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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Ethiopia to NE. Tanzania.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrub
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or subopposite, mostly crowded on short shoots; blade elliptic to ovate, 2–4.5 x 1–2.5 cm, shortly acuminate at the apex, pubescent above, more sparsely so beneath, also with golden scales beneath; petiole 2–5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 4-merous, white, in spikes that may be aggregated into panicles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower and upper receptacle with reddish or golden scales, the upper almost flat; disc hairy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals c. 1.5–2 x 0.3 mm, glabrous; filaments c. 2.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits 4-winged, oblong in outline, 1.7–2 cm long, with reddish or golden scales; wings c. 5 mm wide; stipe c. 2 mm long.
Distribution
S1–3; S Ethiopia, Kenya, N Tanzania
Ecology
Altitude range 5–250 m.

[FTEA]

Combretaceae, G. E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

Morphology General Habit
Much-branched shrub up to 3 m. tall.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves mainly borne on non-spinose lateral shoots, opposite or subopposite; lamina papyraceous, elliptic to ovate-elliptic, 2–4.5 cm. long, 1–2.5 cm. wide, apex very shortly and bluntly acuminate, base cuneate, shortly pilose above, more sparsely beneath, sometimes only on the nerves beneath and slightly tufted in the axils of the lateral nerves, sparsely scattered golden lepidote beneath; lateral nerves 3–5(–7) pairs; petiole 2–5 mm. long, densely rufous and golden lepidote, sparsely hairy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence ± 3 cm. long, of 1–2 single spikes in the axils of leaves on spur shoots, spikes often forming a terminal panicle by the suppression of the upper leaves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower and upper receptacles rufous to golden lepidote, otherwise glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals triangular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals narrowly oblanceolate, 1.5–2 mm. long, 0.3 mm. wide, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments 2.5 mm. long; anthers 0.25 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk 1.5–2 mm. in diameter, margin tomentose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 2.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit (fig. 4/3, p. 15) oblong in outline, 1.7–2 cm. long, 1.5 cm. wide, golden lepidote, otherwise glabrous or nearly so; apical peg absent or very short; wings 5 mm. broad; stipe ± 2 mm. long.
Morphology General Scales
Scales (fig. 1/3, p. 12) similar to C. celastroides.
Habitat
Deciduous bushland, often one of the dominant shrubs in Acacia, Commiphora associations; 150–1000 m.
Distribution
K1 K2 K4 K7 T3

Native to:

Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania

Combretum contractum Engl. & Diels appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Kassner [529], Kenya K000226423 Unknown type material

First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 39: 491 (1907)

Accepted by

  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Wickens, G.E. (1973). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Combretaceae: 1-99.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Battiscombe & Dale, Trees and Shrubs of Kenya Colony ed. 2: 33 (1936).
  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 143 (1961).
  • Engl. & Diels in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 39: 491 (1907).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 137 (1949).

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0