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This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Kenya to S. Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Combretaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Woody climber, branchlets fulvous-tomentose.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or subopposite; lamina 10–20 x 5·5–11·5 cm., papyraceous, elliptic to obovate-elliptic, almost glabrous above except for pubescence on the midrib and lateral nerves, densely fulvous-pubescent to fulvous-tomentose beneath especially when young, apex acuminate, base subcordate; lateral nerves 7–10(16) pairs; petiole up to 15 mm. long often forming a spine.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences of subcapitate spikes or racemes 3–6 cm. long (including the peduncle); rhachis fulvous-pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sessile or sometimes very shortly pedicellate, cream to pink or maroon or crimson, sweet-scented.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower receptacle 4·5–5·5 mm. long, constricted above the ovary, sericeous; upper receptacle 2–4 x 3–4 mm., campanulate, appressed-pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals little developed, broadly triangular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 1·5–2·5 x 0·9–1·1 mm., obovate-oblong, hairy on the outside especially on the margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments 3·5–4(6) mm. long; anthers 1 mm. long, slightly apiculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk 2 mm. in diam. with a pilose scarcely free margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 4·5–5 mm. long, exserted before the stamens.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 2–4·5 x 1·2–2·5 cm., 5-angled, ellipsoid to obovoid-ellipsoid with apex sometimes slightly acuminate, glabrous, subsessile or very shortly stipitate.

[FTEA]

Combretaceae, G. E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

Morphology General Habit
Woody climber; branchlets fulvous tomentose.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or subopposite, sometimes 3-verticillate; lamina papyraceous, elliptic to obovate-elliptic, up to 16(–20) cm. long and 8(–11.5) cm. wide, apex acuminate, base subcordate, almost glabrous above except for the lightly pubescent midrib and lateral nerves, densely fulvous pubescent to fulvous tomentose to almost glabrous beneath except for the nerves; lateral nerves 7–16 pairs; petiole up to 1.5 cm. long, the lower portion of which may form a spine.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of subcapitate spikes or racemes 3–6 cm. long including the peduncle; rhachis fulvous pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sessile or sometimes very shortly pedicellate, cream to pink, maroon or crimson, fragrant.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Lower receptacle 4.5–5.5 mm. long, constricted above the ovary, sericeous; upper receptacle campanulate, 2–3 mm. long, 3–3.5 mm. in diameter, appressed pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals triangular, up to 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals ovate to subobovate, 1.5–2.5 mm. long, 0.9–1.1 mm. wide, hairy externally, especially on the margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments 3.5–6 mm. long; anthers 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk 2 mm. in diameter, with a pilose scarcely free margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style exserted before the stamens.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit (fig. 7/34, p. 51) 5-angled, narrowly obovate in outline, 2–4.5 cm. long, 1.2–2.5 cm. in diameter, apex slightly acuminate, subsessile or very shortly stipitate, glabrous.
Habitat
Various types of forest, secondary associations and thicket; 20–900 m.
Distribution
K7 T3 T6 T7 T8

Native to:

Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia

Combretum pentagonum M.A.Lawson appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Apr 1, 1970 Kenya K000226474 lectotype
Meller, C.J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000226606 Unknown type material

First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 424 (1871)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wickens, G.E. (1973). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Combretaceae: 1-99.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Engl. & Diels in Monographieen Afrikanischer Pflanzen-Familien und Gattungen 3: 102 (1899).
  • Exell in Kirkia 7: 211 (1970).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 134 (1949).
  • Laws in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 424 (1871).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0