presumably originally introduced as an aquarium plant; 900–1650 m.
Distribution
K4 T3 naturalized or casual in parts of Europe and S. Africa

[FZ]

Haloragaceae, E. J. Mendes. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Aquatic herb, usually submerged, with the upper part floating at the surface or sometimes creeping on to sandy or muddy banks; rhizome rooted; stems up to 1·2 m. long, simple or sparsely branched at the base.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves all pinnatisect, in alternating whorls of (4)5–6, densely papillose (when dry simulating puberulence), usually much longer than internodes, their bases flanked by 2–3 linear, mostly recurved, deciduous stipule-like outgrowths; leaf-segments 8–16(30) on each side, linear-subulate, with a mucronulate apex; leaf-base dilated, almost concealing the stem at least at upper nodes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers unisexual, solitary in the middle and upper leaf-axils; bracteoles subulate, with 1–2 lateral laciniae in male, laterally 1–2-dentate in female.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4, c. 4 mm. long, absent in female.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens usually 8, rarely less; anthers c. 3 mm. long; filaments up to 5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigmas 4, shortly papillose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit c. 1·8 x 1·2 mm., ovoid, longitudinally 4-sulcate, papillose-punctate.

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 2100–3300 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Bogotá DC, Boyacá, Cundinamarca, Nariño.
Habit
Herb, Aquatic.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, shrubland, native grassland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Ecology
Alt. 2100 - 3300 m.
Morphology General Habit
Aquatic herb.
Distribution
Cultivated in Colombia.

[UPFC]
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.

[UPB]
Use Environmental
Environmental uses (State of the World's Plants 2016).

Doubtfully present in:

Guyana

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Colombia, Costa Rica, French Guiana, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela

Introduced into:

Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Austria, Bangladesh, Belgium, British Columbia, California, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Connecticut, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, Florida, France, Free State, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Japan, Jawa, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Louisiana, Madagascar, Madeira, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Southwest, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nansei-shoto, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Palestine, Pennsylvania, Philippines, Portugal, Queensland, Rhode I., Romania, South Carolina, Spain, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Victoria, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Western Australia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Zimbabwe

Myriophyllum aquaticum (Vell.) Verdc. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Nov 16, 1978 Tweedie, Argentina K000075413 Unknown type material Yes
Nov 16, 1978 Tweedie, Argentina K000395190 paratype Yes
Nov 16, 1978 Tweedie, Argentina K000395189 syntype Yes
Nov 16, 1978 Tweedie, Argentina K000395188 isotype Yes
Nov 16, 1978 Gillies [366], Argentina K000395184 lectotype Yes
Jan 1, 1976 Gillies [366], Argentina K000075414 lectotype Yes
Afzal Hamid, M. [1087], Kenya 29047.086 No
Colombia K000395185 Yes
Colombia K000395187 Yes
Colombia K000395186 Unknown type material Yes

First published in Kew Bull. 28: 36 (1973)

Accepted by

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  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
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  • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
  • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dufour-Dror, J.M. & Fragman-Sapir, O. in Dufour-Dror, J.M. (2019). Alien Plant Species in Natural & Disturbed Areas in Israel Alien Invasive Plants in Israel, ed. 2: 1-246. Dan Perry Pub., Nature & Parks Authority, Israel Ministry of Environmental Protection.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2021). Flora of North America North of Mexico 10: 1-456. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • George, A.S. (ed.) (1990). Flora of Australia 18: 1-349. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hammel, B.E. & al. (eds.) (2007). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica, volumen VI, Dicotyledóneas (Haloragaceae-Phytolaccaceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 111: 1-933. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Hohla, M., Diewald, W. & Király, G. (2015). Limonium gmelinii - eine Steppenpflanze an österreichischen Autobahnen sowie weitere Neuigkeiten zur Flora Österreichs Stapfia 103: 127-150.
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  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (1999). Flora of Japan IIc: 1-328. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
  • Kuo, M.L. (ed.) (2012). Flora of Taiwan, ed. 2, Suppl.: 1-414. Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan, Second Edition, National Taiwan University.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Parslow, R. & Bennallick, I. (2017). The new flora of the Isles of Scilly: 1-539. Parslow Press.
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  • Urziceanu, M. & al. (2020). Updated list of non-native ornamental plants in Romania Contributii Botanice Universitatea "Babes-Bolyai" din Cluj-Napoca 55: 59-82.
  • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 1: 1-988. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.
  • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542.
  • von Raab-Straube, E. & Raus, T. (eds.) (2020). Euro+Med-Checklist Notulae, 12 Willdenowia 50: 305-341.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

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Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (2019). http://www.abcjournal.org/index.php/BothaliaABC/article/view/39/33 epublication.
  • (2019). https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/BJPT/article/view/41927 epublication.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Adolphy, K. & al. (2021). Beiträge zur Flora Nordhein-Westfalens aus dem Jahr 2020 Jahrbuch des Bochumer Botanischen Vereins 12: 199-278.
  • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
  • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dufour-Dror, J.M. & Fragman-Sapir, O. in Dufour-Dror, J.M. (2019). Alien Plant Species in Natural & Disturbed Areas in Israel Alien Invasive Plants in Israel, ed. 2: 1-246. Dan Perry Pub., Nature & Parks Authority, Israel Ministry of Environmental Protection.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2021). Flora of North America North of Mexico 10: 1-456. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
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  • George, A.S. (ed.) (1990). Flora of Australia 18: 1-349. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hammel, B.E. & al. (eds.) (2007). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica, volumen VI, Dicotyledóneas (Haloragaceae-Phytolaccaceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 111: 1-933. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (1999). Flora of Japan IIc: 1-328. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
  • Jonsell, B. & Karlsson, T. (eds.) (2010). Flora Nordica 6: 1-298. The Bergius Foundaton.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
  • Kuo, M.L. (ed.) (2012). Flora of Taiwan, ed. 2, Suppl.: 1-414. Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan, Second Edition, National Taiwan University.
  • Lambion, J., Delvosalle, L. & Duvigneaud, J. (2004). Nouvelle flore de la Belgique du G. D. de Luxembourg, du Nord de la France et des régions voisines, ed. 5: 1-1167. Edition du Patrimoine du Jardin botanique national de Belgique.
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Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 28: 36 (1973).

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

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  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0