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This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Africa.
Combretum hereroense Schinz

[FZ]

Combretaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Small tree up to 9(12) m. high or more rarely a shrub, often with arching stems, frequently flowering before the leaves; crown dense, irregular; bark creamy-grey to grey-black, fissured; branchlets usually tomentose to densely pubescent when young but often quickly glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or subopposite, often borne on short shoots; lamina usually c. 2–7 x 1–4·5 cm., from very narrowly elliptic to very broadly obovate or subcircular (especially on sucker shoots when they may be as much as 5·5 cm. broad and broader than long), from densely tomentose to nearly glabrous (except for scales), densely golden-(rarely silvery-)lepidote beneath, scales usually contiguous but sometimes hidden by the indumentum, apex sometimes acute but often rounded or even retuse, base cuneate to rounded; lateral nerves usually only 3–4(5) pairs, prominent beneath; petiole up to 5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences of short rather congested spikes up to c. 3 cm. long, occasionally branched, axillary, often appearing on leafless branchlets in the axils of the scars of the fallen leaves; rhachis tomentose to glabrous (except for scales); bracts 3 mm. long, filiform, often somewhat persistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sessile, yellow.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower receptacle 2·3–3 mm. long; upper receptacle 2·5–3 x 2–3 mm., campanulate or shortly infundibuliform, lepidote and otherwise pubescent to nearly glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 1–1·5 x l–1·5 mm., deltate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 1·5–2·5 x 1–2·5 mm., broadly to very broadly obovate or subcircular or very broadly transversely elliptic, emarginate, shortly unguiculate, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments 3–1·5 mm. long; anthers 0·4–0·6 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk c. 2 mm. in diam. with pilose margin free for 0·7–0·8 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 3·5–4·5 mm. long, not expanded at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit usually c. 2 x 2 cm. but sometimes smaller and occasionally up to 3·5 x 3·5 cm., subcircular in outline, densely reddish- or golden-lepidote, apical peg absent or very short, wings c. 5(10) mm. wide, subcoriaceous, stipe up to 11 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds Cotyledons
Cotyledons 2 1·5 x 2·5 cm., transversely elliptic, arising above soil level; petioles 10–11 mm. long.
Morphology General Scales
Scales irregularly undulate in outline, marginal cells 8–12 mostly retusely scalloped, delimited by usually 8 radial walls, 8 tangential walls and sometimes a few extra radial walls.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree, much branched; young braches glabrous to densely pubescent and with reddish scales
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or subopposite; blade elliptic to obovate or subcircular, up to 4(–5) x 3.5(–4) cm, subacute to slightly emarginate at the apex, glabrous to tomentose and with silvery or golden scales; petiole 1–5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 4-merous, in axillary spikes up to 3 cm long usually on divaricate short shoots
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower receptacle 1–2 mm long, upper 2–3 mm long, campanulate, glabrous to densely pubescent and with scales
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 1.5–2.5 mm long, yellow or cream, spatulate to broadly obovate, glabrous; filaments 2–4.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 4-winged, 1.5–2.8 cm long, ovate to subcircular in outline, glabrous to pubescent, and covered with scales; wings papery, 4–7 mm wide.
Vernacular
Edi gudud, edi shabell, gor-gor, qoqoon, sorog (Somali).

[FTEA]

