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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Central Western Sahara to Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FWTA]

Combretaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
Scandent shrub of dry regions
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Scandent shrub or woody climber up to 4 m tall; young branches pubescent or pilose
Morphology Leaves
Leaves subopposite; blade elliptic to obovate, up to 6.5 x 4 cm, acute to emarginate at the apex, sparsely to densely pubescent or pilose on both surfaces; petiole 1–10 mm long, persisting as a recurved spine
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers 5-merous, fragrant in pubescent short racemes; bracts sometimes ± leafy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower receptacle 4–7 mm long, tomentose, upper 4–5 mm long, campanulate, pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals greenish or red
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4–6 x 1–2 mm, white, pubescent outside; filaments 5–10 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits 5-winged, 1.2–2.7 cm long, ovoid, yellowish brown, glabrous to pubescent; wings papery, 4–6 mm wide.
Distribution
N1; C2; S1–3 Eritrea, Ethiopia, westwards to Senegal, and in East Africa.
Ecology
Altitude range 10–600 m.
Vernacular
Gedajedo, hrio lajab, ishwud, shuna-shuna (Somali-N); ciddi shabeel, mardaf (Somali-S).
Note
The form growing on coastal dunes in S Somalia has conspicuously pilose young stems and leaves (C. stefaninianum).

[FTEA]

Combretaceae, G. E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

Morphology General Habit
A scandent shrub or in the absence of support a compact or rambling shrub up to 4 m. high; young branches grey to rufous pubescent, older shoots with yellow-brown bark.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate or subopposite; lamina broadly elliptic to obovate, up to 7 cm. long and 5 cm. wide, apex varying from retuse to shortly acuminate, base cuneate, lightly to densely pubescent on both surfaces; lateral nerves 4–6 pairs, rather prominent beneath; petiole 0.1–1 cm. or more long, usually persistent and forming recurved spines up to 1.7 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of short axillary racemes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers yellowish white, fragrant.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower receptacle 6–8 mm. long, constricted above and below the ovary, tomentose; upper receptacle urceolate-campanulate, (3–)4.5–6 mm. long, 3–4 mm. in diameter, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals deltate, sometimes attenuated.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals oblanceolate, 4–6 mm. long, 1–2 mm. wide, lightly pubescent externally.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments 4–9 mm. long, 2-seriate; anthers 0–7 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk without a free margin, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit (fig. 7/38, p. 51), 5-winged, obovate in outline, 1.5–2.2 cm. long, 1.5–2.3 cm. wide, apexemarginate; body shortly pubescent; wings papyraceous, yellow-brown; apical peg short; stipe 6–12 mm. long.
Habitat
Acacia, Commiphora bushland, thicket and wooded grassland, sometimes riverine; 10–1700 m.
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K6 K7 T2 T3 U1 U2 U3 Senegal east to Somali Republic

Native to:

Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Western Sahara, Zaïre

Introduced into:

Myanmar

Combretum aculeatum Vent. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Leprieur [s.n.], Senegal K000232624
Sieber [55], Senegal K000232626
Schimper [881], Ethiopia K000226430 Unknown type material
Schimper [881], Ethiopia K000226432
Schweinfurth, G. [2236], Eritrea K000226433 Unknown type material
Schweinfurth, G. [2132], Sudan K000226434
Kotschy [388] K000226435 Unknown type material
Holst, C. [2408], Tanzania K000226469 lectotype
Thomas [114], Kenya K000226470 lectotype
Thomas [114], Kenya K000226471 Unknown type material
Davey, J.T. [163], Mali K000211910
Petherick [s.n.] K000226431
Irvine, D.r.F.R. [4679], Burkina Faso K000211909
Diallo, D. [284], Mali K000386460
Chevalier, A.J.B. [24389], Mali K000211908

First published in Choix Pl.: t. 58 (1808)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Liben, L. (1968). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Combretaceae: 1-105. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Wickens, G.E. (1973). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Combretaceae: 1-99.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Aubrév. Fl. For. Soud.-Guin. 106.
  • Chev. Bot. 260
  • —F.T.A. 2: 423

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Burtt Davy, Checklists Brit. Emp. 1, Uganda: 35 (1935).
  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 141 (1961).
  • Engl. & Diels in Monographieen Afrikanischer Pflanzen-Familien und Gattungen 3: 93, t, 27/A (1899).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 133 (1949).
  • Laws, in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 423 (1871).
  • Liben in Flore du Congo Belge, du Ruanda et du Burundi, Combr.: 25, fig. 2/B (1968).
  • Vent., Choix. Pl.: sub. t. 58 (1808).

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0