Combretum aculeatum Vent.

First published in Choix Pl.: t. 58 (1808)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is S. Central Western Sahara to Tropical Africa. It is a scrambling shrub or tree and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Descriptions

Combretaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
Scandent shrub of dry regions
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white.
[FWTA]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Scandent shrub or woody climber up to 4 m tall; young branches pubescent or pilose
Morphology Leaves
Leaves subopposite; blade elliptic to obovate, up to 6.5 x 4 cm, acute to emarginate at the apex, sparsely to densely pubescent or pilose on both surfaces; petiole 1–10 mm long, persisting as a recurved spine
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers 5-merous, fragrant in pubescent short racemes; bracts sometimes ± leafy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower receptacle 4–7 mm long, tomentose, upper 4–5 mm long, campanulate, pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals greenish or red
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4–6 x 1–2 mm, white, pubescent outside; filaments 5–10 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits 5-winged, 1.2–2.7 cm long, ovoid, yellowish brown, glabrous to pubescent; wings papery, 4–6 mm wide.
Distribution
N1; C2; S1–3 Eritrea, Ethiopia, westwards to Senegal, and in East Africa.
Ecology
Altitude range 10–600 m.
Vernacular
Gedajedo, hrio lajab, ishwud, shuna-shuna (Somali-N); ciddi shabeel, mardaf (Somali-S).
Note
The form growing on coastal dunes in S Somalia has conspicuously pilose young stems and leaves (C. stefaninianum).
[FSOM]

Combretaceae, G. E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

Morphology General Habit
A scandent shrub or in the absence of support a compact or rambling shrub up to 4 m. high; young branches grey to rufous pubescent, older shoots with yellow-brown bark.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate or subopposite; lamina broadly elliptic to obovate, up to 7 cm. long and 5 cm. wide, apex varying from retuse to shortly acuminate, base cuneate, lightly to densely pubescent on both surfaces; lateral nerves 4–6 pairs, rather prominent beneath; petiole 0.1–1 cm. or more long, usually persistent and forming recurved spines up to 1.7 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of short axillary racemes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers yellowish white, fragrant.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower receptacle 6–8 mm. long, constricted above and below the ovary, tomentose; upper receptacle urceolate-campanulate, (3–)4.5–6 mm. long, 3–4 mm. in diameter, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals deltate, sometimes attenuated.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals oblanceolate, 4–6 mm. long, 1–2 mm. wide, lightly pubescent externally.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments 4–9 mm. long, 2-seriate; anthers 0–7 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk without a free margin, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit (fig. 7/38, p. 51), 5-winged, obovate in outline, 1.5–2.2 cm. long, 1.5–2.3 cm. wide, apexemarginate; body shortly pubescent; wings papyraceous, yellow-brown; apical peg short; stipe 6–12 mm. long.
Habitat
Acacia, Commiphora bushland, thicket and wooded grassland, sometimes riverine; 10–1700 m.
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K6 K7 T2 T3 U1 U2 U3 Senegal east to Somali Republic
[FTEA]

Sources

  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0