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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to N. Angola.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Combretaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Woody climber (or small tree?); branchlets pale, glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or subopposite; lamina up to 20 x 8·5 cm., chartaceous, oblong-elliptic, minutely glandular but otherwise glabrous, apex acuminate, base rounded to cordate; lateral nerves 9–11 pairs, prominent below; petiole up to 10 mm. long, glabrous, basal part forming a curved spine.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences of axillary spikes (often in the axils of fallen leaves) up to 14 cm. long; rhachis glabrous; bracts c. 4 x 1–1·5 mm., caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers crimson or purplish-red.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower receptacle up to 5 mm. long, glandular but otherwise glabrous; upper receptacle 10–15 x 5–6 mm. with a lower subglobose part (surrounding the disk) and an upper infundibuliform part, slightly constricted between the two parts, sparingly glandular otherwise glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 2–2·5 x 2–2·5 mm., deltate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals up to 6 x 2–2·8 mm., narrowly ovate-elliptic, shortly unguiculate, pubescent outside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments 17–18 mm. long; anthers 2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk 2–2·5 mm. in diam., margin pilose not free.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 27–28 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 5-winged, up to 3·5 x 3 cm., broadly elliptic to subcircular in outline, glabrous, shiny, apical peg very short, wings up to 10 mm. broad, papyraceous, stipe up to 8 mm. long.

[FTEA]

Combretaceae, G. E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

Morphology General Habit
Shrub and woody climber to 7 m.; branchlets pale, pinkish brown, glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or subopposite; lamina chartaceous, oblong-elliptic, up to 15(–20) cm. long and 7–5(–8–5) cm. wide, apex acuminate, base rounded to cordate, minutely glandular-pustulate but otherwise glabrous; lateral nerves 7–9(-11) pairs; petiole up to 10 mm. long, with glabrous basal part forming a curved spine.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences of axillary spikes up to 14 cm. long, often in the axils of fallen leaves; rhachis glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers crimson or purplish red, often appearing with the leaves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower receptacle ± 5 mm. long, glabrous except sometimes for glandular hairs; upper receptacle with broadly infundibuliform upper part and subglobose lower part surrounding the disk, slightly constricted between the 2 parts, 10–15 mm. long, 5–6 mm. in diameter, glabrous or sparsely glandular-hairy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals deltate, 2–2–5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals narrowly ovate-elliptic, up to 6 mm. long, 2.2–8 mm. wide, clawed, pubescent externally.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments 17–18 mm. long; anthers 2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk glabrous except for pubescent margin, which is not free.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit (fig. 7/42, p. 51) 5-winged, broadly elliptic to subcircular in outline, up to 3–5 cm. long, 3 cm. wide, glabrous, shiny; apical peg very short; wings up to 10 mm. wide; stipe up to 9 mm. long.
Habitat
A wide range of habitats from open grassland to riverine forest and forest margins; sea-level to 900 m.
Distribution
T3 T6 T7 T8 Z

Native to:

Angola, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zaïre

Combretum holstii Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Holst, C. [3487], Tanzania K000226556 Unknown type material

First published in Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1894: 36 (1894)

Accepted by

  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Liben, L. (1968). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Combretaceae: 1-105. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.
  • Wickens, G.E. (1973). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Combretaceae: 1-99.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Battiscombe & Dale, Trees and Shrubs of Kenya Colony ed. 2: 33 (1936).
  • Engl. & Diels in Monographieen Afrikanischer Pflanzen-Familien und Gattungen 3: 95, t. 28/A (1899).
  • Engl., Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 291 (1895).
  • Exell in Kirkia 7: 222 (1970).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 134 (1949).
  • Liben in Flore du Congo Belge, du Ruanda et du Burundi, Combr.: 24 (1968).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0