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This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Kenya to Mozambique.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Combretaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Woody climber up to 3–4 m. or prostrate shrub or shrublet; branchlets tomentose or tomentellous to densely pubescent; bark coming off in long ragged strips leaving a glabrous cinnamon-red exposed surface.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite; lamina up to 8 x 4·5 cm., subcoriaceous when mature, oblong-elliptic to slightly obovate-oblong, glabrous (except for scales) except for pubescence along the midrib and a few hairs on the lateral nerves beneath, fairly densely lepidote beneath, scales appearing impressed and far from contiguous, rounded and often apiculate at the apex, subcordate at the base; lateral nerves 5–8 pairs; petiole up to 5 mm. long, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences of rather dense axillary spikes 1·5–3 cm. long on densely pubescent peduncles up to 4 cm. long; rhachis tomentose to densely pubescent; bracts 2·5 mm. long, filiform, caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers whitish or yellowish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower receptacle 1–1·5 mm. long, tomentose; upper receptacle 4–7 mm. long, infundi-buliform, pubescent to nearly glabrous (except for scales) and lepidote.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals c. 1 x l mm., deltate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 1·5–2 x 0·9, obovate-spathulate, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments 4–5 mm. long, 2-seriately inserted near the mouth of the upper receptacle; anthers 0·8 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk inconspicuous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style up to 9 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit up to 3·7 x 2 cm., 4(5)-angled or very narrowly 4(5)-winged, ellipsoid or obovoid-ellipsoid to subglobose, usually tomentellous and lepidote (sometimes glabrous except for scales), subsessile.
Morphology General Scales
Scales as for the section.

[FTEA]

Combretaceae, G. E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

Morphology General Habit
Scandent shrub or climber, or prostrate shrub or shrublet.
Morphology Stem
Stem yellowish brown, pubescent; bark peeling to reveal reddish brown flaky surface.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite; lamina papyraceous to coriaceous, oblong-elliptic to slightly obovate-oblong, up to 8 cm. long, 4.5 cm. wide, apex rounded and often apiculate, base subcordate, glabrous (except for scales) except for pubescence on the midrib and a few hairs on the lateral nerves beneath; scales golden, appearing impressed, widely scattered; lateral nerves 5–8 pairs, sparsely pubescent; petiole up to 5 mm. long, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of rather dense axillary spikes 1.5–3 cm. long on densely pubescent peduncles up to4 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers whitish to golden yellow, fragrant.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower receptacle ± 1 mm. long, tomentose; upper receptacle infundibuliform, 3–7 mm. long, 2.5–3 mm. wide, pubescent when young to nearly glabrous when mature, often leaving a pubescent fringe to the calyx, lepidote.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals deltate, often pubescent along the margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals obovate-spathulate, 1.5–2 mm. long, 0.9 mm. wide, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments 4–5 mm. long, 2-seriately inserted near the mouth of the upper receptacle; anthers 0.4–0.8 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk inconspicuous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit (fig. 5/22, p. 16) ellipsoid or obovoid-ellipsoid to subglobose, 4(5)-angled or very narrowly 4(5)-winged, up to 3.7 cm. long, 2 cm. wide, usually tomentellous and lepidote (sometimes glabrous except for the scales), subsessile.
Morphology General Scales
Scales (fig. 2/22, p. 13) as for the section.
Habitat
A rather rare species of dense thicket and riverine forest; 50–450 m.
Distribution
K7 T6 T8

Native to:

Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania

Combretum butyrosum (G.Bertol.) Tul. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Mar 1, 2014 Luke, W.R.Q. [10013], Mozambique K000812460
Feb 1, 1993 Stocks [24], Angola K000226610 Unknown type material

First published in Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 4, 6: 87 (1856)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wickens, G.E. (1973). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Combretaceae: 1-99.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Engl. & Diels in Monographieen Afrikanischer Pflanzen-Familien und Gattungen 3: 81 (1899).
  • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 293 (1895).
  • Exell in Kirkia 7: 206 (1970).
  • Keay in Kew Bulletin 5: 342 (1951).
  • Tul. in Ann. Sci. Nat., sér. 4, 6: 87 (1856).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0