Suaeda vermiculata Forssk. ex J.F.Gmel.

First published in Onomat. Bot. Compl. 8: 798 (1776)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Canary Islands, S. Medit. to Sahara and Arabian Peninsula, India, Sri Lanka. It is a shrub and grows primarily in the desert or dry shrubland biome.

Descriptions

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrub to 1 m high, usually ± sprawling
Morphology Leaves
Leaves cylindrical or nearly so, up to 25 x 0.5–1.5 mm, often ± deflexed, glaucous, progressively decreasing along flowering stems
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers bisexual, in rather small clusters, rarely contiguous into spikes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth subglobose, deeply divided, c. 2.5 mm in diam.; ovary free from perianth, stigmas 3, filiform, c. 1.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruiting material from Somalia not seen, elsewhere utricle thin-walled, seed usually vertical, c. 1.5 mm in diam., glossy black.
Distribution
N1–3; ?S1 Red Sea coasts and north to the Jordan valley.
Ecology
Near sea level–400 m.
Vernacular
Darran, duran ad (Somali).
Note
The Eritrean and Somali material lacks the subglobose uppermost leaves of most Asian material.
[FSOM]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2016) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 1: Elatinaceae to Sphenocleaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Much-branched decumbent to erect shrub, 0.3–1.2 m, cortex of branches whitish or greyish to stramineous, striate; young twigs ± densely clothed with short, multicellular hairs, striate or sulcate, stem and branches glabrescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves very fleshy, rotund to narrowly linear-oblong, flat to concave on upper surface, strongly convex below, those of main stem and branches below inflorescence 5–18 × 3–5 mm, decreasing rapidly in the inflorescence
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence spiciform, of mostly (1–)2–4(–10)-flowered axillary clusters of hermaphrodite greenish yellow or purplish flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth segments only shortly fused to each other, (0.75–)1.25–1.5 mm, thick and fleshy, convex dorsally, concave and darker within, tips incurved and ± cucullate, ± pale-margined
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary urceolate-pyriform, only slightly fused to receptacular tissue; stigmas (2–)3–4, 0.75–1 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2 mm, finally exserted; anthers shortly oblong, 0.75–1 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits membranous, ± 1.5 mm, included in the frequently somewhat accrescent perianth; seeds vertical, roundish, compressed, black, shining, very faintly reticulate.
Ecology
Fields, waste ground, river banks, usually with saline soils, alt. 0–50 m;
Phenology
Flowering: Apr.–Jun., fruiting: Jun.–Dec.
Distribution
Iraq: Common in the deserts and on the alluvial plain. Egypt, Palestine, Sinai, Iran, Afghanistan, Arabian Gulf coast from Kuwait to Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, N Africa (Libya to Morocco), Macaronesia (Canary Is.), NE tropical Africa (Eritrea to Somalia).
Vernacular
HAMUDH – eaten by sheep and camels (Civil Vet. Surgeon 2531); TAHĀMA (Guest et al. 16710A) ?TAKHME (Gillett 10039), who noted that the plant is eaten by sheep, but not by cattle on account of its salt content; when young, GŌGALLA (Guest et al. 16710A, Basra).
[FIQ]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora of Iraq

    • Ghazanfar, S. A., Edmondson, J. R. (Eds). (2013-2019). Flora of Iraq, Volumes 5.1, 5.2 and 6.0. Kew Publishing
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images