Family:
Vitaceae Juss.

Cyphostemma (Planch.) Alston

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa to Indo-China.

[FZ]

Vitaceae, H. Wild & R. B. Drummond. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Erect, prostrate or climbing perennial herbs or shrubs; tendrils opposite the leaves or absent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves digitately 3–9-foliolate or rarely simple and entire or lobed, very rarely pedate, margins variously toothed; stipules present.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences of leaf-opposed or axillary corymbose cymes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flower-bud ± cylindric or lageniform, apex rounded and often ± inflated, ± constricted at or near the middle. Flowers 4-merous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx entire or ± 4-toothed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals cucullate at the apex, becoming deflexed after anthesis, very caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers usually with ± straight filaments not bending noticeably over the gynoecium.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk of 4 rather fleshy truncate or conical glands, ± free from each other but ± adnate to the ovary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Style simple, subulate; stigma minutely 2-fid, or subentire and minutely sub-capitate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed usually 1, usually with a distinct dorsal crest or crests and often ± rugose.– Corolla puberulous or pubescent and glandular21.

[FTEA]

Vitaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

Morphology General Habit
Erect, prostrate or climbing perennial herbs, lianes or sometimes with succulent trunks bearing erect or climbing stems; often glandular; rootstocks often tuberous or massively woody; tendrils opposite the leaves or absent; rhaphides often present Leaves mostly digitately 3–9-foliolate or occasionally simple, entire or lobed or in very few (but sometimes very common) species pedately 5-foliolate, petiolate or less often sessile; leaflets usually toothed; stipules present, sometimes very well developed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers hermaphrodite or rarely unisexual, 4-merous, arranged in leaf-opposed or axillary corymbs of cymes; buds ± cylindric or flask-shaped, rounded and often inflated at the apex, ± constricted at or near the middle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx entire or 4-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals hooded at the apex, becoming deflexed, very deciduous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk of 4 rather fleshy conical often truncate glands, ± free from each other but adnate to the ovary which is often almost entirely included
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary with 2 incompletely separated locules, each with 2 ovules; style cylindric or cylindric-conic; stigma minutely bifid or subentire and minutely subcapitate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits usually 1-seeded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovoid or ellipsoid, usually pointed at one end, with dorsal and ventral crests together with radial crests, rugae, etc.(see fig. 12 for scheme used to describe these); the surface of the seed smooth or variously rugose.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Erect trailing or climbing perennial herbs, woody climbers or succulent shrubs from a thickened trunk, often glandular; rootstocks often tuberous; tendrils opposite the leaves or absent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves digitately 3–9(–11)-foliolate or occasionally simple or pedately divided
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers 4-merous, usually bisexual, in leaf-opposed or axillary flattened cymes; buds cylindric or flask-shaped, rounded and often inflated at the apex, ± constricted at or near the middle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx entire or 4-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals hooded at the apex, becoming deflexed, deciduous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk of 4 separate glands, adnate to the ovary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style cylindric or cylindric-conic, with minutely bifid or subentire stigma
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits usually 1-seeded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed ovoid or ellipsoid, with a central dorsal ridge and 2 lateral crests, and with the sides variously sculptured to smooth.
Distribution
Some 240 species in tropical Africa, Madagascar, Arabia and India.
Note
A difficult genus with some very variable species and others which are very inadequately known.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, Comoros, Congo, Djibouti, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, India, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Lebanon-Syria, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Western Sahara, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Cyphostemma (Planch.) Alston appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jun 25, 1991 Gellinger [4238], Tanzania K000771533 Yes
Christenhusz, M.J.M., Kamau, P., Mbale, M. [6672], Kenya K000696658 No

First published in H.Trimen, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 6(Suppl.): 53 (1931)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Descoings in Notul. Syst 16: 113–125 (1960).
  • in Trimen, Handb. Fl. Ceyl. 6, Suppl.: 53 (1931).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Descoings in Not Syst., Paris, 16: 113–125 (1960)
  • Nat. Monsp., sér. Bot., 18: 217–230 (1967)
  • in Trimen, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 6, Suppl.: 53 (1931)

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0