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This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to N. Namibia.
Combretum mossambicense (Klotzsch) Engl.

[FTEA]

Combretaceae, G. E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

Morphology General Habit
Small tree, shrub or woody climber; branchlets usually pale pinkish brown, pubescent at first, often soon (but not always) glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or subopposite; lamina elliptic to elliptic-oblong or rarely subcircular, up to 20 cm. long and 11 cm. wide (often much smaller, ± 10 cm. long, 5 cm. wide), apex usually acuminate, base rounded to cordate, hairy when young, usually glabrescent but sometimes retaining a dense indumentum; lateral nerves 5–9 pairs; petiole up to 7 mm. long, the base forming a blunt spinal process.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of axillary spikes, sometimes subcapitate, up to 8 cm. long, often in the axils of fallen leaves; rhachis tomentose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers (fig. 6/40, p. 50) (4–)5-merous, white or pinkish, usually appearing before the leaves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower receptacle ± 5 mm. long, tomentose with short often spreading hairs, often somewhat constricted above and below the ovary; upper receptacle with upper part broadly infundibuliform, lower part surrounding the disk subglobose, slightly constricted between the 2 parts, up to 9(–11) mm. long, 4 mm. in diameter, hairy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals triangular, 2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals elliptic, 7–9 mm. long, 2–3.5 mm. wide, clawed, pilose externally.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments 16–17 mm. long; anthers 1.7–1.8 mm. long, orange-red.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk glabrous; margin not free.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit (fig. 7/40, p. 51) (4–)5-winged, elliptic to subcircular in outline, 2–3(–4.5) cm. long, 2–2.5(–3) cm. wide, pubescent; apical peg very short; wings up to 10 mm. wide; stipe 4–6(–10) mm. long.
Habitat
Riverine forest, Brachystegia woodland, deciduous and secondary bushland, wooded grassland; 700–1600 m.
Distribution
K4 K7 T1 T2 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1/U2

[FZ]

Combretaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Small deciduous tree, shrub or woody climber, usually flowering before the leaves; bark grey to grey-brown; branchlets often pale, pubescent at first usually (but not always) soon glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or subopposite; lamina up to 20 x 11 cm. but often only half that size, papyraceous to subcoriaceous, elliptic to elliptic-oblong or rarely subcircular, hairy when young, usually glabrescent but sometimes retaining a dense indumentum, apex usually acuminate, base rounded to cordate; lateral nerves 5–9 pairs, rather prominent beneath; petiole up to 5 mm. long, base forming a curved spine.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences of axillary spikes, sometimes subcapitate, up to 5(7) cm. long, often in the axils of fallen leaves; rhachis tomentose; bracts up to 4 x 2·5 mm., ovate, stalked, caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers usually (4)5-merous, white or pinkish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower receptacle c. 5–6 mm. long, tomentose, often constricted above and below the ovary; upper receptacle up to 9(11) x 4 mm., hairy, upper part broadly infundibuliform, lower part surrounding the disk subglobose, slightly constricted between the two parts.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 2 x 1·8 mm., deltate or triangular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white or pinkish, 7–9 x 2–3·5 mm., elliptic, pilose, unguiculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments 16–17 mm. long; anthers orange-red, 1·7–1·8 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk c. 1·5 mm. in diam., pilose margin not free.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 18 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit (4)5-winged, up to 2–3 x 2–2·5 cm., elliptic to subcircular in outline, pubescent, apical peg very short, wings up to 10 mm. broad, stipe up to 10 mm. long.

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Caprivi Strip, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

English
Knobbly combretum, Knobbly creeping bushwillow, Mozambique combretum, Shaving Brush combretum

Combretum mossambicense (Klotzsch) Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1994 Cole, D.T. [970], Botswana K000489115
Feb 1, 1992 Kirk, J.W.C. [57], South Africa K000226623 holotype
Jan 1, 1966 Peters [s.n.], Mozambique K000226597 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1966 Lugard, E.J. [10], Botswana K000489122
Jan 1, 1966 [Grens, J.] [306], Botswana K000489120
Jan 1, 1961 Welwitsch [4282], Angola K000226595
Jan 1, 1961 Welwitsch [4306], Angola K000226596
Brenan, J.P.M. [7813], Zambia 25109.000
Tanner [997], Tanzania 30705.000
Hildebrandt, J.M. [2779], Kenya K000226558 Unknown type material
Biegel, H. [4043], Botswana K000489116
Hansen, O.J. [3473], Botswana K000489125
Long, D.G. [487], Botswana K000489121
Smith, P.A. [2703], Botswana K000489118
Long, D.G. [160], Botswana K000489119
Biegel, H. [3860], Botswana K000489117

First published in Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 292 (1895)

Accepted by

  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Liben, L. (1968). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Combretaceae: 1-105. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.
  • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
  • Wickens, G.E. (1973). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Combretaceae: 1-99.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Engl. & Diels in Monographieen Afrikanischer Pflanzen-Familien und Gattungen 3: 98, t. 26/B (1899).
  • Engl., Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 292 (1895).
  • Exell in Kirkia 7: 219 (1970).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 134 (1949).
  • Liben in Flore du Congo Belge, du Ruanda et du Burundi, Combr.: 26 (1968).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
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© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
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© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Plants and People Africa
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