Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Mozambique to S. Africa.
Combretum kraussii

[FZ]

Combretaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Tree 6(10) m. high or shrub; branchlets tomentellous to nearly glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, bright red in winter (fide Palmer & Pitman, loc. cit.), sometimes bractlike near the inflorescences; lamina up to 9 x 5 cm., chartaceous, narrowly to broadly elliptic or obovate-elliptic, lepidote (sometimes inconspicuously) otherwise nearly glabrous, often shiny above, apex acute to obtuse or rounded, sometimes shortly mucronate, base cuneate; lateral nerves 4–6 pairs; petiole 2–7 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences of axillary spikes up to 1–3 cm. long; rhachis densely pubescent; bracts c. 2 mm. long, filiform, caducous; peduncle usually c. 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sessile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower receptacle 2–3 x 0·5 mm., viscid, glabrous; upper receptacle 1·5–2 x 3—4 mm., cupuliform to broadly campanulate, lepidote otherwise nearly glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 1·5 x 2 mm., deltate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals l–2 x 0·7–0·8 mm., spathulate, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments 5–6 mm. long; anthers 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk with pilose margin free for c. 0·5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 5 mm. long, rather stout.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit reddish, 1·3–2 x 1·3–1·9 cm., subcircular to broadly elliptic in outline, lepidote otherwise glabrous to slightly pubescent mainly on the body; apical peg absent or less than 0–5 mm. long, wings up to 8 mm. wide, stipe 4–7 mm. long.
Morphology General Scales
Scales as in C. erythrophyllum but usually with only 8–10 primary walls (but up to 10–16 in C. nelsonii).

Native to:

Cape Provinces, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland

Combretum kraussii Hochst. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
South Africa K000226655
Krauss [353], South Africa K000226656 Unknown type material
Plant [27], South Africa K000226657
Gerrard, W.T. [298], South Africa K000226658
Krauss [253], South Africa K000226659 Unknown type material
Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000226660
Cooper, T. [1170], South Africa K000226661
Gueinzius [566], South Africa K000226662
South Africa K000226663 Unknown type material
Jul 1, 1993 Galpin, E.E. [1176], South Africa Combretum woodii K000226676 lectotype

First published in Flora 27(2): 424 (1844)

Accepted by

  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/