Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Nigeria, S. Somalia to N. Mozambique.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FWTA]

Combretaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
Usually a low shrub, erect or scrambling
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, or often opposite, or sometimes in whorls of 3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers crowded, scarlet, often at the ends of short branches near the ground
Ecology
Often in damp situations.

[FZ]

Combretaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or climber; branchlets glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves subopposite; lamina up to 6(12) x 3(6·5) cm., chartaceous to subcoriaceous, oblong to oblong-elliptic, glabrous or nearly so (or sometimes tomentose), apex rounded or acuminate, base rounded; lateral nerves 6–9 pairs; petiole 4–6 mm. long forming a slightly hooked spine at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers red or pinkish, 5-merous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences of subcapitate terminal or axillary spikes up to 6 cm. long; rhachis glabrous or tomentose; bracts 6 x 2 mm., narrowly elliptic.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower receptacle 5–6 mm. long, glabrous or tomsntose; upper receptacle 10–18 mm. long and up to 7 mm. in diam. at the apex, constricted in the middle for 4–7 mm. to a diam. of 1·5 mm., broadly infundi-buliform at the apex, glabrous or tomentose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4x3 mm., triangular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 7–8 x 2·5 mm., narrowly elliptic, unguiculate, pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments 17(25) mm. long, inserted in the apical part of the upper receptacle; anthers 0–8 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk 2 mm. in diam., margin glabrous not free.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 25 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit (not seen from our area) 5-angled, sessile, c. 2·5 x 1·2–1·5 cm., ellipsoid, glabrous, apical peg absent.
Note
Most organs described as glabrous or tomentose are glabrous in our area in the few specimens seen.

[FTEA]

Combretaceae, G. E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or climber; branchlets glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves subopposite; lamina chartaceous to subcoriaceous, oblong to oblong-elliptic, up to 12 cm. long and 6–5 cm. wide, apex rounded or acuminate, base rounded, sometimes tomentose, more usually glabrous or nearly so; lateral nerves 6–9 pairs; petiole 4–6 mm. long, eventually forming a blunt and slightly curved spine at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of subcapitate terminal or axillary spikes up to 6 cm. long; rhachis glabrous or tomentose.
Morphology General Buds
Flower buds unusually large, clavate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers (fig. 6/43, p. 50) red or pinkish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower receptacle glabrous or tomentose; upper receptacle tubular, broadly infundibuliform at the apex, 10–18 mm. long, 7 mm. in diameter at the apex, constricted in the middle for 4–7 mm. in length, 1.5 mm. in diameter, glabrous or tomentose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals triangular, 3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals narrowly elliptic, 7–8 mm. long, 2.5 mm. wide, clawed, pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments up to 25 mm. long, 2-seriately inserted on the apical part of the upper receptacle; anthers 0.8 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk 2 mm. in diameter; margin not free, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit (fig. 7/43, p. 51) 5-angled, ellipsoid, sessile, ± 2.5 cm. long, 1.2–1.5 cm. in diameter, glabrous; apical peg absent.
Habitat
Tidal and seasonal swamps and riverine forest; sea-level to 1200 m.
Distribution
K1 K4 K7 T3 T4 T6 T8 Z

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Scandent shrub or woody climber; young branches glabrescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves subopposite; blade elliptic or oblong, 3–12 x 1.5–6.5 cm, acute to rounded at the apex, usually glabrous or almost so; petiole 2–6 mm long, persisting as a blunt slightly curved spine
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 5-merous, in short head-like spikes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower receptacle c. 3–4 mm long, subglabrous, upper 10–18 mm long, funnel-shaped at the apex, constricted at the middle for 4–7 mm, subglabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals reddish
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4–8 x 1.5–2.5 mm, pilose; filaments 15–25 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 5-angled, sessile, c. 2.5 cm long, ellipsoid.
Distribution
S2, 3; Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Nigeria
Ecology
Altitude range 0–60 m.

Native to:

Kenya, Mozambique, Nigeria, Somalia, Tanzania

Introduced into:

Mauritius, Rodrigues, Réunion

Combretum constrictum (Benth.) M.A.Lawson appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Gillespie, J.B. [264], Kenya 24893.000
Keay, R.W.G. [36650], Nigeria 25919.000
Vogel [207], West Tropical Africa K000232629 Unknown type material
Vogel [42], Nigeria K000232627 Unknown type material
unknown [39], Nigeria K000232628
Vogel [42], Nigeria K000226409 Unknown type material
Hildebrandt, J.M. [1176], Tanzania K000226555

First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 423 (1871)

Accepted by

  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 90-106: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wickens, G.E. (1973). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Combretaceae: 1-99.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • in F.T.A. 2: 423 (1871), partly (spec. Vogel only).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 90-106: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 143 (1961).
  • Engl. & Diels in Monographieen Afrikanischer Pflanzen-Familien und Gattungen 3: 99, t. 26/A (1899).
  • Exell in Kirkia 7: 223 (1970).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 133 (1949).
  • Laws in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 423 (1871), excl. syn. Poivrea mossambicensis Klotzsch et formae.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0