Combretaceae, G. E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

Morphology General Habit
Small tree up to 8 (–12) m. high or more frequently (in E. Africa) a much branched coppicing shrub up to 5 m. high.
Morphology General Bark
Bark slightly fibrous, grey-brown to blackish; branchlets reddish brown to light grey, fibrous; young shoots tomentose to densely pubescent, later becoming glabrescent, or glabrous except for the ± contiguous rufous scales.
Morphology General Shoots
Short horizontal spur shoots usually present.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or subopposite, usually borne along the length of the spur shoots but tending to cluster towards the apex; lamina coriaceous, narrowly elliptic to broadly obovate or subcircular (especially on sucker shoots), 3–6.5(–8) cm. long, l.5–4(–4.5) cm. wide, apex slightly refuse to rounded or acute, mucronate, base cuneate to rounded, from densely tomentose to glabrous (except for the scales); scales silvery or golden and due to their wavy margins may present a rather scurfy appearance, contiguous to scattered, sometimes appearing impressed in subsp. volkensii; lateral nerves 3–9 pairs, subprominent to prominent beneath, visible above; petiole up to 5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of short, sometimes rather congested spikes up to 3 cm. long, axillary, occasionally branched, often appearing on leafless branches (especially on spur shoots) in the axils of scars of fallen leaves; peduncles ± 0.7 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers (fig. 3/20, p. 14) pale yellow to yellow, fragrant.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower receptacle 1.5 mm. long; upper receptacle campanulate to shortly infundibuliform, 2–3 mm. long and wide, lepidote and otherwise densely pubescent to nearly glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals deltate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals spathulate to very broadly obovate or subcircular, 1.5–2.5 mm. long, 1–2.5 mm. wide, emarginate, clawed, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments 2–4.5 mm. long; anthers 0.4–0.6 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk with a pilose margin free for 0.7–0.8 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 3–4 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit (fig. 5/20, p. 16) oval to subcircular in outline, up to 3.5 cm. long and wide, often much smaller, glabrous except for the scales; apical peg absent or very short; stipe up to 11 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds Germination
Cotyledons with petioles 10–11 mm. long; germination epigeal.
Morphology General Scales
Scales (fig. 2/20, p. 13) irregularly undulate in outline, (50–)75–100 μ in diameter, marginal cells 8–12, mostly retusely scalloped.
Habitat
(of species as a whole). Wooded grassland and Acacia, Commiphora bushland, sometimes dominant; 50–2700 m.
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K7 T1 T2 T3 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1 U3 Sudan and Somali Republic (S.), southwards to Lesotho and Natal and west to Angola

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Caprivi Strip, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

English
Mouse-eared combretum, Russet bush willow

Combretum hereroense Schinz appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Sep 23, 2008 Crawford, F. [57], Namibia K000450441
Aug 28, 1969 Bolus, H. [7769], South Africa K000226631 syntype
Aug 26, 1969 Bolus, H. [7763], South Africa K000226630 holotype
Aug 26, 1969 Bolus, H. [7768], South Africa K000226632 syntype
Jan 1, 1968 Harbor, C.C. [6609], Botswana K000489077
Jan 1, 1967 Menyhart [s.n.] K000226511
Jan 1, 1967 Stony, R. [5034], Botswana K000489080
Jan 1, 1967 Lugard, E.J. [9], Botswana K000489078
Jan 1, 1961 Engler, A. [6217], Namibia K000226635
Brenan, J.P.M. [8274], Tanzania 25155.000
Ash [1920], Ethiopia 35554.000
Galpin, E.E. [561], South Africa K000226625
Galpin, E.E. [560], South Africa K000226626 Unknown type material
Galpin, E.E. [756], South Africa K000226627 Unknown type material
Galpin, E.E. [756], South Africa K000226628
Schlechter [11772], South Africa K000226629
Bolus, H. [11017], South Africa K000226633 paratype
Legat, C.E. [66], South Africa K000226634 paratype
Brown, R.C. [6609], Botswana K000489085
Smith, P. [82], Botswana K000489086
Allen, A. [266], Botswana K000489081
Biegel, H. [3887], Botswana K000489079
Leach, L.C. [12503], Botswana K000489084
Hansen, O.J. [3034], Botswana K000489082
Pope, G.V. [397], Botswana K000489083

First published in Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 30: 245 (1888)

Accepted by

  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
  • Wickens, G.E. (1973). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Combretaceae: 1-99.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Wickens, G.E. (1973). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Combretaceae: 1-99.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Engl. & Diels in Monographieen Afrikanischer Pflanzen-Familien und Gattungen 3: 63 (1899).
  • Exell in Kirkia 7: 199 (1970).
  • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 285 (1962).
  • Schinz in Verh. Bot. Ver. Brand. 30: 245 (1888).
  • Wickens in Kew Bulletin 25: 413 (1971).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
© Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/