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This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Combretaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Small semi-deciduous tree 4–10 m. high, rarely a shrub (doubtfully recorded as scandent); crown open, flattened to rounded; bark greyish-black, deeply fissured, scaly; branchlets tomentose to glabrous (except for scales), lepidote; leaf-buds black or dark-brown.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite; lamina 3–13 x 1·5–7·5 cm., glutinous when young, broadly to narrowly obovate-elliptic or oblong-elliptic or ovate to sub-circular, lepidote (sometimes inconspicuously so) and pubescent or pilose to glabrous (except for scales), apex usually apiculate or mucronate and usually twisted, base usually rounded to subcordate; lateral nerves 5–7 pairs, ± arcuate, reticulation rather inconspicuous to prominulous beneath; petiole up to 10 mm. long, leaving a prominent peg.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences of axillary spikes 3–7 cm. long; rhachis lepidote and otherwise glabrous or hairy; bracts 1·5 x 0·3 mm., caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sessile, yellow.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower receptacle 2 mm. long, lepidote and otherwise hairy or glabrous; upper receptacle 3–4 x 2·5–3 mm., campanulate, lepidote and otherwise glabrous or pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 0·5–1 mm. long, broadly deltate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 1·2 x 1·2 mm., obtriangular, ciliate at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments 5 mm. long, anthers 1·2–1·5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk with a pilose scarcely free margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 5 mm. long, stout, not expanded at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 2–3 x 1·5–2·5 cm., shiny (glutinous when young), subcircular to elliptic in outline, lepidote, otherwise glabrous or pubescent, apical peg up to 1 mm. long, wings up to 7 mm. broad, stipe 4–8 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds Cotyledons
Cotyledons 2, 2·5–2·8 x 3–4 cm., arising below soil level; petioles 4–5 cm. long.
Morphology General Scales
Scales yellowish-red, usually inconspicuous and often concealed by glutinous excretions, c. 45(50)–75(90)µ in diam., scalloped at each marginal cell; cells delimited by (7)8(10) radial walls and sometimes also up to 5 tangential walls and rarely with extra radial walls, marginal cells 7–10; cell-walls clear and thin, cells ± transparent.

[FTEA]

Combretaceae, G. E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

Morphology General Habit
Small tree up to 10 m. high, rarely a shrub; bark grey to greyish black, smooth or reticulated; leaf-buds black or dark brown.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite; lamina subcoriaceous to papyraceous, glutinous when young, broadly to narrowly obovate-elliptic or oblong-elliptic or ovate to subcircular, 3–14 cm. long, 1.5–7.5 cm. wide, apex usually apiculate or mucronate and usually twisted, base usually rounded to subcordate, mature leaves usually glabrous (except for scales) in E. Africa, sometimes pilose along the midrib and principal nerves beneath, then lamina less than 7 cm. long; scales yellowish red, not contiguous and sometimes inconspicuous due to the glutinous secretions; lateral nerves 5–10 pairs, reticulation rather inconspicuous to prominulous beneath; petiole up to 10 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences of axillary spikes up to 3–7 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers yellow, fragrance if any, not recorded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower receptacle lepidote and otherwise hairy or glabrous; upper receptacle campanulate, 3–4 mm. long, 2.5–3 mm. in diameter, lepidote and otherwise glabrous or pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals broadly deltate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals obtriangular, 1.2 mm. long and wide, apex ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments 5 mm. long, inserted at the margin of the disk; anthers 1.2–1.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk with a pilose scarcely free margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 4 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit (fig. 5/15, p. 16) subcircular to elliptic or oblong-elliptic in outline, 2–3 cm. long, 1.5–2.5 cm. wide, glutinous when young, shiny when mature, lepidote and otherwise glabrous or pubescent; apical peg up to 1 mm. long; wings up to 7 mm. wide; stipe 4–8 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds Germination
Cotyledons 2, arising below soil-level; petiole 4–5 cm. long.
Morphology General Scales
Scales (fig. 2/15, p. 13) 45–75(–90) μ in diameter, scalloped at each marginal cell; cells delimited by (7–)8(–10) radial walls and sometimes also up to 5 tangential walls and rarely with extra radial walls, marginal cells 7–10; cell walls clear and thin, cells not opaque.

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Caprivi Strip, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Combretum apiculatum Sond. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Mar 1, 2014 Bingham, M.G. [11534], Zambia K000812461
Jun 1, 2009 Coax [5108], Zimbabwe K000565503
Burtt, B.D. [1224], Tanzania K000226494 isotype
Burtt, B.D. [1120], Tanzania K000226495 paratype
Burtt, B.D. [856], Tanzania K000226496 paratype
Buchanan, J., C.M.G. [1263], Malawi K000226516 lectotype

First published in Linnaea 23: 45 (1850)

Accepted by

  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Liben, L. (1968). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Combretaceae: 1-105. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.
  • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
  • Wickens, G.E. (1973). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Combretaceae: 1-99.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 141 (1961).
  • Engl. & Diels in Monographieen Afrikanischer Pflanzen-Familien und Gattungen 3: 42, t. 12/C (1899).
  • Exell in Kirkia 7: 192 (1970).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 136 (1949).
  • Sond. in Linnaea 23: 45 (1850).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0